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2014届中考英语:《满分训练》15

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Why do people play football? It’s a(n) 1 game and it’s dangerous too. Twenty-two men fight 2 ninety minutes to make 3 many goals as they can. They get 4 black eyes, bruise (擦伤) and broken bones than they 5 points. Football players must be mad. And why do people watch football? They 6 be mad too. They certainly 7 and scream like 8 . I’m afraid 9 near a football field when they are playing a game. The crowds are 10 . I’d 11 stay at home and watch TV. But what happens when I turn it 12 ? They’re showing a football game. So I turn on the radio. What do I 13 ? The 14 football scores. And what do I see when I open a newspaper? Pictures of football players, interview(采访) with 15 players, scores of football games. 1. A. stupid B. funny C. exciting D. wonderful 2. A. for B. by C. in D. against 3. A. so B. to C. as D. very 4. A. much B. many C. most D. more 5. A. do with B. do C. do for D. did 6. A. mustn’t B. must C. can’t D. can 7. A. cry B. laugh C. run D. shout 8. A. gentlemen B. ladies C. madmen D. madams 9. A. of going B. for going C. to go D. to be going 10. A. happy B. dangerous C. sad D. tired 11. A. rather B. better C. like D. fairly 12. A. off B. down C. up D. on 13. A. listen B. listen to C. hear D. hear of 14. A. late B. latest C. later D. lately 15. A. basketball B. volleyball C. tennis D. football 名师点评 本文用幽默的语气介绍了足球运动在社会上的地位和状况。读完令人感慨,人们真的为足球而疯狂了,足球无所不在。初中完形填空设计选项时,常会用障眼法迷惑学生,如本题中的第8项,解题时一定要小心。 答案简析 C。根据常识,足球是一项令人兴奋的运动,故选exciting。 A。表示段时间的名词前常用介词for。 C。as…as…是一个固定搭配。 D。从than可知,此句应用比较级。 C。do with 是“处理”的意思, 而do for 是“为……而做”的意思,故选C。 B。根据句意应用肯定语气,后面出现了too,显然选B。 D。shout 是“大叫”的意思,和句意相符。 C。根据句意,他们象疯子一样大喊大叫,故选madmen。千万不要眼花看成madams。 A。be afraid of 所接宾语若是可怕的事或物时通常是害怕做某事而引起不好的后果,be afraid to do不敢做某事,故选A。 B。讲述我害怕站在足球场附近的原因,人群太危险了。 A。would rather do“宁愿做某事”,would like和to搭配,had better是“最好”的意思,因此答案是A。 D。turn on 是“打开”的意思,文中是打开电视,故选D。 C。hear表示听到的结果,listen to表示听的动作,故选C。 B。latest是“最近”,“最新”的意思, 符合题义。 D。整篇文章讲的就是关于足球的事,故选D。 67 Soon after Dave left university, one of his uncles, who was 1 and had no children of his own, died and 2 Dave a lot of money, so he decided to 3 his own company. He found a nice 4 , 5 some new furniture(家具)and 6 . He had only been there for a few hours 7 he heard someone come towards the door of his office. “It’s my first 8 ,” he thought. He quickly 9 the telephone, and 10 to be busy 11 an important call from someone in New York who wanted to buy a big and expensive house in the country. The man 12 at the door while seeing this was 13 , came in and waited politely for Dave to finish his 14 , then he said to Dave, “I’m from the telephone company, and I was sent here to 15 your telephone.” 