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首页>英语>课件>Unit5《Films》课件2((25张PPT)牛津译林九年级上)

Unit5《Films》课件2((25张PPT)牛津译林九年级上)

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资料类别:  英语/课件 所属版本:  牛津译林
所属地区:  全国 上传时间:  2011/7/12
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Grammar (II) Indirect Speech 直接引语和间接引语 直接引语是直接引述别人的原话,原话用有引号,而间接引语是引述别人的话,不用引号。间接引语在多数情况下构成宾语从句。 直接引语改为间接引语时,引述动词是现在时,则间接引语中的动词、时间、时态的形式不变。例如:She says, “ I’ll never forget the moment变成间接引语为She says that she’ll never forget the moment . 但是如引述动词为过去时,间接引语中的动词时态一般要作相应的变化。遵循下列规律: 直接引语 间接引语 Shirley says:“ I don’t want to do homework everyday.” Shirley says that she doesn’t want to do homework everyday. Edward says: “ I was so careless that I didn’t do my homework well yesterday.” Edward says that he was so careless that he didn’t do his homework well. Change the sentences into reported speech. 1). ‘I like apples,’ said he. 2). She said, ‘I’m doing my homework. ’ 3)‘I’ve received the letter,’ said Tom. 4). ‘I didn’t see the cat,’ said he. 5). ‘I’ll be late for school,’ said Kate. She said to me,“I like English very much.” She said that she liked English very much. “I will finish doing my homework soon” promised Tom. Tom promised that he would finish doing his homework soon. Miss HU said: “ Susie has done a good job.” Miss HU said that Susie had done a good job. Father told me: “Your mother is cooking.” Father told me that my mother was cooking. 间接引语中时态不改变的情况 表示一般真理时 “ The moon moves around the earth.” Mike said. Mike said the moon moves round the earth. Our geography teacher told us: “ The Great Wall is the longest wall in the world.” Our geography teacher told us that the Great Wall is the longest wall in the world.” Mary asked me : “Who is she?” Mary asked me who she was. Jimmy asked :“When did you finish reading it?” Jimmy asked when you had finished reading it. Mike asked :“When will our plane land?” Mike asked when our plane would land. 引用的句子是一般疑问句时 My friend asked me, “ Do you like English?” My friend asked me if/whether I liked English. 引用的句子是祈使句时 The teacher ordered the studenyts: “ Keep silent!” The teacher ordered the students to keep silent. The teacher said to the students:”Don’t be late again.” The teacher told the students not to be late again. order ask advise sb (not) to sth tell request warn 指示代词 this that/it these those 指示限定词 this / these that, those, the examples He said, ‘The house is to be pulled down next month. He said the house was to be pulled down the next month. He said, ‘ We started learning Chinese last month.’ He said they had started learning Chinese the month before. He said, ‘this job is completed now.’ He said the/that job was completed then. * * * * Read the examples on Page 103 一般现在时 现在进行时 现在完成时 一般将来时 一般过去时 一般过去时 过去进行时 过去完成时 过去将来时 过去完成时 当引用的句子是陈述句时 He said that he _____apples She said that she _________her homework. liked was doing Tom said that he ____________the letter. He said that he ___________the cat. Kate said that she________ be late for school. had received hadn’t seen would 直接引语是特殊疑问句时 ------间接宾语 间接引语中有改变的情况 时间状语在间接引语中的变化 today this morning /afternoon yesterday the day before yesterday that day that morning /afternoon the day before two days before tomorrow the day after tomorrow next week /month last week/month now the following/next day two days later the next week/month the week/month before then

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