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2014届中考英语:《满分训练》21

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Life in the twenty-first century will be very 1 . Many changes will take place, but 2 will the changes be. The population is growing 3 . There will be many 4 in the world and most of them will live 5 than people in the twentieth century. Computers will be much smaller and 6 and there will be at least one in every 7 . And 8 studies will be one of the important subjects in school then. People will work 9 and they will have more free time for sports, watching TV and travelling. 10 will be much easier and cheaper. And many more people will go to 11 countries for holidays. There will be changes in our 12 , too. Maybe no one will eat meat every day, instead, they eat more fruit and vegetables. Maybe people will be 13 . Work in the future will be different, too. 14 and hard work can be done by robots. Because of this, 15 will not have enough work to do .This will be a problem. 1. A. interesting B. hard C. different D. beautiful 2. A. why B. how C. when D. what 3. A. slowly B. fast C. quietly D. suddenly 4. A. people B. workers C. scientists D. doctors 5. A. long B. longer C. happy D. lucky 6. A. more useful B. useful C. helpful D. less useful 7. A. hospital B. factory C. home D. town 8. A. science B. maths C. English D. computer 9. A. fewer hours B. more hours C. eight hours D. more than eight hours 10. A. Seeing doctors B. Going to the cinema C. Shopping D. Travelling 11. A. rich B. other C. poor D. small 12. A. food B. clothes C. fruit D. drinks 13. A. fatter B. thinner C .healthier D. more pleased 14. A. Safe B. Easy C. Simple D. Dangerous 15. A. a few people B. all the people C. many people D. some people 名师点评 本文介绍了二十一世纪我们社会将发生的各种各样的变化,包括就业,饮食等一系列的变化。 答案解析 1. C。以下讲的是二十一世纪发生的一系列的变化,由于变化,生活也就变得与以前不同,故而选C。 2. D。这些变化会是哪些变化呢?What在这里充当的是表语。 3. B。众所周知,人口增长速度很快。 4. A。由上下文可知,这里指人口增多,故选people。 5. B。由于生活条件和习惯的改变,人们寿命将会更长,所以longer为正确选项。 6. A。电脑将发挥更大的作用,故选比较级more useful。 7. C。电脑将走进各家各户。 8. D。这一小节都讲的是电脑,故选D。 9. A。根据下文得知人们将有更多的时间用来娱乐,证明工作时间减少了,故选fewer hours。 10. D。根据下文的for holidays可知这里说的是旅行。 11. B。由于条件好了,更多的人都能够去其他国家旅游了,故选other。 12. A。根据下句得知,这里讲的是饮食变化。 13. C。由于饮食习惯发生变化,人们将更加健康。 14. D。和hard并列的词应选择dangerous。 15. C。因为很多工作都是由机器人来完成,那么许多人也就面临着失业的危险。 41 Many people go to school for an education. 1 learn languages, history, geography, physics, chemistry and maths. Others go to school to learn a skill so that they can 2 a living. School 3 is very important and useful. Yet no one can learn everything from school. A teacher, no matter how much he 4 , can not teach his students everything they 5 to know. The teacher's job is to show his students how to read and how to 6 . So much more is to be learned 7 school by the students themselves. It is always more important to know how to study by 8 than to memorize(熟记)some facts or formula(公式). It is 9 quite easy to learn a 10 fact in history or a formula in mathematics. But it is very difficult to use a formula in 11 out a maths problem. Great scientists, such as Einstein, Newton and Galileo, didn't learn many things from school. But they were all so 12 that they invented so many things for mankind. The 13 for their success is that they knew how to study. They read books that were not 14 at school. They worked hard all their lives, wasting not a single moment. They would ask many questions as they read and they did thousands of 15 . 