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首页>英语>学案>2015-2016学年江苏盐城盐都郭猛中学八年级英语下册导学案:Unit 5《Good manners》Period 4(牛津译林版新版)

2015-2016学年江苏盐城盐都郭猛中学八年级英语下册导学案:Unit 5《Good manners》Period 4(牛津译林版新版)

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资料类别:  英语/学案 所属版本:  牛津译林
所属地区:  江苏 上传时间:  2016/4/28
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Unit 5 Good manners Period 4 Grammar 【学习目标】 了解各种礼仪知识。 能用英语谈论如何在公共场所举止得体。 3. 能养成良好的行为习惯。 重点:正确使用enough to和 too…to… 难点:正确使用enough to和 too…to… 来源:ziyuanku.com【自主预习】 一、生词热身 1. 讨论(n.)________ 2. 讨论(v)__________ 3. 表达__________ 4. 大声的________ 5. 话题________ 6. 原谅__________ 二、翻译短语。 1. 劳驾____________________ 2. 足够的。。。做。。____________________ 3. 排队等候______________________ 4. 太而不能____________________ 5. 不关水龙头____________________ 6. 也_______________ 【盘点收获】 1.You’re never too old to learn. 活到老,学到老。(永远不会太老而不能学习) too … to … 是英语中常用的一种结构。其句型为“too+形容词或副词+to do…”译为“太……而不能……”,它在形式上是肯定的,但在意义上是否定的。这一结构的具体用法如下:  1) “too…to…”本身已含有否定意思,因此,不定式前一般不加not。例如:  她太小了,还不能去上学。 She is too young not to go to school. (×)  She is too young to go to school. (√) 2) 在too…to…结构中,若要指出动词不定式的逻辑主语时,则用too…for sb. to do 形式。例如:  The box is too heavy for her to carry.  这个箱子太重,她抬不动。  This question is too hard for me to work out. 这道题太难了,我算不出来。 中华资源库3) 在too…to…结构中,如too前面有not, never, only等词时,此结构表示肯定意思。例如:  One is never too old to learn.活到老,学到老。  4) 若too后接ready, pleased, glad等形容词时,too相当于very, “too…to…”则表达肯定的意思。例如:  I'm too glad to help you. 我很乐意帮助你。  I'm too pleased to see you. 见到你太高兴了。  5) 在too…to…结构中,当to do后面的宾语是句中的主语时,不定式之后不应该使用代词。如果不定式中动词为不及物动词,则应在动词之后再加上适当的介词。 例如:The box is too heavy for her to carry it. (×)  The box is too heavy for her to carry.(√) 中华资源库The room is too dirty to live in. 这房间太脏,不能住。(句末的介词in不可省略) enough to句型的用法 该结构的基本形式为“形容词或副词+enough to+动词原形”,其意为“足够地…可以…”: He is old enough to take care of himself. 他大了,能照顾自己了。 Will you be kind enough to shut the door? 可否劳驾把门关上? She is old enough to travel by herself. 她年纪够大,可以独自旅行了。 Is the river deep enough to swim in? 在这条河里游泳水够深吗? 【注】若enough前出现否定词,则不仅否定了enough,而且也否定其后的不定式: He was not strong enough to do the work. 他不够强壮,不能做这工作。 He is not strong enough to lift the box. 他力气不够大提不起这个箱子。 另外,该句型有时可与so [such]…that结构转换: He is rich enough to buy a plane. 他很有钱,可以买一架飞机。 →He is so rich that he can buy a plane. 他很有钱,可以买一架飞机。 有时该句型也可与too…to句型转换: He is too young to go to school. 他太小,还不能上学。 →He is not old enough to go to school. 他还不够大,还不能上学。 【展示交流】 A Using enough to 1.Ask:1.What does Eddie say to Hobo before he mentions the good manners?(You are old enough to learn about manners.)What’ll British people do if you’re in their way?(If you’re in their way, British people will be polite enough to wait till you move.) Let ss answer the questions with the sentences in the book. Then Write down on the the blackboard. ziyuanku.com2.Encourage ss to read the sentences and think about the answers. B Using too…to…. Accordind to Comic strip, Ask: What does Hobo say to Eddie in the end? Help ss to answer it with the sentences from the text.(You’re never too old to learn.) Write the sentence down on the blackboard .Ask ss to translate it and pay attention to the meaning of too…to…. Read the example sentences of Page71.Encourage ss to ask questions about the two phrases. Step2. Finish the exercises on Page71,chack them. 来源:www.ziyuanku.comStep3. Work out the rules. 