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首页>英语>学案>Unit3《A day out》 知识梳理(牛津译林八年级上)

Unit3《A day out》 知识梳理(牛津译林八年级上)

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资料类别:  英语/学案 所属版本:  牛津译林
所属地区:  全国 上传时间:  2011/10/28
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8A Unit3 知识梳理 一、重点单词 1.ourselves (我们自己) yourself (你自己) yourselves(你们自己) themselves (他们自己) herself (她自己) himself (他自己) myself (我自己) itself (它自己 ) 2. begin → beginning (开始) 3. interest→interesting (兴趣;有趣的) 4.real →really (真的;真实地) 5.beauty(美丽;美人) →beautiful (美丽的) 6.possible(可能的)→possibly 7.wonder(想知道;奇迹)→wonderful(极好的;美妙的) 8.climber(登山者) →climb (攀登) 9.final(最后的) → finally(最后) 10.luck(幸运) →lucky(走运的) →luckily(幸运地) 11.support(支持) →supporter(支持者) 12.win(赢;获胜)→winner(获胜者) 13.bad(糟糕的;坏的) →badly(拙劣的) 14.slow(慢的)→slowly(缓慢地) 15.sunset(日落)→sunrise(日出) 二、重点短语 爬山 climb the hill 需要锻炼 need to exercise 保持健康 keep fit/healthy 玩得开心 enjoy oneself/ have fun/ have a good time 乘船旅行 take a boat trip 从 --- 旁经过 go/walk past 保重 take care 在塞那河畔 by the River Seine 在 --- 的顶部 on the top of 美国总统 the president of the USA 邀请我加入阅读俱乐部 invite me to join the reading club 在 --- 开始的时候 at the beginning of 在学校门口 at the school gate 上车 get on ( a bus) 在下半场 in the second half 下车 get off ( a bus) 到达 arrive at/in get to reach 由 --- 制成 be made of 不再 not--- any more/ no more 感到开心 feel happy 名胜 places of interes 歌舞游行 the song and dance parade 自学做网页 teach oneself to make a home page 看一看 --- take a look at--- 枫叶 maple leaves 遥远的 far away 骑马 go horse riding/ ride a horse 决定做某事 decide to do sth 看日落 watch the sunset 开始玩捉迷藏 begin to play hide-and-seek 在决赛中 in the final 发生 , 进行 take place 旅行的费用 the cost of the trip 每人 per person 尽可能快的 as soon as possible 三、重点语句 1. Yesterday, I took a boat trip under the famous Harbour and went past the Opera House.(page39) 昨天我坐船游览了著名的港湾大桥,途中经过了歌剧院。 ①go past表示“经过”past是介词,常有go, walk, drive, run等动词连用,如:He just walked past me a few minutes ago. 几分钟前他刚从我身边走过。 He ran past the finishing line first. 他第一个越过了终点线。 2.It was a great day but we did not enjoy it at the beginning. (Page40) 那天很愉快,但是开始时,我们有点不舒服。 ①at the beginning表示“开始,起初”,强调开始的时间和地点。 常用的短语结构还有at the beginning of something.如: We are going to Japan at the beginning of July. 我们准备七月初去日本。 另外,in the beginning也表示“开始,起初”,它相当于at first与later, finally等词相对应。如: In the beginning, there was a lot of traffic on the city roads, but finally it got better when we were on the highway. 开始时,路上的交通很拥挤,但最后到了高速公路上时就好多了。3.it is made of metal and really tall.(Page41) 它是由金属制成的,而且真的非常高。 be made of 表示“由……制成”,强调从制成的成品上还能看得出原材料。如: The desk is made of wood 这张桌子是木制的。 如果从成品上已经看不出原材料,则用be made from.如: Wine is made from grapes. 葡萄酒是由葡萄酿成的。 另一个词组be made in则表示“在……地方制造”。如: The toys are made in Shanghai. 这些玩具是在上海生产的。 还有一个词组be made by表示“由某人(公司)生产” 如:The watch is made by Mr Brown 手表是由布朗先生制造的。 4. There are models of ever a hundred places of interest from all over the world. (Page41) 这里有一百多个世界各地景点的模型。 Place of interest表示“景点”,这里的 interest解释为“令人感兴趣的(事或人)” interest还可解释为“兴趣”,常用的短语有 show/have interest in (doing) something,表示“对……(做)某事感兴趣”。如: Daniel shows great interest in computer. 丹尼尔对电脑很感兴趣。 interest的形容词形式。interesting表示“有趣的”。如: The trip to the world parks is very interesting. 去世界公园的旅行很有趣。 5. They kept their secrets to themselves.(Page49) 他们保守着这个秘密。 Keep something to oneself表示“不将某事说出去”,如: She always keeps her ideas to herself. 她总是不把自己的想法告诉别人。 另外,keep secrets for sb表示“某人保守秘密”。如: Thank you so much for keeping the secret for me. 非常感谢你帮我保守那个秘密。 6.使用“and”/“but”/“or” 我们使用“and, but ,or”把想法连接在一起。 用“and”将相似的想法连接在一起,用“but”将不同的想法连接,用“or”连接选择性想法。 (当两个主语相同时,我们就不用重复第一个) We saw the model Eiffel Tower. We liked it very much. We saw the model Eiffel Tower and liked it very much. The model pyramids were small. The pyramids looked like the real ones. The model pyramids were small but looked like the real ones. We can visit the World Park or travel around the world. 当谓语相同时,后面一个谓语可省略。 The model Golden Gate Bridge was huge. The model Golden Gate Bridge was wonderful. The model Golden Gate Bridge was huge and wonderful. The model Golden Gate Bridge was small. The model Golden Gate Bridge was wonderful. The model Golden Gate Bridge was small but wonderful. We can go there by coach. We can go there by underground We can go there by coach or by underground. Grammar 使用动词+动词不定式。 通常这些单词与动词不定式连用agree choose decide hope learn plan prepare want等。 句型与例句 1.what / how about…?……怎么样? It’s too hot. What about going swimming? 2.be willing / ready to do sth.愿意做某事 I’m willing /ready to help you with your English. 3.Share sth with sb和某人分享某物 He shares one room with her brother 4.have some problems/difficulty with…在……上有困难 Do you have any problems with your friends? 5.vote for/ against sb赞同/反对某人 Who are you going to vote for? 6.make sb do sth让某人做某事 The teacher made him go home after school. 7.drive sb to…开车送某人去…… Place drive my grandfather to the bus station. 8.have a great /good /nice/wonderful time doing sth做某事很高兴 She had a wonderful time dancing at the party 9. have (not/no)…time for (doing) sth.(没)有时间做某事 My English teacher has no time for watching TV. 10.…on one side,…on the other side.……在一边,……在另一边 There’s a garden on one side, and a cinema on the other side. 11.invite sb to do sth.邀请某人做某事 I’ll invite him to join me in a walk. 12.teach oneself …自学…… I taught myself Japanese at home last year. 13.Thank you for doing sth因做某事而感激某人 Thank you for helping me with the housework. 四、话题作文 你的网络朋友即将来拜访你,你为了迎接她,想把她带出去玩一天,地点在南山。你正在为了这一天的行程做计划,并且写一封邀请信给你的同学。 要求; 1写出地点,时间(南山 South Hill Sunday) 2准备要进行的一些活动。如: 唱歌、野炊、捉迷藏 3.最后要拍照留念。 注意要点明在何时何地见面,如何前往南山,简要的概括一下。 www.czxxw.com

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