1. A. Students B. They C. We D. People 2. A. make B. do C. have D. get 3. A. education B. degree C. lesson D. task 4. A. teaches B. knows C. learns D. practises 5. A. manage B. expect C. fail D. want 6. A. study B. play C. think D. work 7. A. From B. in C. within D. outside 8. A. heart B. students C. us D. oneself 9. A. not B. actually C. seldom D. known 10.A. real B. true C. certain D. great 11. A. setting B. working C. making D. doing 12. A. famous B. popular C. successful D. modest 13. A. experiment B. reason C. result D. way 14. A. kept B. showed C. expressed D. taught 15. A. duties B. jobs C. experiments D. records 名师点评 本文讲述了自主学习的重要性。也就是说对于学生而言应该学会如何学习才是更重要的。而对于教师而言,不仅要教学生文化知识,更应教会他们如何学习,正所谓“授之以鱼,不如授之以渔”。 答案解析 1. B。they指上句中的many people。 2. A。make a living意思是“谋生”。这里表示学一门技术来谋生。 3. A。school education 意为“学校教育”。 4. B。意思是“不管他懂多少”。 5. D。表示学生想知道的东西 。 6. C。老师不仅教学生文化知识,更应该教会学生如何思考。 7. D。指应该更多的从校外获取知识。 8. D。study by oneself自学。 9. B。actually副词,“事实上”。actually easy 表示“真的很简单”。 10. C。certain这里指“某一个,固定的”。 11. B。work out意思是“解出”。 12. C。上述的这些人都很成功。 13. B。reason和for搭配,表示“……的原因”。 14. D。被动语态,表示“学校不教的书”。意思是他们获取了很多课外知识。 15. B。这些科学家都做了很多实验。 42 About 70,000,000 Americans are trying to lose weight(减肥). That is almost 1 out of every 3 people in the United States. Some people eat 1 food and they hardly have any fats or sweets. Others do running, exercise with machines, take medicines, or even have operations. 2 you can see losing weight is 3 work, and it will also cost a lot of money. But __4 do so many people in the United States want to lose weight? Many people in the United States worry about their look of the body. For many people, looking nice also means to be 5 . Other people worry about their health as many doctors 6 overweight is not good. Most people want to find an 7 way to take off fat, and books of this kind are very popular. These books tell people how to lose weight. Each year a lot of new books like these are 8 . Each one says it can easily help people take fat away. Losing weight can be 9 . Some overweight people go to health centres, like La Costa in California. Men and women 10 several hundred dollars a day at these health centres. People live there for one week or two, 11 exercise, eating different foods. Meals there may be just a little. All these work for losing weight. __12__ 4 days on the programme, one woman called Mrs. Warren lost 5 pounds (2.27kg). At $ 400 a day, she spent $ 320 to lose each pound. But she said she was still __13__ to do so. Health centres, books, medicines, operations, running and exercise machines all __14__ a lot of money. So in the United States, losing weight may mean losing __15__ too. 1. A. less B. more C. nice D. fast 2. A. For B. So C. Or D. And 3. A. good B. useful C. hard D. easy 4. A. why B. what C. how D. when 5. A. high B. short C. thin D. fat 6. A. talk B. say C. speak D. tell 7. A. dearer B. harder C. shorter D. easier 8. A. taken B. given C. written D. copied 9. A. cheap B. expensive C. easy D. safe 10. A. pay B. cost C. take D. have 11. A. making B. taking C. playing D. using 12. A. Before B. In C. After D. At 13. A. sorry B. angry C. sad D. glad 14. A. need B. have C. use D. get 15. A. health B. time C. food D. money 名师点评 这篇文章讲的是美国有三分之一的人正在努力减肥,他们想尽了一切办法去减轻体重,同时也令他们耗费了不少的金钱。 答案简析 1. A。为了减肥,有些人只吃很少的食物。 2. B。根据上文,得知下面这个结论。所以选so表示因果关系。 3. C。减肥令人们不得不做很多令人痛苦的事,故是一项艰苦的工作。 4. A。下文讲的是人们减肥的原因,所以选why。 5. C。现在很多人都认为想要让自己看上去漂亮就得瘦,正是这种观点促使很多人要减肥。 