1. A. ill B. rich C. honest D. luck 2. A. gave B. handed C. left D. promised 3. A. set up B. take up C. put up D. make up 4. A. office B. cinema C. theater D. school 5. A. bought B. carried C. managed D. lent 6. A. set in B. moved in C. moved out D. went out 7. A. as B. when C. while D. then 8. A. teacher B. boss C. customer (顾客) D. job 9. A. made up B. took up C. brought up D. pick up 10. A. pretended B. warned C. kept D. looked 11. A. writing B. answering C. calling D. saying 12. A. looked B. knocked C. hit D. waited 13.A. going on B. moving on C. speaking on D. keeping on 14. A. conversation B. gesture (手势) C. smoking D. fixing 15. A. repairing B. connecting C. making D. looking after 名师点评 本文是一篇笑话,故事生动有趣,但读后又不禁感慨万分——自作聪明,终会留下笑柄。 答案简析 B。根据下文left him a lot of money 的提示, 我们可推断他叔叔很富有,故选B 。 C。leave sb. sth. 是“留给某人某物”的意思, 故选C 。 A。set up 是“建立”的意思,take up 是“举起”的意思,put up 是“张贴”的意思, make up 是“打扮”的意思, 根据句意和下文,可知选A。 A。由下文可知选A 。 A。意为“买了些新家具,然后就搬进去了”。 B。move in 是“搬进”的意思。 B。意为“就在这时”。 C。Dave 开公司是为了接待顾客,因此选C 。 D。take up 是“占据”的意思,bring up是“培养”的意思,make up 是“编造”的意思,pick up 是“随意拿起”的意思。 A。假装忙于接一个重要的电话。 B。answer a call 是“回电话”的意思。 B。knock at door是“敲门”的意思。 A。go on 是“继续”的意思, keep on 是“坚持”的意思, 故选A 。 A。他拿起电话显然是讲话, 故选A 。 A。全文的喜剧效果全在于此,很显然电话坏了,需要修理。Dave 只是在假装讲话。 68 Many people think the 1 time is spent, the more work will be done. So students have to spend the whole 2 doing school work except the three meals. Modern students have many 3 . They love sports, computers and music. A 4 holiday can get them away from too much school work, and they can do 5 they like. But still teachers do not think about it. Because students have too much homework, they have no time to 6 themselves. Students are really tired 7 their weekend homework. So they don’t do it 8 Sunday night. And there is not enough time to finish the homework 9 . The poor weekend homework usually makes teachers 10 . Things always get 11 without right ideas. Too much school work makes students lose interest in learning. It’s also bad for their 12 . A horse runs faster after a 13 . But for students only rest is not enough. So such a condition (状况) should be 14 to give students both 15 and knowledge. A. many B. much C. more D. most A. week B. morning C. evening D. day A. interests B. books C. pens D. friends A. two days B. two-days C. two-day D. two-day’s A. that B. if C. what D. when A. learn B. enjoy C. teach D. look after A. with B. of C. at D. for A. in B. on C. after D. until A. carefully B. angrily C. quickly D. fast A. happy B. angry C. worried D. surprised A. Better B. best C. worse D. worst A. eyes B. ideas C. healthy D. health A. meal B. rest C. moment D. while A. changed B. kept C. taught D. made A. food B. pleasure C. money D. time 名师点评 本篇是议论文,讲述了大家共知却又经常被老师所忽略的事实:务必让学生劳逸结合。的确,正如马休息过后可以跑得更快,学生在学习的过程中要适当休息才会学得更好。 答案简析 C。联系下文,the more time,the more work意为“花的时间越多,做的工作就越多”。 D。从本句中的meals可知,指除了一天三餐,整天都花在功课上。 A。从下文可知当今学生有许多兴趣,如,运动,电脑,音乐。 C。固定短语a two-day holiday 或a two days’ holiday。 C。宾语从句,以连词引导what意为“做他们所喜欢的事”。 B。enjoy themselves 。 B。be tired of 对…厌倦。 D。not …until 作业到星期天晚上才做。 A。本句是一个否定句,指学生没有足够的时间去仔细地做作业。 B。学生匆匆忙忙所做的作业当然令老师很恼火。 C。有事与愿违之意。