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首页>英语>学案>2014届中考英语:《满分训练》25

2014届中考英语:《满分训练》25

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注 意 事 项 考生在答题前请认真阅读本注意事项 1. 本试卷共10页,满分为120分,考试时间为120分钟。考试结束后,考生必须将答题纸交回。 2. 答题前,请务必将自己的姓名、考试证号用0.5毫米黑色字迹的签字笔填写在答题纸上指定的位置。 3. 答案必须按要求填写在答题纸上,在试卷、草稿纸上答题一律无效。 第Ⅰ卷(选择题 共60分) 第Ⅰ卷共45小题,答案请按要求填涂在答题纸上。 一、单项选择(本题共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分) 从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. An terrible earthquake happened the Indian ocean a spring afternoon. A. on; in B. in; on C. on; on D. in; in 2. What good news! We will have long holiday after the exam. A. /; a B. a; / C. /; / D. a; a 3. Hurry up, dear. We have to get to the station before 11:45 we can catch the 12:00 train. A. since B. after C. as soon as D. so that 4. — Why are you standing outside the gate? — My father me wait for my aunt from the country here. A. asked B. ordered C. made D. kept 5. I have two hobbies. One is swimming, and is playing soccer. A. other               B. others              C. another             D. the other 6. — Steve is good at writing short stories. — Yes, he is. But he writes than us, so he doesn’t get good marks in writing. A. most carefully B. more carefully C. less carefully D. least carefully 7. — Zhang, what’s wrong with your eyes? You have dark eyes. — Oh, I too late last night. I slept for only two hours. A. stayed up B. got up C. stood up D. woke up 8. — Must I finish the exercise at school? — No, you don’t have to. You do it at home. A. must B. need C. will D. can 9. They say this kind of fruit good and well. A. tastes; is sold B. is tasted; sells C. tastes; sells D. is tasted; is sold 10. —Tom, your father went to Hong Kong last week. Do you know ?   — Next month. A. when will he come back         B. when he will come back  C. where will he come back         D. where he will come back 11. —The land in the southwest of China is in great need of . —Yes, it hasn’t rained for a long time there. A. water B. tea C. food A. milk 12. —We can use QQ to communicate with each other online. —Good. Will you please show me ? A. which to use B. how to use it C. what to use D. where to use it 13. The news that our school will move to a better place sounds . A. well                   B. suddenly       C. exciting         D. happily 14. After we pass the exam, we by having a party next week. A. are celebrated      B. celebrate     C. will be celebrated     D. will celebrate 15. —John has hurt his leg. —Really? ? A. Who did that B. Why was he so careless C. What’s wrong with him D. How did that happen 二、完形填空(本题共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分) 请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 Mark was walking home from school one day when he saw a boy in front of him. He had dropped all of the books he was 16 , along with two sweaters, a basketball and a walkman (随身听). Mark stopped and helped the boy pick the things up. 17 they were going the same way, he helped to carry some of his things. As they walked, Mark 18 that the boy’s name was Bill. He loved computer games, basketball, music and history, 19 he was having trouble with some of his 20 in school. They arrived at Bill’s home first and Mark was 21 in for a Coke and to watch some television. The afternoon passed 22 with a few laughs and some small talk, then Mark went home. They continued to 23 each other at school, had lunch together once or twice a week, and then they 24 finished middle school. Three weeks before they left school, Bill asked Mark if they could talk. Bill reminded Mark of the day years ago when they had first 25 . “Did you ever wonder 26 I was carrying so many things home that day?” asked Bill. “You see, I cleaned out my locker (锁柜) because I didn’t want to leave 27 for anyone else. I was going home to kill myself. But after we 28 some time together talking and laughing, I 29 that if I killed myself, I would have missed many good times. So you see, Mark, when you 30 those books that day, you actually saved my life.” 16. A. reading B. buying C. carrying D. writing 17. A. Since B. When C. While D. Before 18. A. asked B. learned C. believed D. answered 19. A. and B. or C. so D. but 20. A. books