6. B。这四个词当中只有say 可以直接加说话内容。 7. D。人们都希望减肥能够既快又简单。 8. C。因为很多人都想减肥,所以就有人写这方面的书籍来吸引减肥者。 9. B。根据下文得知减肥有时是一件很昂贵的事。 10. A。 在表示花钱的几个动词中,只有pay 和 spend 的主语为人,这里没有 spend, 故选pay。 11. B。 take exercise意思是“锻炼”。 12. C。 13. D。 虽然昂贵,但她还是很乐意去做。 14. A。 所有这些减肥的项目都是需要花费很多钱的。 15. D。 综上所述,减肥也就意味着失去了很多金钱。 43 When the boys 1 home, it was eleven o’clock. It was dark 2 but there was a light inside their home and the door 3 . They could see a man inside. “Who can 4 be? ” Said Peter. “Mother and Father 5 to do some 6 . They won’t be home 7 eight o’clock. ” When the man saw Peter, he looked 8 . Then he smiled and said. “Come in! You don’t know me, but I’m a friend of 9 .” The man didn’t see John. Peter went inside and began 10 to the man but John didn’t. He quickly but quietly ran off. He soon found a policeman and brought him back 11 home. The man was 12 there, but when he saw the policeman, he tried to run off. The policeman caught him 13 the arm. Just then the boys’ parents 14 . “Is the man your friend?” The policeman asked Mr. Turner . “No, he is a thief. He wanted to steal my money. 15 nice of you to catch him.” 1. A. reached B. arrived at C. goes to D. reached to 2. A. out of B. outside C. outsides D. inside 3. A. opened B. was open C. was opened D. open 4. A. he B. she C. it D. that 5. A. have been B. have gone C. go D. went 6. A. shops B. shopping C. shoppings D. shop 7. A. until B. at C. to D. before 8. A. frightening B. fear C. frightened D. surprised 9. A. your father B. your father’s C. your motherD. your family 10. A. saying B. talking C. speaking D. telling 11. A. to B. to their C. their D. at 12. A. already B. always C. still D. yet 13. A. in B. on C. at D. by 14. A. returned B. returned back C. had returned D. had returned back 15. A. It’s B. This’s C. This is D. So is 名师点评 这是一个两小孩智斗小偷的故事,体现了两个小孩的机智勇敢,随机应变。 答案简析 A。home是副词,前面不加介词。 B。外面天黑。 B。open的形容词还是open,故选 was open, 表状态,意为“敞开着的。 C。没看清对方的性别、容貌,常用it来指代之。 B。 have gone to 表示“去了,还没回来”,have been to 表示“曾经去过”。 B。do some shopping为固定搭配 。 A。固定结构not.…..until意为“直到……才……”。 C。frightened 表示人内心的恐慌和害怕,而frightening则表示某物或某事令人害怕。 B。a friend of one’s 表示“某人的一个朋友”。 B。talk to sb表示“和某人交谈”。而speak to sb, say to sb均表示“对某人讲”。 B。 home如果前面不加冠词或物主代词,它则是副词,不能加to。反之则是名词,必须加to。故选to their home。 C。那个小偷还在,故选still。 D。catch sb by the arm表示“抓住某人的胳膊”。 A。由just then 可知这里应用一般过去时。 A。 44 It is common in English to ask people about their holidays. In the West, many 1 go away on holiday during the summer months, 2 so it is very usual to 3 about this. If the holiday has not 4 taken place, then their holiday plans 5 be talked about. And if it is already over, then where 6 went, whether they 7 it and so on can be discussed. Similar questions are asked 8 some public holidays. 9 living and working in China often 10 opportunities for travel, either at weekends or during 11 holidays, so such kind of 12 lead to fruitful discussions. They may be 13 to know if they have chosen the 14 places, especially those a little less 15 ones. 1. A. factories B. families C. schools D. farms 2. A. but B. and C. because D. for 3. A. ask B. see C. know D. write 4. A. still B. already C. yet D. often 5. A. must B. should C. need D. can 6. A. we B. he C. they D. she 7. A. liked B. followed C. finished D. found 8. A. to B. before C. with D. by 9. A. Visitors B. Foreigners C. Strangers D. Players 10. A. make B. carry C. have D. keep 11. A. his B. her C. their D. its 12. A. Answers B. exercises C. excuses D. Questions 13. A. glad B. interested C. worried D. lucky 14. A. right B. different C. helpful D. terrible 15. A. expensive B. famous C. useful D. friendly 名师点评 天气和假期永远是西方人日常谈论的话题,所以要了解西方文化就必须对他们的节假日有足够的了解。