即:不好好策划,事情总会变得更糟糕。 D。太多的作业会使学生对学习失去兴趣,同时对他们的健康也有害。 B。马在休息过后,会跑得更快。 A。总结全文,这种现状必须改变。 B。既给学生知识又给学生娱乐。 69 During the war, an English pilot (飞行员) was hurt. But he was 1 by a group of nuns (修女). He had been very 2 and lost his sense. When he came to himself he was 3 to find a woman beside him. It was Sister Mary. She said to him, “This is a woman hospital. We will 4 you here as long as 5 , but you will have to follow our advice.” The pilot 6 to make himself up for a nurse. He could not talk with the nurses or the nuns. He had to stay in a small room as 7 as possible. He was asked to shave (刮胡子) every day, wearing a beautiful 8 , and the nurse’s uniforms (制服) . It was a very difficult time, however he didn’t feel very 9 especially when one of the nursing girls caught his eyes. She was very quiet, and ran away whenever she saw him looking at 10 . The pilot found 11 fall in love with her. One day he found the nurse working in the kitchen 12 . He went over to her and said, “Please don’t do that. I love you so much.” He started to put his arms 13 the nurse, and then drew back 14 . He found that the nurse was actually 15 pilot saved by the nuns just like himself. A. caught B. saved C. killed D. helped A. lucky B. hungry C. strong D. weak A. angry B. sorry C. surprised D. worried A. hide B. put C. take D. stop A. possible B. able C. possibly D. need A. decided B. liked C. agreed D. asked A. soon B. much C. early D. late A. clothes B. cap C. shoes D. sweater A. lonely B. alone C. hungry D. hungrily A. him B. me C. her D. she A. her B. him C. herself D. himself A. lonely B. loudly C. happily D. alone A. behind B. in front of C. around D. on A. happily B. sadly C. in surprise D. in danger A. another B. the other C. others D. the others 名师点评 这是一个关于战争的幽默,特殊的环境赋予了故事特殊的意义。读完后我们会笑,但更会感到悲哀,为那个飞行员,更为那个战争。 答案简析 B。根据上下文的联系,指飞行员被救。 D。他受了伤,当然应该很虚弱。而不可能是lucky,hungry,strong . C。按常理,人苏醒之后都会有吃惊的感觉。其他都非正常感觉。 A。把飞行员藏在这里,其余的动词都不准确。 A。as long as possible 固定短语“尽可能长”。 C。也只好答应人家的要求。 B。意为“尽可能多地呆在小房间里”。其他的选项虽没有语法错误,但不符合意思。 B。clothes与 shoes 都是复数形式,不可能用在这里,sweater一般穿在里面,起不到伪装的作用。cap 最适当,因为护士都戴护士帽。 A。虽然总是一个人,但倒也不感到孤单。 C。飞行员看着“她”,用宾格 D。飞行员发现自己爱上了这个女孩子。 D。“她”独自一人,才可以向“她”表明心迹。Lonely“孤单地” alone“独自一人地” C。抻出手臂抱着“她” C。这时他才发现真相,所以很吃惊地把手缩了回 A。another 另一个,the other 其他所有的,others别的人 70 Crocodiles (鳄鱼) 1 their eggs and leave them under leaves or sand. Baby crocodiles use their teeth 2 their way out of the shells (壳). Crocodiles only live 3 it is hot. They are found in Australia 4 America. They spend most of 5 time lying around in the rivers. The crocodiles’ long tail 6 when the animal is swimming. It is an excellent weapon(武器). It 7 be used to strike (打击) the 8 . One blow will knock 9 a man or even a big animal at 10 . The crocodile has a hard neck. It cannot turn its 11 from side to side and so it can 12 see in front of itself. The crocodile has its teeth 13 by the crocodile bird. For its food this bird takes the bits in the crocodile’s mouth. This helps the