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首页>英语>学案>2014届中考英语:《满分训练》7

2014届中考英语:《满分训练》7

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资料类别:  英语/学案 所属版本:  牛津译林
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Suppose(假设) you are going to Boston, and you 1 the city before. If someone 2 you about the interesting places in the city, you __3 to get some ideas of what you will see. But don’t have a 4__ idea of where these places are or of how to find 5 . However, 6__ someone has a map of the city and 7 you the main roads and buildings, you may say, “ Oh, now I see . I can find my way with 8__ trouble at all ”. Working in math is somewhat(有点儿) like trying to find your way 9 a new city. Perhaps the words may tell you some information and you have 10 it, but you can’t see any clear road 11 the answers. Maybe you 12 a kind of map of the main roads in maths 13__ you find your way. Explore(探究)what lies in maths, and 14 to find the main roads. They will 15 you to the answer. If you can find the “map”, the maths problems will be easily worked out. 1. A. are going to visit B. once visited C. have never visited D. have ever visit 2. A. answers B. shows C. meets D. tells 3. A. begin B. like C. learn D. refuse 4. A. clever B. clear C. strange D. wrong 5. A. someone B. Boston C. them D. it 6. A. if B. though C. whether D. since 7. A. helps B. gives C. passes D. shows 8. A. not B. no C. some D. much 9. A. of B. to C. in D around 10. A. thought over B. heard about C. written down D talked with 11. A. with B. for C. of D to 12. A. need to have B. don’t need C needn’t D. in need of 13. A. help B. to help C. helps D help with 14. A. try your best B. take your place C. look up D walk on 15. A. keep B. send C. lead D. ask 名师点评 文章以在陌生的城市找名胜为例,说明了解决数学最重要的是先找出一条通往答案的路径。 答案简析 1.C。下文表明:你要去的是一个一点儿都不熟悉的城市,说明以前没有去过。故选have never visited。 2.D。show意为“带领某人参观某地”或“向某人展示某物”;tell sb. about sth. 意为“告诉某人关于……的情况。根据下文可知tell为正确选项。 3.A。文章表明:听了别人的介绍后,你对城市的名胜开始有了一些初步的印象。故选begin。 4.B。根据文意,你对名胜的概况只是听说而已,对名胜的具体位置及如何找到所指的名胜不太清楚。故选clear。 5.C。指代上文出现的interesting places应用them。 6.A。根据句意,前半句是后半句的条件状语从句,应用if引导。 7.D。show sb. sth.意为“把……给某人看”,合符文意,为正确选项。 8.B。根据地图上的位置,你会毫不费力地找到想去的地方。故选no。 9.B。本文是讲如何在一个陌生的城市里找到目的地,而不是找去某个城市的路。故选in。 10.A。做数学题时,你肯定要对题目中所给的信息进行思考。故应选thought over。 11.D。the road to the answers意为“解决问题的路径”,to为正确选项。 12.A。根据上文列举的根据地图找名胜的例子可知,做数学题目也需要“地图”。故应选need to have。 13.B。这里应该用动词不定式to help you find your way作目的状语才合符句意。 14.A。try one’s best to do sth.意思是“尽某人最大的努力去做某事”,为正确选项。 15.C。“lead sb. to某地”意思是“引导某人到达某地”。 27 Several years ago I studied in a university in the biggest city in our country. It’s beautiful but it’s hot in __1__. So I usually returned to my hometown when my __2__ began. It is not big, but it’s cool and quiet. I could __3__ in the daytime and have a good sleep at night. One day I had some __4__ to solve. But I didn’t take the dictionaries home. My father told me Charlie, one of my __5__, had a good library. I went to his house at once. We didn’t see each other after I __6__ middle school. At first he didn’t recognize me. He __7__ me up and down. And then he called out, “Oh, dear! It’s you, Fred!” Of course we were __8__ to meet each other again and talked a lot about our schoolmates and __9__. Later on he showed me around his library. It wasn’t big but there were a lot of nice books in it. And the dictionaries I __10__ were in them too. At last I said, “__11__ you lend some dictionaries to me, please?” “I’m sorry I don’t lend any books to __12__,” said the young man. “Are you afraid I’ll __13__ them?” “No, I’m not. I’m afraid you won’t __14__ them to me. Look! All the books are not __15__, but borrowed!” A. spring B. summer C. autumn D. winter A. birthday B. Saturday C. Sunday D. holiday A. study B. play C. rest D. run A. words B. sentences C. problems D. stories A. brothers B. sisters C. aunts D. classmates A. finished B. heard C. saw D. met A. lifted B. carried C. looked D. pulled A. angry B. happy C. worried D. sad A. doctors B. teachers C. workers D. drivers A. looked for B. read C. wrote D. looked at A. Need B. Must C. May D. Can A. other B. the other C. others D. another A. lose B. sell C. throw D. know A. pay B. return C. use D. look after A. made B. picked C. won D. bought 名师点评 这篇短文主要讲了Charlie家里有许多藏书,却没有一本是自己买的,所以他从不借书给别人,因为他怕别人都和他一样。本题的不少答案只从缺空所在句子的语意和语法是无法确定的,解题是要联系上下文及一般常识进行推理。 答案简析 B。hot应该指的是夏天的天气情况。 D。大学生暑假回家度假。 A。学生暑假应该不忘学习。 C。solve problems意为“解决问题”。 D。根据下文可得知。 A。finish middle school表示“中学毕业”。 C。look sb. up and down表示“上下打量某人”,这时look用作及物动词。 B。老同学相见自然是高兴。 B。同学之间谈论的主要对象一般应该是同学和老师。 A。根据上下文得知“我”正在寻找一本字典。 D。这里指征求别人的意见,故用can。 C。泛指其他人,故用复数。 A。“我”以为他怕我把书弄丢,所以不借。 B。根据下文得知他的书都是借的,所以他不愿借给我,怕我也象他一样借书不还。 D。这些书都不是买的,而是借的。 28 Mr. Wang teaches English in a middle school. He likes his work very much. He wanted 1 a teacher even when he was a young boy. There are six classes in a school day at Mr. Wang's middle school. Mr. Wang teachers five of these six classes. 2 his "free" hour from 2 to 3 in the afternoon, Mr. Wang 3 meet with parents, check students' homework and 4 many other things. So Mr. Wang works hard from the moment he gets to school early in the morning until he leaves for home late in the afternoon, and his "free" hour is not free at all. In his English lesson, Mr. Wang sometimes teaches poems (诗). He likes poems very much, and he likes Li Bai’s poems 5 of all. In his fifth class today, Mr. Wang taught a poem. He wrote the poem on the blackboard and read it. As soon as he finished 6 the poem, the students began to ask questions. He answered all the questions. Then he asked his students to talk about the poem. 7 one wanted to stop when the bell rang. 8 home, Mr. Wang thought about the fifth class. He was happy about what he did as a teacher. Every one of his students 9 the poem. When they started to talk, they forgot about the time. He did not have to make them 10 . He only had to answer their questions and help them understand the poem. 1. A. was B. being C. to be D. be 2. A. In B. At C. To D. On 3. A. has to B. has C. able to D. will 4. A. take care for B. care of C. take care of D. be careful of 5. A. better B. good C. well D. best 6. A. reading B. to read C. read D. doing 7. A. Not B. No C. Have no D. Any 8. A. By the way B. To his way C. On his way D. In the way 9. A. liked B. asked C. had D. wanted 10. A. learning B. to learn C. learn D. leant 名师点评 Mr. Wang是一位英语老师,他热心于教育,忙于教学,工作负责,课堂上善于启发学生回答问题,讨论问题。即使在回家的途中,仍沉浸在课堂活跃气氛的回忆中。 答案简析 1. C。语法结构 want后面跟不定式。 2. B。时间点后面跟介词at。 3. A。has to意思是“不得不,必须”。这里引出所要做的事。 4. C。固定短语。 5. D。此句后面有 at all这一比较范围,故用最高级。 6. A。finish后面跟动名词。 7. B。课堂上学生们积极发言,没有人想停下来。 8. C。on one’s way home意思是“在回家的路上”。 9. A。学生受老师的影响也开始爱诗歌了。 10. C。语法结构:make sb.do sth。 