本文为你提供了一些,想必你会对西方的文化有进一步的了解。 答案简析 B。节假日中人们喜欢一家人一起出去游玩。 B。and这里表承接。 A。根据第一句话中的提示。 C。yet用于现在完成时的否定句中,其他词均不可以。 C。在旅游前,人们需要谈论一下计划,故选need 。 C。本文都是以第三人称写的。 A。节假日过后,人们总会互相询问是否喜欢自己的旅行。 B。有时一些相似的问题也会在假日来临之前就被讨论,故选before。 B。这里讲的是外国人的旅游习惯,包括那些在中国工作和生活的外国人。visitors则是片面的,仅指游客,故不选。 C。have opportunities意为“有机会”。 C。与第6题同解。 D。本文是围绕人们问旅游方面的问题展开的,故选questions 。 B。他们对以下的事感兴趣,想知道其中情况,故选B。 A。他们很想知道自己有没有选对地方,故选right 。 B。根据常识,人们一般会认为著名的地方都是正确的选择,所以人们想知道那些不太著名的地方是否是正确的选择。 45 Dear George, Half a year has gone by 1 we said goodbye to each other at the Kaitak airport (飞机场) . Except for 2 hurriedly written notes you have not written to any of your old 3 any letters 4 a few days. We are studying 5 a foreign university, but know 6 of what is going on about you. Last night, John, Tom and I 7 a happy reunion (重聚) in dinner. It was all like the old high school 8 except that you were not in this get together. 9 we all felt 10 you. We then began to talk about you and wondered 11 at that moment. At last we 12 to your health. What kind of life you are living in London? Is your school-work keeping you 13 ? And there are a thousand things we want to 14 . Please tell us. My 15 regards (问候) , also John’s and Tom’s. Your old friend, Tonny A. since B. after C. before D. when A. little B. a little C. few D. a few A. classmates B. friends’ C. comrades’ D. masters’ A. in B. for C. with D. during A. in B. at C. on D. to A. something B. everything C. anything D. nothing A. made B. started C. had D. did A. time B. place C. days D. teaching A. Suddenly B. But C. Or D. And A. to miss B. in missing C. miss D . missing A. what were you doing B. what you were doing C. how were you doing D. how you were doing 12. A. drink B. drank C. had drunk D. was drinking 13. A. busy B. happy C. free D. sorry 14. A. understand B. hear C. see D. know 15. A. good B. better C. best D. well 名师点评 这是一封温馨老友的来信,信中提到了同学的重聚勾起了对往日学校生活和昔日同窗的怀念。 答案简析 A。主句是现在完成时,从句由since引导。 D。a few和few均修饰可数名词,但few表否定。 A。其它三种表达方式错误,这里无需用名词的所有格。 B。for加一段时间用于现在完成时表延续。 A。in a university / at university均可以表示上大学,这里因为已有了a故选in,而不选at。 D。因为好久没通信,所以对George的情况一无所知。 A。have a reunion为固定搭配。 C。想起了过去的日子,故选days。 A。 D。feel doing something表示“感觉……”。 B。宾语从句用陈述语序。 B。根据上下文的时态可知这里用一般过去时。 A。朋友们都想知道学校里的事是否让他很忙。这里可以比较四个选项的意思,再根据上文的意思可知选busy。 D。他们想知道许多关于George的事。 C。my best regards相当于my best wishes 。 46 One will feel happy when others flatter( 奉承) him in his face. It is said that the best way of flattering someone is to give him a “top hat” 1 . A student was going to leave the capital to become 2 official(官员) in a city far away. Before he started, he came to say 3 to his teacher. “It is 4 job to be a good official.” his teacher said. “ you must be strict 5 yourself and never be careless.” “Don’t worry about me, sir.” The student answered. “I have already 6 one hundred top hats, which will 7 those people quite happy.” “But we are really gentlemen! 8 could a real gentleman do such a thing” his teacher was a bit 9 . “Never forget 10 I taught you in class!” “ 11 are always right, sir I also hate such things. But, sir, 12 no one really gentleman like you can be seen in the world now.” said the student. It seemed that he had to do so. After hearing this , the teacher was 13 . “What you said is true!” “I have 14 one top hat already. Now I have ninety-nine 15 .” the student said to his friend later on when he asked the student what he had talked with the teacher about. 