crocodile a lot 14 it cannot move its tongue up and down. 15 its terrible teeth it catches its food. The food may be a fish, an animal, or even a careless man. 1. A. lay B. lie C. lain D. lying A. to feel B. to turn C. to break D. to rush A. when B. while C. where D. if A. as B. and C. but D. so A. its B. hot C. their D. cold A. is used B. for help C. very useful D. be helpful A. should B. can C. need D. must A. friend B. enemy C. student D. family A. soon B. far C. up D. down A. most B. best C. once D. worst A. tail B. head C. eyes D. body A. not only B. still C. even D. only A. pulled B. cleaned C. taken D. brushed A. because B. so C. if D. whether A. Under B. Between C. For D. With 名师点评 这篇文章主要讲述了鳄鱼的生活习性,你也许会感叹:大自然太神奇了!如果鳄鱼没有长长的尾巴,它拿什么作武器?如果鳄鱼能转动它的舌头,那鳄鱼鸟怎么生存? 答案简析 1. A。lay eggs产卵,下蛋lay-laid-laid。lie躺,位于lie-lay-lain,说谎lie-lied-lied。 2. C。小鳄鱼破壳而出。 3. C。鳄鱼住在热的地方。where引导地点状语。 4. B。 5. C。与前面的They对应。 6. A。被用来。其他的选项有语法错误。 7. B。can 表示一种能力,意为它的尾巴能用来攻击。 8. B。敌人。 9. D。knock down 撞倒。 10. C。at most最多,at the best处于最佳状态,at once立刻,马上。根据意思应为“立刻把一个大的动物击倒”。 11. B。根据上文脖子硬,那当然是头不能转动,而不可能是尾巴,眼睛或身体。 12. D。而头不能转动,就意味着只能看前方的东西。 13. B。have sth. done 让某事被做。Have its teeth cleaned 让鳄鱼鸟给它清洗牙齿。 14. A。根据上下文之间的联系,这里是陈述为什么对它有帮助的原因,因此用because。 15. D。固定搭配,意为“用牙齿”。 71 Granny Sarya lived outside Moscow. Her only son 1 to Afghanistan(阿富汗) and was killed in action there.Soon after that, her husband lost his job. The old man was always 2 food and clothes.And on a winter night he went out alone when Sarya was asleep. The next morning he was 3 dead in a cold lake. And his worn-out coat was 4 in a tree not far away. Sarya was so 5 that she nearly took her own life. Things got worse and worse after that. She always lived in hunger and cold. She had hoped that the government(政府) could help her but she 6 . It was a cold windy night. The old woman couldn't 7 asleep at all. She had to get up. She decided to write a letter to God(神), asking for 8 . She wished God to give her 100 rubles (卢布), so she could buy some food for herself. When she 9 writing it, she found she had no 10 . She had to put the 11 at a crossing. 12 the next morning a policeman found the letter. He read it to his comrades.They were all so 13 that they gathered some rubles and sent them to the poor old woman. At first Granny Sarya was happy. But after she 14 the money, she became 15 and said, “I'm told that all things that are touched by the policeman will be only a half left!” 1. A. sent B. ran away C. was sent D. escaped 2. A. worried about  B. pleased with           C. thinking about          D. hearing of 3. A. known             B. found          C. told                  D. fallen 4. A. put        B. hanged       C. shown          D. hung 5. A. sad                 B. happy                 C. tired                 D. clever 6. A. succeeded       B. failed          C. won         D. lost 7. A. go              B. fall     C. get       D. help 8. A. coats      B. food          