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首页>英语>课件>2016-2017学年八年级下学期英语教学课件:Unit 5《Good manners》Grammar(牛津译林版)

2016-2017学年八年级下学期英语教学课件:Unit 5《Good manners》Grammar(牛津译林版)

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资料类别:  英语/课件 所属版本:  牛津译林
所属地区:  全国 上传时间:  2016/11/1
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Unit 5 Good manners Grammar the UK—a polite country How do British people behave in public? They’re polite enough to obey traffic rules. They’re patient enough to wait till others move. In the underground they’re kind enough to give up their seats for pregnant women, elderly people or women with children. After hearing my decision to visit the UK, my mother says to me: You are old enough to learn about good manners at home and abroad. I visited my friend Helen. Day 1 Day 1 What’s Helen like? What did Helen do? friendly greet me with a kiss easy-going start the conversation with the weather polite say “please” and “thank you” all the time outgoing show me around her house Helen was friendly enough to greet me with a kiss. Helen was easy-going enough to start the conversation with the weather. Helen was polite enough to say “please” and “thank you” all the time. Helen was outgoing enough to show me around her house. What’s Helen like? What does Helen do ? Helen is friendly enough to greet me with a kiss. Helen is easy-going enough to start the conversation with the weather. Helen is polite enough to say “please” and “thank you” all the time. Helen is outgoing enough to show me around the UK. Can you find the similarity? to be + adjective + enough + to-infinitive Can you work out the rule? We can use the verb to be + adjective + enough + to-infinitive to describe a person’s personality and abilities. the adjectives that can be used to describe a person’s personality and abilities, e.g.: good kind nice clever careful rude wise careless silly honest polite brave Attention! enough是副词,修饰前面的形容词。 enough位置在被修饰词的后面。 He is old enough to go to school. Andy is strong enough to be a player. Examples: Complete Jenny and Helen’s conversation using “adjective + enough + to-infinitive”. Helen: Welcome to my home. I hope you’ll have a great holiday here. Jenny: Thank you! Helen: What a sunny day! It’s ____________ (足够好) travel around. Jenny: Yes. I’m _____________ (非常幸运) travel around your country on such fine weather. Helen: I'll show you around London tomorrow. Tea or coffee? Jenny: Coffee, please. Would you make coffee yourself when you are at home? Helen: Not very often. It's _____________________ (非常麻烦) make coffee. Jenny: I heard that in the Western countries, almost everyone likes coffee. Helen: Yes. For us, coffee is more a living style rather than a simple drink. fine enough to lucky enough to troublesome enough to Alice was small enough to go through the door. Lin Tao was brave enough to save his neighbour from a fire. look and say Millie is patient enough to listen carefully when others speak. Sandy is careful enough to notice small changes around her. Activity 1 Kitty is generous enough to share her things with others. Simon is polite enough to queue in public. Amy is funny enough to make everyone laugh after class. Complete the sentences by using the adjectives on the left and the phrases on the right. interesting fast generous hard-working to be the first of his class to make me laugh to share his things with others to get good marks 1. Is Mike generous? Yes. He is ________ enough __________ ________________. generous to share his things with others Activity 2 2. Is that story interesting? Yes. It is __________ enough __________ _____. 3. Is he good at swimming? Yes. He is ___ enough ______________ __________. 4. Is Alice very hard-working? Yes. She is ____________ enough ______ __________________. interesting to make me laugh fast to be the first of his class hard-working to get good marks interesting fast hard-working to be the first of his class to make me laugh to get good marks Helen showed me around London. Day 2 Day 2 polite gentle patient push in before others shout or laugh loudly in public touch you or push past you if you’re in their way Day 2 polite gentle patient push in before others shout or laugh loudly in public touch you or push past you if you’re in their way British people are too polite to push in before others. British people are too gentle to shout or laugh loudly in public. British people are too patient to touch you or push past you if you’re in their way. Sometimes we need to add for someone before the to-infinitive. I can’t go there on my own. Big Ben is too far away. Big Ben is too far away for me to go there on my own. We often use “to