B. teachers C. subjects D. games 21. A. introduced B. invited C. noticed D. pushed 22. A. happily B. slowly C. quietly D. easily 23. A. help B. accept C. see D. change 24. A. all B. each C. either D. both 25. A. met B. worked C. appeared D. arrived 26. A. what B. when C. why D. how 27. A. something B. anything C. everything D. nothing 28. A. took B. wasted C. spent D. found 29. A. remembered B. wondered C. checked D. realized 30. A. threw away B. picked up C. gave out D. looked for 三、阅读理解(本题共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 A Every day in China, about 200 million children go to school. Many of them take school buses. What should we do to keep these students safe on the road? On April 5, the State Council (国务院) published new rules about school bus safety. These new rules are much stricter than the old ones. Under the new rules, local governments must make sure that students attend nearby schools or boarding (寄宿的) schools to reduce traffic risks. Also, local governments must help kids in the countryside reach their school buses. From now on, school buses have a speed limit of 80km per hour on highways and 60km per hour on normal roads. While on the road, other cars must let school buses go first. The new rules also say that school buses must never be overloaded (超载的). They have a speed limit of 80 km per hour on highways and 60 km per hour on normal roads. There are many other rules as well. A school bus must have more than seven seats. On each bus, there must be at least one adult to keep an eye on the kids. Each school bus must have a fire extinguisher (灭火器), a first aid kit (急救箱) and a GPS. Last year, a series of school bus accidents happened in China. To stop such accidents, the Central Government decided to strengthen the rules for school buses. The most serious accident happened in November in Gansu, when a nine-seat minibus crashed. There were 62 children inside, and 21 of them died. 31. Under the new rules, which of the following is NOT true? A. School buses must not be overloaded. B. School buses must drive 80 km/h or less on normal roads. C. School buses can go first when there are other cars. D. School buses must drive 80 km/h or less on highways. 32. The phrase “keep an eye on” in Paragraph 6 has a similar meaning to “__________”. A. look after B. play with C. look for D. chat with 33. According to the new rule, a school bus must have the following EXCEPT __________. A. a GPS B. more than seven seats C. a parent of one of the students D. a fire extinguisher and a first aid kit 34. The government made new rules for school buses because __________. A. 21 students died in school bus accidents last year B. the government encourages all students to take school buses C. 200 million children in China go to school by bus every day D. school buses in China were not safe enough before B Tickets Information 35. How many days will the show be on? A. For 10 days. B. For 12 days. C. For 9 days. D. For 15 days. 36. Lucy is 7 years old and she wants to see the show with her parents in the evening. They should pay __________ dollars for the tickets. A. 25 B. 35 C. 60 D. 84 37. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage? A. The name of the show. B. The name of the director.  C. The telephone number. D. The name of the theatre. C To most of us, school means classes, teachers, schedules, grades, and tests. But for the children at Sudbury Valley School in Massachusetts, school is very different. Firstly, there are no lessons. All the children, aged between 4 and 19, do whatever they want. There are no teachers, only “staff members (职员)”. The idea behind this is that you do not need to make children learn, because children want to learn anyway. “You do not need to say to a three-year-old. ‘Go explore your environment.’ You can’t stop them!” says Daniel Greenberg, a founder of the school. “But if you make children do what you want all day, they will lose all taste for learning.” At Sudbury Valley School, you will allow children to talk, read, paint, cook, work on computers, study French, play the piano, climb trees, or just run around. Two boys spent three years just fishing! The other way that Sudbury Valley School is different is that the children can decide the rules. Every week, there is a school meeting where both children and staff have one vote each — even the four-year-olds. They decide the school rules, how to spend the school budget(预算), and even which staff they want and do not want any more. When the school first opened in 1968, people said it would never work. But today, the school has 200 students, and 80% of its students go on to college. Even the two boys who went fishing all time have successful careers today. One of them is a musician and the other is a computer scientist. 38. What does the school believe? A. Teachers cannot teach children well. B. Children learn best when they do what they want to do. C. Learning is for adults — children should only play. D. Children should only learn about one thing at a time. 39. What does Daniel Greenberg say about three-year-olds? A. They love learning. B. They are very naughty. C. They want to be outside all the time. D. They are too young to learn anything. 40. What happens to the children after they leave this school? A. They do the same things as children from other schools. B. They have problems getting into college or getting a job. C. They usually do very unusual jobs. D. They are not successful in their business. 41. What is the main topic of the article? A. Children’s hobbies B. Education in the US C. A school without rules D. An unusual school D Hu Yaohui, a schoolgirl in Zhejiang province, didn’t want to speak or eat for a week. She kept worrying about her scores on the exam. “I can’t stop thinking about my place in the class,” she said. “I feel stressed out.” Hu is not the only one who faces stress. According to a recent survey conducted by Wuhan University of Hubei province, 70 percent of the 2,000 students who are going to take the college and high school entrance exams feel under pressure (压力). Stress is a normal physical response (反应) to things that make people feel worried or break their balance of life in some way. Stress isn’t always bad. Sometimes, people’s stress is important during emergency situations, such as when a driver has to stop his car to avoid an accident. Sometimes, stress can help people do their best — like while getting ready before a big competition or exam. However, too much or long-term stress gives people a stress overload (负荷过多). People with stress overloads may have problems remembering or concentrating on things. They are quick to get angry or lose patience. They may even have other problems, such as sleeping problems, headaches and often getting colds. The most helpful way to deal with stress overloads is to learn how to manage the stress. For example, you might manage it by getting a good night’s sleep, or by exercising every day. Another good way to deal with stress is to ask parents or friends for help. Everyone has stress. For many people, stress is so common that it has become a way of life. Don’t be too shy to tell others that you are having a hard time. They may comfort you or give you some useful advice. Sometimes just sharing your problems with someone else can make you feel better. 42. Hu Yaohui felt stressed out about __________. A. her marks on the exams B. which seat to take during exams C. not being able to sit in the front D. not being allowed to eat in class 43. According to the survey in Paragraph 2, __________ of the 2,000 students who will take entrance exams feel stressed. A. nearly half B. about 1,400 C. almost seven hundred D. about one seventh 44. Which of the following is TRUE? A. Stress is a kind of serious heart disease. B. Stress is always bad for people. C. Stress is always useless for an exam. D. Stress is greatly needed sometimes. 45. The best title of this passage is “__________”. A. Many students face stress now. B. People’s stress is sometimes important. C. How to get less stress D. How to get good results with the help of stress. 第Ⅱ卷(非选择题 共60分) 第II卷共36小题,答案请按要求写在答题卡上。 四、词汇(本题共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分) A. 请根据句意或括号中的中文提示、英文释义,写出句中所缺单词,使句子通顺。 (每小题1分,共5分) 46. She loves taking photos and always takes her ▲ (照相机) wherever she goes. 47. Now that they have a baby, they ▲ (很少,不常) get the chance to go to the cinema together. 