C. houses     D. help 9. A. ended        B. started     C. finished    D. enjoyed 10.A. stamp       B. money        C. pen        D. paper 11.A. food         B. letter        C. coat        D. rubles 12.A. Badly         B. Carefully     C. Luckily   D. Wonderfully 13.A. excited       B. moved            C. amazed    D. surprised 14.A. saw         B. received       C. gave       D. counted 15.A. angry     B. thankful     C. helpful   D. worried 名师点评 这是一个黑色幽默,饥寒交迫的老妇,万般无奈,只好求助于上帝,帮助她的不是上帝而是警察,可警察在人们心中的印象却是“凡被警察碰过的只有一半被留下”,可悲! 答案简析 C。被派去打仗了,要用被动语态。 A。于是,老人总为自己的衣、食而担心。C很具有迷惑性。但它的意思指“考虑”,没有A准确。 B。第二天,他被发现死在冰冷的湖里。 D。他的衣服被挂在树上。hang – hanged –hanged 此时的hang 作“绞死”讲,hang – hung –hung 意为“悬挂”。 A。儿子死了,丈夫没有了,此时她的心情唯有sad来描述。 B。从but可知政府没有帮助她。fail“没成功”。 B。fall asleep 固定短语,入睡。 D。她需要食物,衣服,但不可以选A,B,C,而D的外延最广,她需要帮助。 C。finish writing 写完信。 A。发现自己没有邮票。从常识不难推断。 B。上文所提及的那封信。 C。这是一个巧合,当然对于老妇来说更是一种幸运。所以其他选项不符合意思。 B。警察们被信的内容所感动。其他选项都不是他们看信后的心情。 D。开始老人看到钱,当然很高兴,但开始数钱时,她不是这样想了。 A。她认为警察把她的钱也给拿走了一半,所以生气。 72   When it was over 20 years ago, I first met Mr. Andrews, my old headmaster. During the war (战争) I was studying at school in the north of England. My 1 had just returned to London, and there were not 2  schools left for children. My father had to go from one school to another, trying to  3 them to take me as a pupil. We had  4  to all the schools near our home, but no one would take me.  5 , we went to a school about five kilometers  6  form home. The headmaster kept us waiting for at least  7 . I could hear boys playing on the playground outside. When the headmaster's secretary (秘书) let us  8  his office, Mr. Andrews said,"  9  do you want to come here?" I had  10  of saying something about studying,  11 now I couldn't remember anything, only thought of the boys playing outside. "I don't know  12 in London," I said. "I'd like to play with  13 boys. I'll read a lot of books, too." "All right," Mr. Andrews said. "We have one seat  14 ." My two years at that school were  15  the happiest of my life. 1. A. school B. family C. friends D. parents 2. A. good     B. helpful    C. cheap   D. enough 3. A. make    B. hope    C. ask    D. let 4. A. been    B. gone    C. walked   D. got 5. A. In the end   B. At first   C. At once   D. By then 6. A. far     B. away    C. back    D. down 7. A. a while    B. a minute    C. an hour    D. a day 8. A. in    B. to     C. inside    D. into 9. A. What     B. When   C. Why    D. How 10. A. remembered B. thought    C. found   D. heard 11. A. but     B. and     C. though    D. so 12. A. anyone    B. someone   C. everyone   D. no one 13. A. others     B. other    C. the others   D. the other 14. A. more    B. free    C. each    D. only 15. A. under   B. inside   C. above  D. among 名师点评 文章介绍了自己二十多年前,第一次遇到他的老校长的经历。应当说是一个很平凡的经历。但却深深地印在作者的脑海中,也许是因为它太平凡,也许是因为它是作者生活的转折点,也许……其实生活本来就是由无数个平凡所组成的。 答案简析 1. B。根据常识,应该是小孩随家人一起回到London。 2. D。上文提及到因为战争,所以没有足够的学校供孩子们。 3. C。无论是从意思上或语法上看,只有用ask,意为“请求他们把我收下”。