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首页>英语>学案>2014届中考英语:《满分训练》9

2014届中考英语:《满分训练》9

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Many people go to school for an education. 1 learn languages, history, geography, physics, chemistry and maths. Others go to school to learn a skill so that they can 2 a living. School 3 is very important and useful. Yet no one can learn everything from school. A teacher, no matter how much he 4 , can not teach his students everything they 5 to know. The teacher's job is to show his students how to read and how to 6 . So much more is to be learned 7 school by the students themselves. It is always more important to know how to study by 8 than to memorize(熟记)some facts or formula(公式). It is 9 quite easy to learn a 10 fact in history or a formula in mathematics. But it is very difficult to use a formula in 11 out a maths problem. Great scientists, such as Einstein, Newton and Galileo, didn't learn many things from school. But they were all so 12 that they invented so many things for mankind. The 13 for their success is that they knew how to study. They read books that were not 14 at school. They worked hard all their lives, wasting not a single moment. They would ask many questions as they read and they did thousands of 15 . 1. A. Students B. They C. We D. People 2. A. make B. do C. have D. get 3. A. education B. degree C. lesson D. task 4. A. teaches B. knows C. learns D. practises 5. A. manage B. expect C. fail D. want 6. A. study B. play C. think D. work 7. A. From B. in C. within D. outside 8. A. heart B. students C. us D. oneself 9. A. not B. actually C. seldom D. known 10.A. real B. true C. certain D. great 11. A. setting B. working C. making D. doing 12. A. famous B. popular C. successful D. modest 13. A. experiment B. reason C. result D. way 14. A. kept B. showed C. expressed D. taught 15. A. duties B. jobs C. experiments D. records 名师点评 本文讲述了自主学习的重要性。也就是说对于学生而言应该学会如何学习才是更重要的。而对于教师而言,不仅要教学生文化知识,更应教会他们如何学习,正所谓“授之以鱼,不如授之以渔”。 答案解析 1. B。they指上句中的many people。 2. A。make a living意思是“谋生”。这里表示学一门技术来谋生。 3. A。school education 意为“学校教育”。 4. B。意思是“不管他懂多少”。 5. D。表示学生想知道的东西 。 6. C。老师不仅教学生文化知识,更应该教会学生如何思考。 7. D。指应该更多的从校外获取知识。 8. D。study by oneself自学。 9. B。actually副词,“事实上”。actually easy 表示“真的很简单”。 10. C。certain这里指“某一个,固定的”。 11. B。work out意思是“解出”。 12. C。上述的这些人都很成功。 13. B。reason和for搭配,表示“……的原因”。 14. D。被动语态,表示“学校不教的书”。意思是他们获取了很多课外知识。 15. B。这些科学家都做了很多实验。 38 About 70,000,000 Americans are trying to lose weight(减肥). That is almost 1 out of every 3 people in the United States. Some people eat 1 food and they hardly have any fats or sweets. Others do running, exercise with machines, take medicines, or even have operations. 2 you can see losing weight is 3 work, and it will also cost a lot of money. But __4 do so many people in the United States want to lose weight? Many people in the United States worry about their look of the body. For many people, looking nice also means to be 5 . Other people worry about their health as many doctors 6 overweight is not good. Most people want to find an 7 way to take off fat, and books of this kind are very popular. These books tell people how to lose weight. Each year a lot of new books like these are 8 . Each one says it can easily help people take fat away. Losing weight can be 9 . Some overweight people go to health centres, like La Costa in California. Men and women 10 several hundred dollars a day at these health centres. People live there for one week or two, 11 exercise, eating different foods. Meals there may be just a little. All these work for