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2014届中考英语:《满分训练》11

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2014届中考英语考前增分训练11 Many of you are studying English and you may be 1 why it is so difficult to learn. It's actually not too difficult to learn 2 you know some 3 about the language and culture that it reflects (反映). Perhaps the first thing you need to know about English is that it is made up of several other languages 4 French, German, Latin, Greek and AngloSaxon. In addition, there are words 5 Spanish in English and many American Indian words and names, even some Chinese and Japanese 6 can be found in the English language. This borrowing of words 7 other languages is 8 of the key reasons 9 some of the difficulties that people meet with (遇到) 10 they are learning English. 1. A. knowing B. wondering C. earning D. hearing 2. A. but B. and C. if D. unless 3. A. news B. facts C. truth D. information 4. A. such as B. the same as C. so as D. for example 5. A. in B. off C. of D. from 6. A. words B. culture C. language D. letters 7. A. for B. to C. from D. out 8. A. that B. something C. one D. this 9. A. why B. if C. what D. for 10. A. when B. before C. after D. while 名师点评 这是一段论述英语词汇是由哪几方面的因素构成的说明文。文中介绍英语词汇和哪些语言有联系。 答案简析 1. B。想知道原因。 2. C。用if表示假设。 3. D。some information 为“一些语言信息”。information是不可数名词。 4. A。对组成部分的列举用such as。 5. D。from表示来“自于……”, “选自于……”。 6. A。句意理解题.中文和日文是English and Japanese words。 7. C。同5。 8. C 。one of 表示……之一。 9. A。此句是定语从句,连接词是why。 10. D。由于此句用的是进行时,故用while。 48 Mr. Jackson was on duty that evening. It was 1 and there was thick snow outside. So 2 people came to the hospital and he could __3 on the bed in his office and soon he went to 4 . Suddenly someone knocked at the door and it woke him up. He got up and 5 the door. In went an old man. His wife was 6 and he asked the doctor to go to look her over. It was still 7 when Mr. Jackson came out. The old farmer walked fast and he hardly 8 him. It was difficult for him to walk on the snowy roads. When he got to the man’s house, he was very 9 . He looked over the old woman and found she had a bad cold. He gave her some 10 and began to return to the hospital. The wind was blowing strongly and he had to walk 11 so that he wouldn’t fall over. And when he was near the hospital, he had a 12 in his foot. He walked slowly and at last he went into his office, He 13 his shoe and looked at his foot. There was much blood (血) on it. He 14 he stepped on (踩) a broken bottle. He looked at his shoe carefully and said to 15 , “Luckily, it didn’t prick(扎)my shoe!” 1. A. hot B. warm C. cool D. cold 2. A. few B. a few C. some D. many 3. A. play B. dance C. lie down D. sit down 4. A. work B. sleep C. study D. write 5. A. closed B. mended C. opened D. broke 6. A. healthy B. strong C. weak D. ill 7. A. snowing B. shining C. raining D. singing 8. A. got on well with B. caught up with C. looked after D. listened to 9. A. sorry B. afraid C. strange D. tired 10. A. medicine B. food C. water D. sugar 11. A. quickly B. carefully C. noisily D. heavily 12. A. hole B. sock C. pain D. pill 13. A. took off B. put up C. burnt D. sold 14. A. forgot B. remembered C. understood D. was told 15. A. him B. her C. them D. himself 名师点评 这篇短文讲的是一个好心的医生在下雪的夜里出诊,由于天黑和匆忙的缘故,他把自己的脚扎伤了,而他却幽默地安慰自己——幸好鞋子没扎坏。 答案简析 1. D。根据下文的下雪,故得知是一个寒冷的天气。 2. A。由于天气的缘故,几乎无人在晚上出来看病。few和little都表示否定,但little用来修饰不可数名词,故不选。 3. C。没有病人,医生便躺下休息了。 4. B。go to sleep 表示“睡着”。 5. C。 6. D。因为生病才要请医生。而weak只表示虚弱,未必就得看医生。 7. A。根据上文的天气情况可知外面仍在下雪。 8. B。catch up意思是“跟上,赶上”。 9. D。因为下雪路面不好行走,再加上走得快,所以走得很累。 10. A。医生看完病后,一定会开药。 11. B。路很难走,所以不得不小心。 12. C。