let sb. do sth. , make sb. do sth. 没有 hope sb. to do sth.。 4. A。had been too“去过”,had gone to“已经去了”,这是初中部分很重要的两个词组,中国学生特别容易混淆。而这里的意思说“我们去过我家附近的所有的学校。” 5. A。in the end 最终,at first 起初,at once 立刻,by then到那时为止。根据意思当然选A。 6. B。five kilometers away from home 离家5公里处。这里很多学生会选far,事实上我们只能用副词away。 7. C。从at least可知不选A或B,但根据上下文可知也不可能选D,c 最恰如其分 8. D。这里强调“让我们走进他的办公室”。 9. C。根据常识可知。 10. B。由此可见作者知道校长大多要问这样的问题,也想出了一些回答方法。think of “想出”。 11. A。从上下文的意思看是转折关系。 12. A。此处只有用anyone,意为“谁也不认识”。 13. B。 A和C绝不能用,因为后面有名词boys, the other表示“其他所有的男孩”,故也不能选。 14. B。意为“还有空位子”。 15. D。among the happiest of my life 意为“是我一生中最快乐的时候的一部分”。其他介词都不对。 73 Ballpoint pens have made life easier for millions of people. At one time 1 did not like their students to 2 with pen. Perhaps it was because pens can leak(漏) and it is 3 to spill(溢出) the ink. And it is hard to write on thin or cheap paper with them. Ladislao Biro 4 for a newspaper in Budapest. He spent all day 5 his desk. Day in and day out, he corrected 6 of thin, cheap paper with a pen and ink. He often had to stop to 7 his pen and it did not write 8 on the thin paper. He and his brother George 9 some experiments. They wanted a pen that did not leak, with ink that did not spill. Why not 10 a little ball at the end? Two Englishmen, Henry Martin and Frederick Miles, like the 11 .It was the 12 of the Second World War. The Air Force 13 a non-leak, non-spill pen for the men to write with in 14 . Martin and Miles made and 15 many thousands of Biro “writing-sticks” to the Air Force. 1. A. factories B. schools C. shops D. restaurants 2. A. play B. write C. come D. meet 3. A. easy B. hard C. free D. popular 4. A. left B. waited C. looked D. worked 5. A. on B. near C. at D. in 6. A. mistake B. books C. pages D. diaries 7. A. mend B. fill C. brush D. change 8. A. well B. down C. out D. up 9. A. kept B. finished C. began D. studied 10.A. find B. wear C . grow D. use 11.A. matter B. result C. meaning D. idea 12.A. day B. time C. break D. year 13.A. bought B. took C. needed D. preferred 14.A. planes B. ships C. trains D. buses 15.A. sold B. lent C. moved D. passed 名师点评 这是一篇关于圆珠笔怎样发明使用的文章。由于钢笔易漏水给工作带来了许多不方便,通读此文,你就会明白圆珠笔在什么情况下发明推广使用。结合圆珠笔使用的方便和有关历史知识,能顺利完成短文。 答案简析 1. B。从上下文判断应选B。 2. B。用笔写可用“write with pens”来表达。 3. A。钢笔里的墨水容易从笔管溢出来,所以选A。 4. D。指他在为一家报社工作。 5. C。at one’s desk意思是“坐在桌前”。 6. C。批改文稿可用correct pages来表达。 7. B。往笔里装墨水可用fill the pen with ink。这里省略了with ink.。 8. A。用副词well修饰动词write。 9. C。由于他发现用钢笔写有麻烦,所以他和朋友开始做实验,想更好的方法。 10 .D。Why not +动词原形。 11. D。他们喜欢他的设想。 12. B。the time of 表示“……的时候”。 13. C。指当时空军正需要这样的笔。 14. A。句意理解和实际判断想结合。 15. A。他们生产并销售圆珠笔供空军使用,故选sold。 74 The generation gap(代沟)has become a 1 problem. I read a 2 about it in the newspaper. Some children have killed themselves after quarrels(争吵)with 3 . I think this is because they don't often have a talk with each other. Parents now 4 more time in the office, 5 they don't have much time to 6 with their children. As time passes, they 7 feel that they don't have the 8 topics(话题)to talk 9 . I want to tell parents to be more with your 10 , get to know them and 11 them. And for children, show your 12 to your parents. They are the people who 13 you. So 14 them your thoughts(想法). In this way, you 15 have a better understanding of each other. 