1. A. to put on B. putting on C. wearing D to wear 2. A. a B . the C. an D. / 3. A. hello B. good bye C. OK D. thanks 4. A. not an easy B. not easy C. a good D. difficult 5. A. about B. with C. from D. to 6. A. made B. Bought C. prepared D. repaired 7. A. give B. let C. keep D. make 8. A. How B. What C. Why D. When 9. A. anger B. angry C. angrily D. angrily 10. A. that B. how C. why D. what 11.A. You B. We C. They D. Us 12. A. hardly B. about C. almost D. nearly 13. A. disappointed B. pleased C. angry D. sorry 14. A. sent out B. bought C. sold D. borrowed 15. A. left B. already C. yet D. else 名师点评 这是一则幽默,说明许多人都喜欢听奉承话,有的人自以为清高,其实也被戴上“高帽子”, 而自己却不知道。 答案简析 1. D。 wear 表示状态, put on 表示动作。根据结构give sb. sth. to do可知D为正确选项。 2. D。 3. B。 因为要去另一个城市工作了, 故向他的老师道别。 4. A。 想做一个好官员, 应该说是不容易的。 5. B。 be strict with sb 意为“对某人严格要求”。 6. C。 准备了一百个高帽子,其实就是奉承的好话,而不是做或是买了许多高帽子。 7. D。 make sb. happy意为“使某人高兴”。 8. A。 9. B。 这里应该用形容词,表示老师听了他的话有点生气。 10. D。 由what 引导宾语从句,表示不要忘了老师教过的事。 11. A。 You are right表示赞同老师说的话。 12. C。 当出现 no, nothing nobody 等一系列否定词的时候,只能用almost 不能用 nearly。 13. B。 听了奉承话以后, 他很高兴。 14. A。 表示送出了一顶, 而不是买或者卖,与上文相呼应。 15. A。 left 这里表示“剩下的, 剩余的”。 47 “It’s over! Thank goodness!” school was 1 and I was tired. I 2 at the front of the school bus. Janie, the driver, tries to 3 the uncomfortable atmosphere by striking the match of talks. I try to listen 4 , but usually I am too 5 thinking about my day. On this day, however, her talk was worth 6 . “My father’s ill ,” she said to no one in particular(特别地). I could see worry in her 7 . I had never seen her like this before. She always meets students 8 a smile. With a sudden change of interest, I asked, “ what’s wrong with him?” With her eyes wet and her voice 9 , she answered, “Heart trouble.” Her eyes lowered as she continued. “I’ve already 10 my mum, so I don’t think I can stand losing him.” I couldn’t answer. My heart ached for her. I sat on the 11 thinking of the great pain my own mother was thrown into when her father died. I saw how hard it was, and still is, for her. I wouldn’t want to anyone to go through that. Suddenly I realized Janie wasn’t only a bus 12 , that was just her job. She had a whole world of family and cares 13 . I suddenly 14 very selfish. I paid no attention to Janie because she was a bus driver. I had judged her by her job and brushed her off as unimportant. I shouldn’t have been so selfish and self-centered. 15 people is an art. 1. A. in B. off C. over D. on 2. A. ran B. walked C. sat D. stood 3. A. rest B. break C. close D. open 4. A. polite B. rude C. politely D. quickly 5. A. busy B. free C. busily D. freely 6. A. looking at B. agreeing with C. talking to D. listening to 7. A. eyes B. face C. mouth D. ears 8. A. with B. within C. without D. for 9. A. usually B. usual C. unusual D. truly 10.A. remembered B. forgotten C. lost D. missed 11. A. seat B. house C. room D. desk 12. A. worker B. driver C. teacher D. doctor 13. A. also B. either C. too D. at all 14. A. felt B. feel C. thought D. was 15. A. Looking at B. Understanding C. Getting to know D. Watching 名师点评: 通过这则短文,我们知道每个人除了在工作中扮演不同的社会角色外,他还是一个普通的家庭成员,有自己的喜怒哀乐,所以我们应当相互关心,相互爱护,理解他人的苦衷。 答案简析: 1. C。根据上下文Thank goodness、tired的提示,可知是放学了。 2. C。根据第11选项知道他是坐着的,不是站在公共汽车上。 3. B。表示打破沉闷的气氛。 4. C。