【个案补充】 _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 【反馈矫正】 一、词汇 The little boy is too young to _______________(推)past you. Some is polite enough to _________ (排队等候) in public. It’s your ______ (顺序) to sing for us. You should try to _____________(表达)yourself clearly. 5. I didn’t agree with them, so I didn’t join in the _________________(讨论). 中华资源库 ziyuanku.com6. What _____ (其他的)things are in the box? 7. The UK is too far away for Jenny to go there on her __________(独自). Suzy was too shy to join the _________ (discuss). Don’t leave the tap _____ (run) all the time. I think he is too old _____ (learn) a foreign language. We should speak _______ (polite) to the old people. www.ziyuanku.comStudents should put the books back after ______ (read) them. Yesterday I listened to a speech on good table _______ (manner). 二、单项选择 ( )1.As teenagers, we’re old enough ___________ with housework. We can help set the table, wash the dishes and clean our own rooms. A, to help B. helping C. helped D. help ( )2.Don’t worry.She is ___________ to look after your son. A.enough carefully B.carefully enough C.enough careful D.careful enough ( )3.Don’t worry,sir.I am sure I can run ___________ to catch up with them. A.fast enough B.enough fast C.slowly enough D.enough slowly ( )4.Lucy was _________ excited ________ say anything when she heard the good news. A.so;that B.so;to C.too;to D.too;that ( )5.You are ____________ young to understand it. A.too B.very C.much D.so ( )6.She was ill last week.But she is _________ to go to school today. A.well enough B.enough well C.enough good D.good enough ( )7.It’s ________ late _______ go there on foot now.I think you’d better take a taxi. A.so;that you can B.too;for you to C.so;that you may D.too,you can ( )8.She is _________ young _______ go to school. A.to;too B.too;to C.not;to D.too;not 三、翻译句子。 他足够的大了,可以自主做出决定。。______________________________________ 他太瘦了,不能再往前走了。______________________________________ 英国人太礼貌了而不会推你。______________________________________ 不要采路两边的花。______________________________________ 他足够的有耐心,会帮你的。_____________________________ 四、完形填空 Excuse me is used all over the world. But it is___1____ used in the United States than in China. An American says Excuse me when he wants to move to the other___2____of someone, to leave a party or when he ____3____himself late for an appointment(约会). Thank you means that you appreciate(对…感激)what someone has done___4___you. An American says it all day long. For example, he thanked the girl in a shop____5___she served(为…服务)him. He will say it to the waiter when he___6____him a cup of drink. He will say “Thank you” to the policeman when he has____7_____his way or done something else for him. And an American teacher will say “Thank you” to a student____8_____he has just answered the question. At___9______, the husband will thank his wife when she brings him a cup of tea. And the wife thanks her husband for helping her with her___10______. So the American people’s idea of being polite is quite different from ours. ( )1. A. more than B. much more often C. much less D. very often ( )2. A. end B. part C. top D. side ( )3. A. knows B. makes C. finds D. feels ( )4. A. to B. for C. with D. from ( )5. A. before B. and C. until D. after ( )6. A. brings B. takes C. carries D. holds ( )7. A. forgotten B. lost C. shown D. found ( )8. A. before B. if C. though D. till ( )9. A. work B. school C. times D. home ( )10. A. English B. homework C. housework D.lesson 初中学习网,资料共分享!我们负责传递知识!www.czxxw.com

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