1. A. serious B. wonderful C. necessary D. thankful 2. A. message B. call C. report D. letter 3. A. friends B. teachers C. classmates D. parents 4. A. spend B. stay C. work D. have 5. A. because B. if C. but D. so 6. A. study B. do C. stay D. shop 7. A. neither B. either C. all D. both 8. A. interesting B. same C. true D. good 9. A. about B. of C. in D. above 10. A. business B. children C. work D. office 11. A. get on with B. look after C. understand D. love 12. A. interest B. secret C. trouble D. feelings 13. A. hate B. love C. live D. speak 14. A. tell B. ask C. answer D. say 15. A. can B. should C. must D. would 名师点评 这篇文章讲的是关于大家都知道但都不知道该如何处理的一个问题——代沟。代沟时时处处都有,怎样对待它?作者给了我们一点较好的建议,相互理解,换位思考,相信这个世界一定会变得更美丽。 答案简析 A。很显然代沟已经是一个很严重的问题。 C。从下文可知这是报纸上的一篇报道。 D。这篇文章是关于代沟的问题,所以应该是孩子和父母吵架后自杀,而不是和其他人。 A。stay, work 不可能与time组成词组,have time不符合上下文的意思。因此用spend,意为把更多的时间花在工作上。 D。本句与下文的关系是因果关系。 C。本句意为“因此就没有许多时间和小孩呆在一起,这样就会产生代沟”(与文章所谈论的话题相符)。所以不可能选其他选项。 D。指父母与小孩双方都有这样的感觉。 B。没有共同的话题。其他选项虽无语法错误,但不符合文章的意思。 A。the same topics to talk about,这里动词不定式充当定语修,饰前面的名词,同时the same topics又是about的宾语。意为所谈论的话题。 B。当然应是多和小孩子一起。 C。这几个词组放在这儿都没有语法错误,父母一般说来都要和小孩相处(A)、照顾他们(B)、爱他们(D),但作者的意思是父母要理解小孩。 D。把自己的感觉告诉给父母。 B。从常识不难推断。意为“他们是爱你们的人”。 A。把你们的内心所想告诉他们。say在这里有语法错误,ask与answer意思不对。 A。这样你们才会更好地相互理解。这里强调“会,能”,故用can 。 75 Paris has a beautiful name, the City of 1 . Do you know 2 it means? Many beautiful buildings are lighted at 3 .The streets are very 4 .When you 5 in Paris, you must not turn 6 your headlights (汽车前灯)even after dark. Paris is full of life all day and all night. But this is not the 7 reason(原因)for its beautiful name. For hundreds of years, Paris has been the centre of science and art. 8 scientists and artists have come to 9 here. For this reason also, people 10 it the City of Lights. 1. A. Flowers B. Cars C. Lights D. Rivers 2. A. what B. how C. where D. when 3. A. noon B. night C. day D. evening 4. A. black B. dark C. noisy D. bright 5. A. walk B. go C. drive D. live 6. A. off B. down C. out D. on 7. A. only B. other C. any D. another 8. A. No B. Few C. Many D.A few 9. A. study B. drive C. play D. have dinner 10. A. make B. call C. build D. find 名师点评 这是一篇描述巴黎景观的短文,文章抓住了该城的一个特色——灯城来展开描述,虽只有两段文字,却包含了丰富的内涵 。 答案简析 1. C。看文章的首句和尾句之后,此空便可迎刃而解。 2. A。"what...mean"这是习惯性搭配。 3. B。灯要在夜里开,evening虽为"晚上"之意,但不可与at搭配。 4. D。顺承上文华灯竞开,自然亮如白昼。 5. C。不看下一句,似乎4个选项均成立,但下文提到车灯,自然应 选驾车。 6. D。由于街上十分明亮, 即使天黑了也不必开车灯。 7. A。文章最后又提出一个原因, 说明不是唯一的原因才对。 8. C。 从上文可知用many。 9. A。由于巴黎乃世界科学和艺术中心, 因此吸引了许多科学家和艺术家来此学习和研究。 10. B。习惯用法。注意最后的lights显然不是指具体的灯,而是指"显赫人物;名家;名流"。 