别人讲话时,你应该有礼貌地去倾听,故选副词politely修饰动词listen。 5. A。be busy doing表示“忙于做某事”。 6. D。根据文章可知,今天她的话却值得一听。 7. A。表示从她眼里可看得出她的担心,而face则应和on搭配。 8. A。with a smile 表示“面带笑容”。 9. C。因为悲伤,所以她的声音和平时有所不同。 10. C。因为她已经失去了母亲,所以不能承受再失去父爱的痛苦。miss表示错过,不表示丢失或失去,故不选。 11. A。坐在座位上。 12. B。我们从文章开始就知道Janie是一个驾驶员 13. C。too用于句末,also 用于句中,而either用于否定句句末。 14. A。“我”突然地觉得自己很自私。 15. B。通过“我”的突然醒悟,告诉人们人与人之间的理解是很重要的。 48 The women’s college had a very small car park, and because several of the teachers and students, and many of the students’ boyfriends, had cars, it was often 1 to find a place to park. The head of the college, Miss Baker, had a 2 in the car park for her own small car. There were white 3 around it, and it had a small blackboard saying, “Only for Head of College.” One evening when Miss Baker got 4 to the college a few minutes before the time all the students should be in, she 5 another car in her parking place. There were two 6 in it, one of her girl students and a young man. Miss Baker 7 that the young man would have to leave soon, 8 she decided to ask him to move his car a bit, for her to park her car in the place for the night 9 going to bed. Because the young man’s car was 10 to the railing, Miss Baker had to drive up beside it on the other 11 , where the girl was sitting. She came up on this side, 12 her own window and tapped her horn lightly. The girl was having her head on the 13 shoulder. She looked round in 14 . She was even more surprised when she 15 Miss Baker say, “Excuse me, but may I change places with you?” 1. A. late B. difficult C. important D. quick 2. A. place B. seat C. room D. card 3. A. pictures B. maps C. lines D. walls 4. A. out B. up C. away D. back 5. A. stopped B. found C. caught D. missed 6. A. boys B. women C. teachers D. people 7. A. said B. forgot C. knew D. waited 8. A. until B. since C. though D. so 9. A. before B. after C. about D .from 10. A. next B. far C. ready D. same 11. A. way B. side C. hand D. corner 12. A. closed B. pulled C. opened D. cleaned 13. A. car’s B. woman’s C. park’s D. man’s 14. A. trouble B. time C. surprise D. hurry 15. A. heard B. learned C. taught D. close 名师点评 在这篇短文里, Miss Baker 用委婉的说法请求别人让出自己的车位,却遭到别人的误解,令人啼笑皆非。 答案简析 1. B。因为停车场小,而车子却多,所以常常很难找到停车位。 2. A。place表示“车位”。room 作为空间讲是不可数名词,故不选。 3. C。用白色的栏杆围着,以示私人专用。 4. D。因为是夜晚,所以是回到学校准备休息了。 5. B。 6. D。由下文得知是一男一女,故选 people。 7. C。因为这是女校,所以她知道这位男士肯定马上要走的。 8. D。因为她知道这个年轻人很快会走,所以她决定请他让出车位。 9. A。表示睡觉前要把车子停好。 10. A。next to 表示“靠近,邻近”。 11. B。 12. C。打开车窗,以便于和那辆汽车里的人讲话。 13. D。 14. C。in surprise表示惊讶,根据下一句more surprised可知这里她的反应是惊讶。 15. A。hear sb. say sth.意思是“听见某人说什么”。 49 Long ago there was a poor farmer called Fred. Fred and his wife, Doris lived 1 together in their small old house. One winter night, the Luck Fairy (仙女) visited them . “Fred, you’re a 2 farmer. I’d like to give you a wish,” said the Luck Fairy. “A wish?” Said Fred. Fred and Doris smiled at each other. Then Fred said, “ Thank you , Luck Fairy. We’re very 3 and happy.” “ 4 we’re old, we still work in the field every day,” said Doris. “You wok very hard but you 5 very little money. Would you like some gold coins ” asked the Luck Fairy. “Oh no , my dear Luck Fairy. We’re poor. But we have 6 food to eat.” Replied Fred. “You can use the gold coin to buy some clothes. The winter here is very cold,” said Luck Fairy. “Though we haven’t got 7 clothes, we’ve got enough,” said Doris. “Well, what about a nice new house?” Asked Luck Fairy. “Thank you, but I 8 my small