be + too + __________ (adjective, adverb) + to infinitive” to express a negative result. adjective Helen is introducing the places of interest in London: Big Ben is one of London‘s best-known landmarks, and looks most special at night when the clock’s faces are shiny. Big Ben is ____________________. The four faces of the clock are 23 feet square, the minute hand is 14 feet long and the figures are 2 feet high. Big Ben is ______________________, and also the clock tower has served to symbolize the continued functioning of the British government, especially in wartime. A trip to London is incomplete without a look at the Changing of the Guard ceremony at the front of the Buckingham Palace. The tourists are ___________________________ of the most interesting and colorful ceremony in London. too famous for us to miss too excellent to stop working too excited to stop taking photos too famous for us to miss too excellent to stop working too excited to stop taking photos Suzy was too shy to join the discussion. Simon was too excited to express himself clearly. Peter was too slow to write down all the main points. Amy was too careless to take her hat with her when she left. Kitty was too busy with her dancing lessons to listen to the radio. Activity 1 The tea is too hot for me to drink now. tea hot Talk about the pictures Activity 2 Expensive! Buy? The car is too expensive for him to buy. Dear diary, I went to the UK last week. I still felt excited. I’m ___________ (young) visit the UK alone. My friend Helen showed me around and we really had a great time. We visited Big Ben and Buckingham Palace. Big Ben is _______________ (famous) attract so many tourists around the world. Buckingham Palace has been the home of the queen since 1837. I find British people are really polite. They’re _____________ (polite) say “please” and “thank you” all the time. It's a pity that I was not ____________ (free) visit the British Museum. I hope I can visit it next time I go to the UK. famous enough to too young to polite enough to free enough to Jenny’s diary Jenny’s diary Dear diary, I went to the UK last week. I still felt excited. I’m too young to go to the UK alone. My friend Helen showed me around and we really had a great time. We visited Big Ben and Buckingham Palace. Big Ben is famous enough to attract so many tourists around the world. Buckingham Palace has been the home of kings and queens for a long time. I find British people are really polite. They’re polite enough to say “please” and “thank you” all the time. I’m not free enough to visit the British Museum. I hope I can go there soon. I’m not old enough to go to the UK alone. I’m too busy to visit the British Museum. enough to与 too … to的转换 Attention! enough to的句式为否定式时,enough to可以转换为too … to结构。但转换后的too … to结构中的形容词要用其相应的反义词。 Examples: ● He is not old enough to do the work. =He is too young to do the work. ● The problem is too difficult for me to work out. =The problem isn’t easy enough for me to work out. Complete the sentences The boy is short. He can’t reach the buttons of the lift. = The boy is ____ short ___ _____ the buttons of the lift. = The boy isn’t ___ _______ _____ _____ the buttons of the lift. too to reach tall enough to reach Practice Complete the article and know some manners about travelling in France. Eating: While eating in a restaurant, Frenchmen are ______________ (polite) treat the waiters with respect. They’re also ______________ (generous) show their compliments on dishes if the food is tasty. They'll ask to be excused at the end of the meal. Tradition: Visiting a French home: When people go visit someone else's home, they will expect a house tour and few things like that. Anyway, Frenchmen take you directly to the guest area and spend the time there. If Frenchmen are invited for dinner, they are _____________(friendly) go empty handed. They’ll buy wine, chocolates or flowers. generous enough to too friendly to polite enough to Looking at people is uncommon in some countries but French people are ___________ (curious) look at others. They love to watch and that is why they keep their fashion updated. While in France, you shouldn't be _________(shy) look at their watches, shoes or whatever they wear. French people like to be looked at! curious enough to too shy to 1. … (not) old enough to do … young polite carelessly busy … 2. … too old to do … young polite carelessly busy … to describe a person’s personality and abilities to express a negative result Review the two sentence structures. Try to use “enough to” and “too … to” to talk about your best friend’s personality and abilities.

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