根据下文他的脚流血了,证明这里他应该感到疼痛。 13. A。根据文意,他是在脱掉鞋子检查自己的脚。 14. B。 15. D。这里别无他人,故他是 say to himself。 49 A few minutes before six o’clock, Mr. Smith began to leave. He was about to start the car when a gunman (持枪者) 1 up from the back seat. He 2 a gun to Mr. Smith’s head,“Drive me to Paris!” he shouted. “All right”Mr. Smith answered. He started the engine (发动机), pulled away from the side of the street and 3 down. Being 81 years old, he knew he could not 4 the gunman. He knew he needed help. Where were the police? As he drove 5 each crossing, he looked up and down the side streets, hoping to meet a police car. But he could see 6 .“Just my luck,” he thought. “If I was 7 too fast, there would be a police car on every corner.” 8 he pushed his foot down on the accelerator, and the car ran 9 faster. “What are you doing?” shouted the gunman.“Keeping off the police.” Mr. Smith answered.“I thought I saw a police car 10 there.” He ran red lights, drove wrong on one-way streets. On the two-way streets, he drove on the wrong 11 of the road. Not one of the policemen saw him. Again Mr. Smith’s plan was not working. He had to try a 12 plan. He 13 a corner and saw the police station in front. Then he drove his car as fast as he could towards the police gate. The car hit a police motorbike down and stopped. Mr. Smith shouted,“Help! Help!”Then he 14 back to grab the man’s gun. At the same time the policemen heard the 15 and quickly caught the gunman. 1. A. woke B. sat C. stood D. jumped 2. A. brought B. pointed C. held D. carried 3. A. drove B. left C. took D. pushed 4. A. fight B. lift C. keep D. hit 5. A. around B. over C. through D. towards 6. A. somebody B. anybody C. everybody D. nobody 7. A. driving B. moving C. getting D. walking 8. A. Slowly B. Suddenly C. Quietly D. Carefully 9. A. more B. much C. very D. quite 10. A. front B. near C. below D. back 11. A. street B. way C. side D. corner 12. A. new B. safe C. hard D. nice 13. A. found B. turned C. stopped at D. arrived at 14. A. got B. looked C. turned D. came 15. A. sound B. man C. voice D. noise 名师点评 本文介绍了八旬老人Mr. Smith智斗歹徒的故事,故事情节扣人心弦,开始大家都会为老人捏一把汗,最后,大家又会情不自禁地佩服老人的机智与勇敢。 答案简析 D。本题考查这四个词组的意思和用法,wake up 是“醒来”的意思,sit up是“熬夜”的意思,stand up是“站起”的意思,jump up是“跳出来”,“突然出现”的意思。根据句意,可知选D比较合适。 B。从四个选项看,歹徒拿出枪显然是指着他, 故选B。 A。根据句意是叫他把车开走,四个词组只有A是这个意思。 A。意为和持枪者搏斗。 A。本题考查这四个介词的用法,根据词义选A。 D。根据上文可知,他没看见任何人,答案选D。 A。Mr. Smith是开着车的,因此四个答案中A为正确答案。 B。根据后文提示,他踩油门后车子开得更快了,显然他是突然加大了油门,选B 。 B。much修饰比较级,其他几个词不可修饰比较级。 B。 “在那附近”。 C。街道的两边应用side这个词。 A。根据句意,Mr. Smith在一计不成后又生一计, 选A。 B。根据意思,应是在他转个弯之后才看见了交警。 C。本题的难点在于look back to 和turn back to 的用法,两个词组的意思分别是“回头”和“转身”的意思,再联系下文,他显然是转身想抓住歹徒, 故选C。 D。发生冲突后应产生打闹的噪音,故选D 最恰当。 50 It is a thousand kilometers across that desert (沙漠). The road is 1 nearly all the way. Sometimes there is a deep sand. A driver must then put his foot down hard and drive through! There are three small 2 along the way. Vick reached the first place at ten o'clock p. m. He had his 3 in a little restaurant (餐馆) there. It was a warm 4 in August. Vick wanted to 5 through the night. The nights are warm enough in August, but the days are very, very 6 . He left the restaurant at 11: 30 and drove over 7 hours. There wasn't a moon, but the 8 were wonderful. There was nothing else on die road. Vick thought, "It's an empty desert. No tree, house, man. " He could 9 the endless, white road in the car's headlights(车灯). A million stars looked down on him. It was two o'clock in the morning. Vick stopped the car. He was two hundred kilometers from the 10 town: "I'll light the cooker( 炊具)," he thought, "and make some tea. " He got out of the car. He