29 Many animals use some kinds of “language”. They use signals(信号) and the signals have meanings. For example, __1 a bee has found some food, it goes 2 its home. 3 is difficult for a bee to tell __4 bees where the food is speaking to them, but it can do a little dancing. This tells the bees where the food is and 5 it is. Some animals show 6 they feel by making sounds. It is not difficult to tell if a dog is angry because it barks. Birds make several different sounds and 7 has its meaning. Sometimes we humans make sounds in the same way. We make sounds like “Oh” to 8 how we feel about __9__ or we 10 something on our feet. We humans have languages. We have words. These words have meaning of things, action, feeling or ideas. We are able to __11__ each other information, to tell other people 12 we think or we feel. By writing down words, we can remember what has happened or 13 messages to people far away. Languages, like people, live and die. If a language is not used by people, it is called a dead language. This language cannot live and grow because 14 speaks it. A living language, of course, is often spoken by people today. It grows and changes with time. New words are created, and some old words have 15 meanings. 1. A. because B. since C. when D. as 2. A. out of B. back from C. away from D. back to 3. A. It B. This C. That D. He 4. A. each other B. another C. the other D. others 5. A. how long B. how far away C. how many D. how old 6. A. why B. which C. how D. what 7. A. each B. every C. all D. some 8. A. show B. say C. talk D. speak 9. A. everything B. something C. nothing D. anything 10. A. put B. drop C. fall D. set 11. A. give B. put C. show D. take 12. A. that B. which C. what D. why 13. A. send B. bring C. push D. get 14. A. someone B. no one C. anyone D. everyone 15. A. new B. right C. real D. good 名师点评 这则短文讲述的是语言的重要性。无论是何种语言,只要不使用,它将死亡。 答案简析 1.C。表示”当……的时候”。 2.D。蜜蜂发现食物会返回蜂窝,通知其它蜜蜂。 3.A。形式主语。 4.C。the other bees其它的蜜蜂。 5.B。蜜蜂通过跳舞告诉同伴物源有多远。 6.C。用how作状语修饰feel。 7.A。根据谓语动词has应选each.。each指代的是可数名词sound,所以不能用all或some,而every是形容词,不能做主语。 8.A。用语言来表示自己的感觉,故选show。 9.B。 10.B。ouch表示疼痛,故推测是东西砸到了脚上。Fall是不及物动词,故不选。 11.A。 12.C。think为及物动词,这里what做think宾语。 13.A。send messages为固定搭配,表示“发送信息”。 14.B。根据文意,一种语言如果没人使用,就会灭亡。 15.A。旧词新意。 30 It’s never easy to admit(承认) you are in the wrong. We all __1__ to know the art of apology. Think how often you’ve done wrong. Then count how many __2__ you’ve expressed clearly you were __3__. You can’t go to bed with an easy mind if you do __4__ about it. A doctor friend, Mr. Lied, told me about a man who came to him with different kinds of signs: headaches, heart __5__ and insomnia (失眠). __6__ some careful exams, Mr. Lied found nothing ___7__ with him and said, “If you don’t tell me what’s __8__ you, I can’t help you.” The man admitted he was cheating his brother of his inheritance(遗产). Then and there the __9__ doctor __10__ the man write to his brother and __11__ his money. As soon as the __12__ was put into the post box, the man suddenly cried. “Thank you,” he said to the doctor, “I think I’ve got __13__.” An apology can not only save a broken relationship(关系) but also make it __14__. If you can think of someone who should be __15__ an apology from you. Do something about it right now. 1. A. decide B. have C. need D. try 2. A. mistakes B. people C. ways D. times 3. A. sorry B. weak C. sad D. wrong 4. A. something B. anything C. nothing D. everything 5. A. trouble B. matter C. illness D. problem 6. A. Before B. After C. Till D. Since 7. A. well B. wrong C. good D. bad 8. A. hurling B. changing C. touching D. worrying 9. A. clever B. silly C. good D. kind 10. A. made B. helped C. saw D. let 11. A. returned B. gave C. kept D. paid 12. A. paper B. box C. money D. letter 13. A. better B. well C. sick D. worse 14. A. never B. worse C. stronger D. harder 15. A. given B. received C. known D. forgotten 名师点评 这是一篇关于学会如何道歉的短文,它提醒人们要学会认识自己的错误,并能够为自己的错误道歉。