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首页>英语>教案>Unit 7《Living Together》教案1(北师大版八年级下)

Unit 7《Living Together》教案1(北师大版八年级下)

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资料类别:  英语/教案 所属版本:  北师大
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Unit 7 Living Together 一. 教学内容: 复习Unit 7   二. 教学重点: 1. 复习一般过去时和过去进行时及区别。 2. 反身代词的用法。 3. 频度副词在一般现在时中的应用。 4. 重点词组解析。   三. 具体内容 (一)一般过去时和过去进行时的区别: 1. 一般过去时常表示在过去某时发生的动作或存在的状态(包括过去的习惯动作),常与一般过去时连用的时间状语有:just now, a moment ago, yesterday, last week/month/year, the day before yesterday 及表示过去的时间状语从句。 e.g. I met her in the street the day before yesterday. Ex. Hangzhou is a nice city. My dad     me there when I was about ten years old. A. pulled    B. caught    C. took    D. brought 2. 过去进行时常用的时间状语有:at that time/moment, at this time yesterday, at +点钟+yesterday, 时间状语从句。 e.g. What were you doing at seven yesterday? Ex. I       on the computer when Jim came to see me yesterday evening. A. draw    B. drew     C. was drawing    D. am drawing 3. 一般过去时往往表示某一动作已经发生,而过去进行时却表示动作在持续。 e.g. She wrote a letter to her friend last night. She was writing a letter to her friend at nine last night. Ex. –Why didn’t you give me a phone call? -- I      . But nobody answered the phone. A. do    B. did    C. will   D. have 注意:下面几种情况不用一般过去时而要用过去时: 1)表示过去某一阶段的经常性动作。 Tom was studying in Paris last term. 2)与always连用表示赞美,厌烦等感情色彩时。 e.g. John was always coming to school late. 3)用来描写故事发生的情景。 It was a dark night. The wind was blowing hard and the rain was falling heavily. A young man suddenly appeared on the riverbank. He wanted to cross the river. 4)when 作并列连词,表示“这时(突然)”之意时,第一个并列分句用过去进行时,when引导的并列分句用一般过去时。 I was taking a walk when I met him. 5)go, come, leave, start, arrive 等动词可用过去进行时表示过去将来的含义。 I was leaving for Wuhan that day. Ex. (1)It was warm, so I       (take) off my coat.     (2)John        (take) a photograph of me while I        (read).     (3)Jane       (wait) for me when I       (arrive).     (4)Sue wasn’t hungry, so she         (not eat) anything.     (5)It was hard work to carry the bags. They        (be) very heavy. (6)When I was young, I        (want) to be a bus driver.   (二)频度副词在一般现在时中的应用。 表示动作发生的频率程度的副词叫做频度副词,如seldom, always, often, sometimes等。一般常用在一般现在时中,放在be动词,情态动词及第一个助动词之后,实义动词之前。 e.g He is seldom ill.     You must always remember this.     Do you usually go to school on foot? 有时为了加强语气,频度副词也可以放在句首。 e.g. Sometimes she goes to school by bus and sometimes she goes to school by bike. Ex. 1.– Does Liu Hua ever guess the meanings of English words?     – No, he     guesses the meanings of new words. He uses his dictionary all the time. A. usually  B. always   C. never   D. sometimes 2. English people       use Mr. Before a man’s first name. A. never    B. usually    C. often   D. sometimes 3. If you want to learn English well, you must use it as       as possible. A. often   B. long   C. hard   D. soon 4. She always gets up early and so she is       late for school. A. sometimes   B. usually   C. never    D. often 5. I       believe what he says. A. don’t always  B. always don’t    C. not always  D. always not 6. –I hate vegetables. I       eat them. – But they’re good for your health. You should often eat them. A. seldom   B. often  C. usually   D. always 7. The sun       rises in the east and sets in the west. A. never   B. often   C. seldom    D. always 8. –Does Liu Hui do his homework in the afternoon after supper? –     . He        does his homework after supper. A. Yes, usually  B. Yes, always    C. Never, always   D. No, sometimes 9. The rich are not      happy. A. never   B. sometimes    C. usually    D. always 10. She always finishes her homework on time. She       leaves it for tomorrow. A. never   B. sometimes    C. usually    D. seldom   (三)反身代词的用法三忌。   1. 反身代词不能表示“某人的(东西)”之意,因为反身代词没有所有格形式,不能作定语。表示“某人自己的”,须用one’s own. e.g. I saw the accident with myself eyes.(F) I saw the accident with my own eyes.(T) 2. 反身代词不能作主语,但可以作主语的同位语,起强调作用。 Herself is a teacher.(F) She herself is a teacher.(T) 3. 反身代词作宾语同位语时,只能放在宾语之后,做主语同位语时既可放在主语之后也可放在句末。当主语和宾语在人称,数和性别方面相同时,反身代词只能放在主语之后,否则,强调的重点将发生转移。 e.g. He himself went to see the artist.(F) He went to see the artist himself.(T) 有用的词组: teach oneself 自学        enjoy oneself 玩得高兴     help oneself 随便吃 say to oneself 自言自语    hurt oneself 伤着自己      dress oneself 自己穿衣 by oneself 独自地         for oneself 为自己 Ex. 1. Be careful not to hurt        . It’s a new knife. 2. I don’t need any help. I can do it all by        . 3. –Did you enjoy        ? – Yes, we enjoyed        very much. 4. She thinks more of others than of         . 5. He is too young to teach         English. 6. Help        to some cakes, children.   (四)重点解析。 1. I hope to see you next week. hope to do sth./that从句 e.g. She hopes to get a job overseas.     I hope you won’t be late. 2. There are many different ways to show respect to older people. show respect to … e.g. I have the greatest respect for you. I respect you for your honesty. 3. All the buildings are supposed to provide special facilities for people in wheelchairs. be supposed to do e.g. You’re supposed to pay the bill by Friday. provide sth. for sb. Can you provide some drinks for us? 4. Do you give up your seat to an older person on a bus or a subway? give up sth. e.g. She didn’t give up her job when she got married. 5. Don’t you say “Please” when asking someone for something? ask sb. for sth. e.g. Jim always asks mom for some money. Ex. 1. He hopes       a doctor when he grows up.     A. /    B. to being    C. to be    D. being 2. There are some people who don’t show respect        the old in society.     A. to     B. in     C. at    D. of 3. Bill       give a lecture on Saturday afternoon.     A. is supposed to    B. was supposed to   C. be supposed to   D. supposed to 4. The government will provide food and drinks         the people who suffer poverty.     A. to    B. for   C. with   D. on 5. The doctor asks the old man to     smoking for it is bad for his health.     A. give up   B. put up   C. get off    D. put down 6. She always asks her mother       something to eat.     A. to    B. for    C. at     D. on   [课堂练习] 连词组句,适当变换词形。 1. doesn’t, she, early, get up , mind _______________________________________ 2. likes, by, brother, my, travel, train _______________________________________________ 3. like, take, to, I, a, bus ________________________________________________ 4. in, live, they, the, prefer, country ________________________________________________ 5. at, home, I, today, stay, to, prefer _______________________________________________ 6. feel, like, I, grandparents, my, visit _______________________________________________ 初中学习网-中国最大初中学习网站Czxxw.com | 我们负责传递知识!

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