losing weight. __12__ 4 days on the programme, one woman called Mrs. Warren lost 5 pounds (2.27kg). At $ 400 a day, she spent $ 320 to lose each pound. But she said she was still __13__ to do so. Health centres, books, medicines, operations, running and exercise machines all __14__ a lot of money. So in the United States, losing weight may mean losing __15__ too. 1. A. less B. more C. nice D. fast 2. A. For B. So C. Or D. And 3. A. good B. useful C. hard D. easy 4. A. why B. what C. how D. when 5. A. high B. short C. thin D. fat 6. A. talk B. say C. speak D. tell 7. A. dearer B. harder C. shorter D. easier 8. A. taken B. given C. written D. copied 9. A. cheap B. expensive C. easy D. safe 10. A. pay B. cost C. take D. have 11. A. making B. taking C. playing D. using 12. A. Before B. In C. After D. At 13. A. sorry B. angry C. sad D. glad 14. A. need B. have C. use D. get 15. A. health B. time C. food D. money 名师点评 这篇文章讲的是美国有三分之一的人正在努力减肥,他们想尽了一切办法去减轻体重,同时也令他们耗费了不少的金钱。 答案简析 1. A。为了减肥,有些人只吃很少的食物。 2. B。根据上文,得知下面这个结论。所以选so表示因果关系。 3. C。减肥令人们不得不做很多令人痛苦的事,故是一项艰苦的工作。 4. A。下文讲的是人们减肥的原因,所以选why。 5. C。现在很多人都认为想要让自己看上去漂亮就得瘦,正是这种观点促使很多人要减肥。 6. B。这四个词当中只有say 可以直接加说话内容。 7. D。人们都希望减肥能够既快又简单。 8. C。因为很多人都想减肥,所以就有人写这方面的书籍来吸引减肥者。 9. B。根据下文得知减肥有时是一件很昂贵的事。 10. A。 在表示花钱的几个动词中,只有pay 和 spend 的主语为人,这里没有 spend, 故选pay。 11. B。 take exercise意思是“锻炼”。 12. C。 13. D。 虽然昂贵,但她还是很乐意去做。 14. A。 所有这些减肥的项目都是需要花费很多钱的。 15. D。 综上所述,减肥也就意味着失去了很多金钱。 39 When the boys 1 home, it was eleven o’clock. It was dark 2 but there was a light inside their home and the door 3 . They could see a man inside. “Who can 4 be? ” Said Peter. “Mother and Father 5 to do some 6 . They won’t be home 7 eight o’clock. ” When the man saw Peter, he looked 8 . Then he smiled and said. “Come in! You don’t know me, but I’m a friend of 9 .” The man didn’t see John. Peter went inside and began 10 to the man but John didn’t. He quickly but quietly ran off. He soon found a policeman and brought him back 11 home. The man was 12 there, but when he saw the policeman, he tried to run off. The policeman caught him 13 the arm. Just then the boys’ parents 14 . “Is the man your friend?” The policeman asked Mr. Turner . “No, he is a thief. He wanted to steal my money. 15 nice of you to catch him.” 1. A. reached B. arrived at C. goes to D. reached to 2. A. out of B. outside C. outsides D. inside 3. A. opened B. was open C. was opened D. open 4. A. he B. she C. it D. that 5. A. have been B. have gone C. go D. went 6. A. shops B. shopping C. shoppings D. shop 7. A. until B. at C. to D. before 8. A. frightening B. fear C. frightened D. surprised 9. A. your father B. your father’s C. your motherD. your family 10. A. saying B. talking C. speaking D. telling 11. A. to B. to their C. their D. at 12. A. already B. always C. still D. yet 13. A. in B. on C. at D. by 14. A. returned B. returned back C. had returned D. had returned back 15. A. It’s B. This’s C. This is D. So is 名师点评 这是一个两小孩智斗小偷的故事,体现了两个小孩的机智勇敢,随机应变。 答案简析 A。home是副词,前面不加介词。 B。外面天黑。 B。open的形容词还是open,故选 was open, 表状态,意为“敞开着的。 C。没看清对方的性别、容貌,常用it来指代之。 B。 have gone to 表示“去了,还没回来”,have been to 表示“曾经去过”。 B。do some shopping为固定搭配 。 A。固定结构not.…..until意为“直到……才……”。 C。frightened 表示人内心的恐慌和害怕,而frightening则表示某物或某事令人害怕。 B。a friend of one’s 表示“某人的一个朋友”。 B。talk to sb表示“和某人交谈”。而speak to sb, say to sb均表示“对某人讲”。 B。 home如果前面不加冠词或物主代词,它则是副词,不能加to。反之则是名词,必须加to。故选to their home。 C。那个小偷还在,故选still。 D。catch sb by the arm表示“抓住某人的胳膊”。 A。由just then 可知这里应用一般过去时。 A。 