old house very much. I’ve lived here since I was born. I don’t 9 a new house,” said Fred. “You’re quite different from other people. I like you very much,” said the Luck Fairy. “I wish you happiness and Luck forever.” Then the Luck Fairy 10 and never came back. 1. A. sadly B. happily C. worried D. anxiously 2. A. bad B. lazy C. good D. unhelpful 3. A. healthy B. careful C. difficult D. important 4. A. If B. But C. Because D. Though 5. A. cost B. lose C. make D. borrow 6. A. no B. little C. enough D. expensive 7. A. old B. many C. bad D. clean 8. A. hate B. love C. need D. dislike 9. A. need B. see C. buy D. build 10. A. smiled B. nodded C. laughed D. disappeared 名师点评 这则故事告诉我们,人不必贪心,要懂得知足常乐。 答案简析 1. B。根据下文我们知道,这对夫妇生活得很愉快。 2. C。正因为Fred是一个好农夫,仙女才要奖励他。 3. A。比较这四个词的意思不难发现与happy 并列的是healthy。 4. D。根据still可知选though。虽然他们年纪大了,但仍然能够在田里干活。 5. C。make money意思是“赚钱”。 6. C。根据文意,他们对一切都感到知足,包括食物他们也觉得足够吃了。 7. B。他们没有许多衣服,但对他们来说却已经够穿了。 8. B。 9. A。根据上文,他们喜欢自己的小屋,所以不需要新的。 10. D。根据never come back可知仙女消失了。 50 A thousand years ago, Hong Kong was covered by a thick forest. As more and more people came to 1 in Hong Kong, these trees were cut down and burnt. Now there is 2 forest left, though there are still some small areas(地方) covered with trees. We call these woods. Elephants, tigers and many 3 animals were living in the thick forest. When people came to live in Hong Kong, the 4 began to die out. Early farmers grew rice and 5 pigs and chickens in the valleys. They cut down the trees and burnt them. They needed 6 to keep themselves warm in winter, to cook their food and to keep away the dangerous animals. Elephants quickly disappeared(消失) because there was not enough food for them. 7 did most of the wolves and tigers. Monkeys and many other animals soon 8 in the same way. You might think that there are no longer any animals in Hong Kong 9 in the zoos. There are still about 36 different animals 10 there. One of the most interesting of Hong Kong’s animals is the barking deer. These are beautiful little animals 11 a rich brown coat and a white patch(补丁) under the tail. They look like deer 12 but they are much like a dog 13 . In Hong Kong the barking deer has only a real enemy(敌人)— 14 . People hunt these little animals though it is illegal(违法的). There are now not many barking deer left. So it is important 15 people to protect (保护) wild animals. 1. A. work B. study C. live D. enjoy 2. A. many B. a few C. no D. not 3. A. other B. others C. the other D. another 4. A. people B. animals C. plants D. things 5. A. grew B. made C. got D. kept 6. A. fire B. hotness C. heat D. stoves(炉子) 7. A. So B. Such C. As D. Nor 8. A. lived B. died C. came D. left 9. A. besides B. except C. and D. or 10. A. live B. to live C. lived D. living 11. A. have B. without C. with D. get 12. A. high B. higher C. short D. shorter 13. A. shouting B. crying C. barking D. talking 14. A. tigers B. men C. wolves D. elephants 15. A. to B. for C. like D. of 名师点评 这则短文通过讲述香港的变化来告诫人们要保护森林、爱护动物。 答案简析 1. C。表示有了人的居住后,情况才发生了改变。 2.C。根据下面一句话得知大面积的森林已经消失了。 3. A。many other animals 表示其余的许多种动物,但不代表世界上所有的动物,故不选the other 。 4. B。由于人多了,动物就变少了。 5. D。keep 这里表示“饲养”,而grow意思是“种植”。 6. A。根据后面的取暖、烧饭、驱赶动物,可见这里他们需要的是火。 7. A。“so+助动词+主语”表示“某人(某物)也这样”,这里表示狼和老虎也消失了。 8. B。跟上一句表达同样的意思。 9. B。besides 表示“除了……还有……”,而except“除……之外”。故选except表示除了动物园其它地方就没有动物了。 10. D。There be sb./sth.+ doing 为固定搭配。 11. C。with引导的介宾短语常常用来表示

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