48. It will be Mike’s twelfth ▲ (the day of one’s birth) next Saturday. 49. With the help of the police, Tim was ▲ (having good luck) enough to get back his lost bike. 50. Tom did very badly in the maths test. Poor him! He ▲ the test again. B. 请根据句意从方框中选择合适的单词,并用其适当形式填空,使句子通顺。 (每小题1分,共5分) 51. This shop sells all kinds of ▲ from different countries. 52. I hear that her uncle has bought a new flat in the city centre ▲ . 53. Jack won the ▲ prize in the school reading contest and he felt very excited. 54. He had to make a ▲ between staying with his parents and going abroad.  55. You know Mike’s hobby is playing football, but ▲ is collecting stamps. C. 请根据句意从方框中选择合适的动词,并用其适当时态填空,使句子通顺。 (每小题1分,共5分) 56. Williams ▲ his students a wonderful speech on Manners last Wednesday. 57. The Greens and the Browns ▲ next door to each other for many years. 58. Lucy ▲ for London on business in three days. 59. —Were you at school when he came to see you? —Yes, I ▲ a math class. 60. Betty will ring me up when she ▲ in Beijing. 五、句型转换(本题共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分) 请根据要求改写下列句子,每空一词。 61. Susan has a good time on her birthday every year. (改为否定句) Susan ▲ ▲ a good time on her birthday every year. 62. Xiao Li paid more than 4,000 yuan for his new iPhone 4? (对划线部分提问) ▲ ▲ did Xiao Li pay for his new iPhone4? 63. The manager told them to be more creative in their work. (改为被动语态) They ▲ ▲ to be more creative in their work. 64. Some children are so young that they can’t tell the bad from the good. (保持句意基本不变) Some children aren’t ▲ ▲ to tell the bad from the good. 65. Rose went to the car exhibition yesterday. Danny went there, too. (保持句意基本不变) ▲ Rose ▲ Danny went to the car exhibition yesterday. 六、短文填空(本题共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 请认真阅读下面短文,并根据各题所给首字母的提示,写出一个合适的英语单词完整、正确的形式,使短文通顺。 There are four people in my family. Every day my parents are very busy trying to make (66) m ▲ in order to pay the high tuition (学费) for my brother and me. They hardly say “I love you” or send flowers to each other. Besides, my father has a bad temper (脾气). It is (67) e ▲ for him to lose his temper (68) w ▲ he’s very tired from the hard work. I didn’t know whether there was love between them until one spring. At that time, my father (69) s ▲ got badly sick. My mother had to stay with him in the (70) h ▲ for a month. When they returned from the hospital, they both looked very weak as if both of them had a serious illness. After they were back, my mother helped my father (71) w ▲ slowly on the country road every day in the morning and dusk. (72) H ▲ , after two months my father still couldn’t walk by (73)h ▲ . All of us were worried about him.   ”Dad, how are you feeling now?” I asked him one day. “Susan, don’t (74) w ▲ about me.” he said in a low voice. “I just like walking with your mom. I like this kind of life.” Reading his eyes, I know he loves my mother very much. Once I thought love meant (75) f ▲ , presents and sweet kisses. But from this experience, I understand that love is inside, making life strong and warm. 七、阅读与回答问题 (本题共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 请认真阅读下面短文,并根据短文内容回答问题。 On December 23, 2008, Niu Niu held a piano concert at the national Grand Theater (国家大剧院). As an eleven-year-old boy, he became the youngest pianist ever to perform a concert at the theater. Never too young to learn Niu Niu was born into a musical family in Xiamen. His father Zhang was a piano teacher. Niu Niu grew up listening to his father’s students playing the piano. At just three years old, Niu Niu asked his father to teach him to play, too. “I gave Niu Niu some sheet music and helped him find the eight notes when he first played the piano. To my surprise, he played nearly 80 percent correct,” said the father. He used to think that three years old is too young an age to learn piano, but Niu Niu changed his mind. He continued to allow Niu Niu to watch his teaching of other students and gave him more sheet music to play. Playing for fun Zhang started teaching Niu Niu standard piano lessons when he was four. Unlike many other piano teachers, Zhang didn’t insist that Niu Niu play strictly with the correct finger positioning (位置). He said that the strict finger positioning would rob some kids of fun of playing. So Niu Niu could play in his own way. He could play the tone successfully. But Niu Niu was required to play the music without looking at the sheet music. Now he can remember about 80 pages. Rising to fame In 2003, at the age of 6, Niu Niu successfully held a sole concert in his hometown Xiamen. At the age of 8, he gave a performance at the International Piano Festival in France. At the age of 10, Niu Niu played in London and his performance was praised by Prince Charles. Last year, this young pianist published his first album “Niu Niu Plays Mozart” and over 10,000 copies have been sold in the world. We are very glad to see a young Chinese pianist rising in the music world. 76. How old was Niu Niu when he performed a concert at the National Grand Theater? (请把答案填写在答题纸上) 77. What was Niu Niu’s father? (请把答案填写在答题纸上) 78. What did Niu Niu’s father feel when Niu Niu played nearly 80 percent of the sheet music correct? (请把答案填写在答题纸上) 79. What did Niu Niu’s father say about the strict finger positioning? (请把答案填写在答题纸上) 80. What do you think of Zhang’s way of teaching his son Niu Niu? (请自拟一句话作答) (请把答案填写在答题纸上) 八、书面表达 (共20分) 下面四幅图画描述了你某天放学后发生的一件事。请你根据这些图画提示,展开合理想象,用英语写一篇日记,时间是2012年5月11日,星期五,天气预报:有雨。 注意: 1.词数90左右。日记的开头已为你写好,不计入总词数。 2.要点完整、层次清晰、语法正确、上下文连贯。 3.文中不得使用真实的人名、校名。               May 11, 2012 Friday rainy This afternoon, when I walked out of school, the weather changed. ___________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 参考答案和评分标准 一、1-5 BADCD 6-10 CADCB 11-15 ABCDD 二、16-20 CABDC 21-25 BACDA 26-30 CBCDB 三、31-35 BACDA 36-40 DBBAC 41-45 DABDC 四、46. camera(s) 47. seldom 48. birthday 49. lucky 50. failed 51. watches 52. recently 53. second 54. choice 55. mine 56. gave 57. have lived 58. will leave/ is leaving/ is going to leave 59. was having 60. arrives 五、61. doesn’t have 62. How much 63. were told 64. old enough 65. Both, and 六、66. money 67. easy 68. when 69. suddenly 70. hospital 71. walk 72. However 73. himself 74. worry 75. flowers 七、76. (He was) 11 years old./ He was 11. 77. (He was) A piano teacher. 78. He felt surprised./ Surprised. 79. (He said that) The strict finger positioning would rob some kids of fun of playing. 80. It (His way) was good/ wonderful/ successful/ effective./ It was a proper way/ … 八、 May 11, 2012 Friday rainy This afternoon, when I walked out of school, the weather changed. There were thick dark clouds in the sky. I began to feel worried because I didn’t bring an umbrella or raincoat with me when I left home in the morning. It soon started to rain. When I was hurrying home, I heard someone calling me from behind. I turned round and saw it was Li Ping. He had an umbrella and asked me to share it with him. He walked all the way with me until I got home. How thankful I was for his kindness! 书面表达评分标准   一、评分原则: 1.本题总分为20分,按5个档次给分。 2.评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量,确定或调整档次,最后给分。 3.评分时,应注意的主要内容为:内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和正确性、上下文的连贯性及语言的得体性。 4.拼写、书写、标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面,评分时,应视其对交际的影响度予以考虑。 5.英美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。 二、内容要点: 1. feel worried 2. start to rain 3. hurry home / run home 4. share an umbrella 5. be thankful to 三、各档次的给分范围和要求: 第五档 (17—20分):表达清楚,行文连贯,语言正确。(要点全,大错不超过1个。) 第四档 (13—16分):表达基本清楚,行文基本连贯,语言有少量错误。(遗漏1-2个要点,大错不超过3个。) 第三档 (9—12分):语言虽有较多错误,尚能达意。(大错不超过5个) 第二档 (5~8分):能写出基本要点,但语言有较多错误,影响意思表达。(有一、两个与内容相关的句子可读。) 第一档 (0—4分):空白卷或文不对题,或错误百出,不知所云。(只写出与内容相关的单词或短语。) 初中学习网,资料共分享!我们负责传递知识!www.czxxw.com Dates: 30th July — 8th August Mon. — Fri. 10.00 am, 7.00 pm. Sat. — Sun. 10.00 am, 2.00 pm, 7.00 pm. Place: Esplanade Theatre Time period: 90 minutes Ticket prices: $25 per child or adult (day shows) $35 per child or adult (evening shows) Family packages: $60 for 3 tickets (10.00 am, 2.00 pm shows) $84 for 3 tickets (7.00 pm shows) Attentions: Please arrive early. People who are late for the show will not be allowed to enter until a proper break in the shows. Children below 3 will not be allowed in. $ Tel: 6720 - 3468 two I choose watch recent leave have arrive give live

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