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首页>英语>素材>Unit 5《Relationships》素材1(北师大版八年级上)

Unit 5《Relationships》素材1(北师大版八年级上)

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资料类别:  英语/素材 所属版本:  北师大
所属地区:  全国 上传时间:  2011/10/28
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2011-2012学年8年级英语(北师大版)上册素材(含教案和练习)Unit 5 Relationships(1) 一. 教学内容: 第五单元 第一部分 初步学会陈述做某事的理由及目的 二. 教学重点和难点: 1. 用两个句型表达抱怨某事、某人的方法。 2. 修饰性副词的使用。 3. 要点解析。 三. 具体内容: (一)enough 1. enough修饰形容词或副词时必须位于被修饰的词语之后。修饰名词时一般位于其前,也可位于其后。enough后面通常接不定式短语或介词for短语。 e.g. The question is easy enough. Tom didn’t do his homework carefully enough. The water is cool enough to drink. We have enough tickets for all of you. 2. 修饰形容词时,如果用于否定句,则否定句在否定enough的同时,也否定了其后的不定式。 e.g He is not careful enough to do the work. She is not old enough to go to school. enough如果修饰名词,用于否定句时,不定式没有被否定之意。 e.g. There were not enough people to pick the apples. 3. enough也可以做代词,意思是“足够,充足”。 e.g. We have enough to do to complete the project. (二)too…to… too+形容词或副词+(for sb.)+to do 表示“太……以至于不能……”,不定式虽然是肯定形式,但与前面的搭配构成了否定的含义。 e.g. The book is too difficult for you to read. She is too short to catch the apples on the tree. 在too…to结构中,too前面用了never这个词,则动词不定式可以把否定变为肯定。 e.g It’s never too old to learn. (三)修饰性副词 根据汉语意思,选择恰当的修饰性副词。 1. a bit, really (1) These trousers are tight. (2) I’m sorry. 2. rather, at all (1) She fell and hurt her leg badly. (2) They are not friendly to me . 3. a little, extremely (1) She is absent-minded. (2) Mary found it difficult to get a job. 通过上面的测试,我们可以得出这样的结论: (1)rather, a bit, a little 可减轻形容词的绝对性。 (2)really, extremely, quite 可起到强化形容词的作用。 (3)at all用于否定句加强语气。 (四)要点解析及例题 1. seem像是,似乎 seem +(to be )+表语 seem +to+v. It seems+(that)从句 e.g. It seems that I can’t win. 两种否定式为: They don’t seem to like him. They seem not to like him. seem 与look seem 暗示有一定根据的判断,这种判断往往接近事实。 look 着重由视觉得出的印象。 例 There to be no need to go now. A. seems B. looks C. is D. are 2. until 直到……为止 (1)肯定句中与延续动词连用。 e.g. I shall stay here until next Sunday. (2)否定句中与短暂性动词连用。 e.g. He didn’t come until late in the night. 例 I knew nothing about it my friend told me yesterday. A. because B. since C. until D. so 3. Do you find it easy to deal with plans that change? find it easy to deal with …中的it在句中做形式宾语,其真正宾语是后面的动词不定式短语。 e.g. They found it hard to walk there. 例 I find difficult to learn English well. A. it B. that C. this D. them 4. lonely (1)孤单的,寂寞的,在句中常做表语。 e.g. Tom feels lonely every day. (2)lonely作“荒凉”讲时,常做定语,修饰地点。 e.g. He lives in a lonely village. alone 独自的,单独的,在句中常作表语。lonely带有强烈的情感色彩,表示因缺少朋友、友谊而产生的一种悲伤和忧郁的感情;而alone只是陈述一个事实,表示一个人。 e.g. He was alone in the room. I was alone, but I don’t feel lonely. The children often come to see Grandpa Zhang, so he doesn’t feel . A. alone B. lonely C. happy D. happily 四. 课堂练习。 I. 根据汉语意思,完成下列句子。 1. 河水暖和得可以游泳。 The river is to swim. 2. 事情太多,我们记不住。 There are many things for us remember. 3. 餐厅有足够的食物供大家吃。 There is for everyone in the dining hall. 4. 他不够慷慨,不会借钱给你。 He is to lend you money. 5. 关于这个问题说得已够多了。 has been said on this topic. II. 用too … to …与not … enough …改写同义句 1. He is too late to catch up with the early bus. ___________________________________________________ 2. The question is too difficult to answer. ___________________________________________________ 3. The children aren’t old enough to see that horror movie. ___________________________________________________ 4. The car isn’t cheap enough for us to buy. ___________________________________________________ 【模拟试题】 I. 根据汉语意思,完成下列句子。 1. 他太忙,没有时间陪我们。 He is ____ _____ _____spend time _____ ____. 2. 她太小,不能自己照看公寓。 She is _____ _____ ____ to _____ ______ an apartment on her own. 3. 他太小,不能骑摩托车。 He is ____ _____ _____ride a __________. 4. 她太懒,不打扫房间。 She is _____ _____ to ____ _____ her room. 5. 她太过严格了。 She is ____ _____ strict. II. 连词组句 1. with, busy, he, us, too, time, is, to, spend ___________________________________________________ 2. to, is, brother, a, not, motorcycle, my, old, ride, enough ___________________________________________________ 3. she, old, enough, to , go, school, is, to ___________________________________________________ 4. thank, for, you, have, all, you, done, me, for ___________________________________________________ 【试题答案】 I. 1. too, busy, to, with, us 2. not, old, enough, look, after 3. too, young, to, motorcycle 4. too, lazy, clean, up 5. far, too II. 1. He is too busy to spend time with us. 2. My brother is not old enough to ride a motorcycle. 3. She is old enough to go to school. 4. Thank you for all you have done for me. 初中学习网,资料共分享!我们负责传递知识!www.czxxw.com

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