76 Football is, I do think, the most favourite game in England: one has only to go to one of the important 1 to see this. Rich and poor, young and old, one can see them all there 2 for one side or the 3 .To a stranger(陌生人),one of the most surprising things about football in 4 is the great knowledge of the game which 5 the smallest boy seems to have. He can tell you the names of the 6 in most of the important teams, he has 7 of them and knows the results of large numbers of matches. He will tell you who he 8 will win such a match, and his ideas about 9 are usually as good as those of men three or four times his 10 . 1. A. cities B. matches C. teams D. places 2.A. waiting B. looking C. asking D. shouting 3.A. other B. same C. team D. players 4.A. China B. the USA C. England D. Canada 5.A. all B. hardly C. only D. even 6A. players B. cities C. countries D. matches 7.A. names B. pictures C. heard D. thought 8.A. says B. asks C. decides D. hopes 9.A. England B. players C. football D. men 10.A. ideas B. age C. stories D. education 名师点评 这是一篇以情景推理的语境题目为主的完形填空,它谈到了英国人对足球的狂热程度,这方面背景知识的 了解会大大有助于该题的解答。全文内容紧密结合英美人生活实际,足球乃世界第一大球,在英国,人们日常生活的话题除了天气之外, 大概谈的最多的就是足球了,只要理解了这一点,结合上下文的语言环境,分析好句法关系,应该能够应付自如。 答案简析 1. B。从to see this和常理可以判断出去看的是比赛,而非其他。 2. D。指球迷们激动的场面:大声叫喊。 3. A。看球的人为一方或另一方而呐喊助威, 这种球迷的狂热劲应有所闻,也不难理解。 4. C。短文讲的就是英国人对足球的狂热。 5. D。在这个长句中,主语one后带有一个"of"短语,而表语后带有 "of短语+定语从句",文章首 句已点明本文谈的是英国,对一个陌生人来说,英国足球最让人拍案称奇的是,甚至小孩子也会对足球知之甚多。 6. A。指球队队员。 7. B。这是一个由三个分句连接的并列句,tell,has, knows的内容 根据常识不难判断,这就是说这 些小孩子能告诉你大多数重要球队所有队员的名字,而且还有他们的照片,知道许多场比赛的结果。 8. D。他们希望哪个队会赢。 9. C。从上下文便知。 10. B。这是一个包含两个复杂分句的并列句, 中间由and连接,填空处8 he hopes系插入语,即He will tell you(he hopes) who will win...;后一分句是包含同级比较be as good as的句子。9空处指"评球 "才合适,全句意为:他会告诉你,他希望这场那场比赛中谁赢,而他关于足球的观点通常同成年人一样好, 那些成年人的年龄比他们大两、三倍。 77 Do you know how to study better and make your study more effective(有效的) We all know that Chinese students usually study very hard for long 1 . This is very good, but it doesn’t 2 a lot, for an effective students must have enough sleep, enough food and enough rest and exercise. Every day you need to go out for a walk or visit some friends or some nice places. It’s good for your study. When you return 3 your studies, your mind will be refreshed(清醒) and you’ll learn more 4 study better. Psychologists(心理学家) 5 that learning takes place in this way. Here take English learning 6 an example. First you make a lot of progress and you feel happy. Then your language study seems 7 the same. So you will think you’re learning 8 and you may give up. This can last for days or every weeks, yet you needn’t give up. At some point your language study will again take another big 9 . You’ll see that you really have been learning all along. If you get enough sleep, food, rest and exercise, studying English can be very effective and 10 . Don’t give up along the way. Learn slowly and you’re sure to get a good result. 1. A. days B. time C. hours D. weeks 2. A. help B. give C .make D. take 3. A. after B. for C. at D. to 4. A. yet B. and C. or D. but 5. A. have found B. have t

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