heard some sounds, ten or fifteen meters 11 . He could not see anything in the darkness(黑暗). A man said, "Good morning. It's a 12 morning, isn't it?" The man came forward (向前),out of the darkness; out of the desert. Vick did not move. The man said, "You are going to 13 some tea, aren't you? I often get a cup of tea at this time. It’s two o’clock. Cars always 14 near here at this time. Sometimes I get a 15 . Now listen, and I'll tell you a story. Then you'll give me…" 1. A. short B. good C. busy D. well 2. A. cities B. hotels C. villages D. towns 3. A. tea B. supper C. lunch D. breakfast 4. A. night B. day C. season D. month 5. A. live B. stay C. drive D. walk 6. A. cold B. cool C. hot D. warm 7. A. two B. seven C. ten D. fourteen 8. A. trees B. animals C. stars D. clouds 9. A. see B. ride C. pass D. find 10. A. home B. other C. next D. last 11. A. about B. from C. far D. away 12. A. noisy B. lovely C. sleepy D. sunny 13. A. eat B. make C. cook D. drink 14. A. leave B. stop C. meet D. run 15. A. bread B. car C. rest D. meal 名师点评 这是关于一个司机独自一人在茫茫沙漠中开车的故事,它着重描写了沙漠的荒无人烟,表达了主人公的孤单与艰辛,而如果这时在黑暗中真的走出一个人来,那会怎样呢?- 答案简析 A。沙漠中的路不可能好(从下文也可知)或繁忙,所以只有用short,well有语法错误。 D。从下文可知。 B。下午十点钟当然是吃晚饭。 A。上下文都可看出这时是夜晚。 C。从下文可看出他想趁着天不太热开车。 C。从常理和but一词可知白天天气很热。 A。从上文的11:30和下文的2:00很容易推断出。 C。天上没有月亮,但是有星星。其他选项天上不可能有。 A。除了天上的星星,他还能看到的那就是车灯下无边无际的白茫茫的路。不能用find,因为意思不符合。 C。下一个城镇是他的下一个目标。 D。fifteen meters away 距……远。 B。只有选lovely 。 B。make tea 泡茶。 B。常有司机把车停在这儿。 D。有时不仅仅可以喝到茶,还能吃一餐呢。Bread是不可数名词。 51 A thirsty bee went to a river to drink. As it was drinking, the bee was 1 away by the running water. A kind bird saw that the bee was in 2 . It picked 3 off a tree and threw 4 into the water in front of the bee. The bee climbed 5 the leaf, and it was brought 6 to the land. The bee thanked the bee a lot and then 7 . Not 8 that, the bird was sitting 9 the branch of a tree. It did not know that a man was shooting at it. But the bee saw 10 the man was doing. So it flew into the man’s 11 and stung(刺蜇) him. The 12 in the man’s eye was so great that he was not able to 13 the bird, and the bird flew away. 14 the bee, 15 life had been saved by the bird, was able to save the life of the bird. 1. A. flying B. brought C. flowing D. carried 2. A. trouble B. a trouble C. danger D. dangerous 3. A. a leaf B. leaves C. leaf D. the leaf 4. A. them B. one C. it D. this 5. A. onto B. on C. to D. at 6. A. safety B. safe C. saved D. safely 7. A. climbed away B. ran away C. flew away D. got away 8. A. long before B. before long C. after long D. long after 9. A. in B. on C. at D. by 10. A. that B. what C. which D. when 11. A. eye B. nose C. mouth D. ear 12. A. pain B. bee C. bird D. earache 13. A. shoot B. shoot at C. shoot to D. shoot on 14. A. In the way B. On the way C. In a way D. In this way 15. A. her B. the C. whose D. its 名师点评 本文是一篇寓言,介绍了蜜蜂和小鸟互相帮助,脱离危险的故事。救人一命胜造七级浮屠,我们从中可以学到乐于施恩,不忘回报的道理。 答案解析 1. D。根据句意,蜜蜂是被水冲走了,所以选carried。 2. C。in danger的意思为“处于危险之中”的意思。根据下文小鸟设法救蜜蜂的过程可以推断蜜蜂处于危险之中。 3. A。一方面根据句意,从树上摘下的可能是“树叶(leaf)”,另一方面从下文The bee climbed __5__ the leaf,可以断定应选leaf。 4. C。it指代上文所说的树叶。 5. A。本题考介词的正确用法,climb onto是“爬到……上面”的意思,故选A。 6. D。应用副词作状语,故选safely。 7. C。根据文章的意思应为安全“飞走”之意。 8. D。B、C显然不可选。根据上下文可知,事情发生在那件事情(that)之后,故选D。 9. B。小鸟坐在树枝上,介词应用on。 10. B。宾语从句中需要一个作宾语的连接代词,故选what。 11. A。由下文可知它是飞向那个人的眼睛,使他无法射击小鸟。 12. A。根据文章的意思应是疼痛使那人不能射杀小鸟。 13. A。shoot是“射中、射死”的意思;shoot at是“瞄准、朝……射击”的意思,故选A。 14. D。In the way是“挡路”的意思;On the way是“在路上”的意思;In a way是“从某种程度上”的意思;In this way是“以这种方式”的意思。 15. C。根据句子结构分析,此空后面是一个非限制性定语从句,故选关系代词whose。 初中学习网,资料共分享!我们负责传递知识!www.czxxw.com

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