做不到这一点会造成自己心理上的压力,甚至带来疾病。 答案解析 1. C。这里指的是人们有必要了解道歉这门艺术。 2. D。times这里表示次数。 3. A。根据上文,承认错误决非易事,道歉更是一门艺术,此时作者是建议读者计算一下有过多少次是能清楚地表达自己的歉意的,所以选sorry。 4. C。如果你对自己的错误什么也不去做, 你睡觉也不会睡得好。 5. A。这里表示心脏有毛病。 6. B。 7. B。nothing wrong 表明这个人生理没有任何问题, 看下文就可以知道这一点。 8. D。 9. A。这是一名很聪明的医生, 所以他提出了下面一个方法。 10. D。made 具有强制性的意思, 故选let sb. do sth..好。 11. A。上文得知这人骗了哥哥的遗产, 所以还了他所欠的钱才能治好他的心病。 12. D。根据后面的post box可以得知这里是指寄出了那封信。 13. B。这个人其实没有病, 所以在解决了心理问题后,他一下子觉得好了, 而不是好转, 故选well 而不是better。 14. C。道歉不仅可以挽救破碎的人际关系, 还可以增强人与人之间的联系。harder指的是具体事物的“坚硬”, 故此处不当。 15. A。give sb. an apology意为“向某人道歉”。 31 Mr. and Mrs. king have lived in our town for nearly twenty years. They have a bookshop by the bus station. They’re __1__ to everybody and have a lot of friends. They often __2__ the poor students and sell them some books cheaply. So there’re many young men in their shop. Of course people __3__ them and their friends often call on (拜访) them and __4__ them. We can always hear their rooms are full of __5__ and quarrel. It was a Friday evening. Mr. and Mrs. King were going to have a picnic on the island the next __6__. It was a little far from our town. So they had to __7__ earlier than usual to catch a six o’clock train. After __8__ a few friends came to see them while they were cooking some __9__ and drinks for the picnic. Mr. king and his wife had to stop __10__ them. They talked a lot and few of them looked at the __11__ on the wall. Mr. and Mrs. King were anxious (焦急) but they couldn’t tell the visitors about it. The woman thought for a few __12__ and had an idea. She said to her __13__, “Oh, it’s eleven o’clock! You’d better stop talking, dear! Our guests are anxious to __14__! Mr. king heard this and stood up and said __15__ to the visitors and they left soon. 1. A. had B. polite C. cold D. careful; 2. A. help B. hurt C. hit D. watch 3. A. know B. understand C. meet D. like 4. A. play with B. fight with C. talk with D. catch up with 5. A. cry B. shout C. noise D. laugh 6. A. morning B. afternoon C. evening D. laugh 7. A. go to work B. get up C. go to sleep D. open the shop 8. A. breakfast B. lunch C. supper D. meal 9. A. clothes B. bags C. books D. food 10. A. receive B. to receive C. receiving D. to accept 11. A. phone B. photo C. clock D. picture 12. A. minutes B. days C. weeks D. months 13. A. visitor B. husband C. brother D. father 14. A. go home B. go to bed C. go shopping D. have a rest 15. A. hello B. goodbye C. sorry D. nothing 名师点评 这是一则委婉地谢绝客人的故事, 这也是我们平时很容易遇到的事。 答案简析 1. B。根据下文have a lot of friends可以推断他们待人友好(friendly)。 2. A。他们帮助穷困的学生。 3. D。根据上文得知,别人都很喜欢他们。 4. C。talk with 表示聊天。 5. D。他们的家里总是充满了欢笑。 6. A。根据下文他们要赶早班车得知是早上。 7. B。为了赶早班车他们不得不早起,故选get up。 8. C。这是一个星期五的晚上,故是晚饭后。 9. D。他们正在为第二天的野餐准备食物和饮料。 10. B。停下(手中的事)来做某事,用stop to do sth.,另外receive sb. 表示接待某人。 11. C。他聊得很尽兴,以致于忘了时间,也就是忘了看墙上的钟。 12. A。这里指很短的时间。 13. B。 14. A。表示时间已经不早了,客人们肯定着急要回家了。 15. C。丈夫向客人道歉,表示是自己忘了时间,这样客人就不会尴尬了。 初中学习网,资料共分享!我们负责传递知识!www.czxxw.com

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