40 It is common in English to ask people about their holidays. In the West, many 1 go away on holiday during the summer months, 2 so it is very usual to 3 about this. If the holiday has not 4 taken place, then their holiday plans 5 be talked about. And if it is already over, then where 6 went, whether they 7 it and so on can be discussed. Similar questions are asked 8 some public holidays. 9 living and working in China often 10 opportunities for travel, either at weekends or during 11 holidays, so such kind of 12 lead to fruitful discussions. They may be 13 to know if they have chosen the 14 places, especially those a little less 15 ones. 1. A. factories B. families C. schools D. farms 2. A. but B. and C. because D. for 3. A. ask B. see C. know D. write 4. A. still B. already C. yet D. often 5. A. must B. should C. need D. can 6. A. we B. he C. they D. she 7. A. liked B. followed C. finished D. found 8. A. to B. before C. with D. by 9. A. Visitors B. Foreigners C. Strangers D. Players 10. A. make B. carry C. have D. keep 11. A. his B. her C. their D. its 12. A. Answers B. exercises C. excuses D. Questions 13. A. glad B. interested C. worried D. lucky 14. A. right B. different C. helpful D. terrible 15. A. expensive B. famous C. useful D. friendly 名师点评 天气和假期永远是西方人日常谈论的话题,所以要了解西方文化就必须对他们的节假日有足够的了解。本文为你提供了一些,想必你会对西方的文化有进一步的了解。 答案简析 B。节假日中人们喜欢一家人一起出去游玩。 B。and这里表承接。 A。根据第一句话中的提示。 C。yet用于现在完成时的否定句中,其他词均不可以。 C。在旅游前,人们需要谈论一下计划,故选need 。 C。本文都是以第三人称写的。 A。节假日过后,人们总会互相询问是否喜欢自己的旅行。 B。有时一些相似的问题也会在假日来临之前就被讨论,故选before。 B。这里讲的是外国人的旅游习惯,包括那些在中国工作和生活的外国人。visitors则是片面的,仅指游客,故不选。 C。have opportunities意为“有机会”。 C。与第6题同解。 D。本文是围绕人们问旅游方面的问题展开的,故选questions 。 B。他们对以下的事感兴趣,想知道其中情况,故选B。 A。他们很想知道自己有没有选对地方,故选right 。 B。根据常识,人们一般会认为著名的地方都是正确的选择,所以人们想知道那些不太著名的地方是否是正确的选择。 41 Dear George, Half a year has gone by 1 we said goodbye to each other at the Kaitak airport (飞机场) . Except for 2 hurriedly written notes you have not written to any of your old 3 any letters 4 a few days. We are studying 5 a foreign university, but know 6 of what is going on about you. Last night, John, Tom and I 7 a happy reunion (重聚) in dinner. It was all like the old high school 8 except that you were not in this get together. 9 we all felt 10 you. We then began to talk about you and wondered 11 at that moment. At last we 12 to your health. What kind of life you are living in London? Is your school-work keeping you 13 ? And there are a thousand things we want to 14 . Please tell us. My 15 regards (问候) , also John’s and Tom’s. Your old friend, Tonny A. since B. after C. before D. when A. little B. a little C. few D. a few A. classmates B. friends’ C. comrades’ D. masters’ A. in B. for C. with D. during A. in B. at C. on D. to A. something B. everything C. anything D. nothing A. made B. started C. had D. did A. time B. place C. days D. teaching A. Suddenly B. But C. Or D. And A. to miss B. in missing C. miss D . missing A. what were you doing B. what you were doing C. how were you doing D. how you were doing 12. A. drink B. drank C. had drunk D. was drinking 13. A. busy B. happy C. free D. sorry 14. A. understand B. hear C. see D. know 15. A. good B. better C. best D. well 名师点评 这是一封温馨老友的来信,信中提到了同学的重聚勾起了对往日学校生活和昔日同窗的怀念。 答案简析 A。主句是现在完成时,从句由since引导。 D。a few和few均修饰可数名词,但few表否定。 A。其它三种表达方式错误,这里无需用名词的所有格。 B。for加一段时间用于现在完成时表延续。 A。in a university / at university均可以表示上大学,这里因为已有了a故选in,而不选at。 D。因为好久没通信,所以对George的情况一无所知。 A。have a reunion为固定搭配。 C。想起了过去的日子,故选days。 A。 D。feel doing something表示“感觉……”。 B。宾语从句用陈述语序。 B。根据上下文的时态可知这里用一般过去时。 A。朋友们都想知道学校里的事是否让他很忙。这里可以比较四个选项的意思,再根据上文的意思可知选busy。 D。他们想知道许多关于George的事。 C。my best regards相当于my best wishes 。 初中学习网,资料共分享!我们负责传递知识!www.czxxw.com

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