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首页>英语>学案>江苏省扬中市同德中学牛津译林版9A Unit 6《Detective stories》导学案5

江苏省扬中市同德中学牛津译林版9A Unit 6《Detective stories》导学案5

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资料类别:  英语/学案 所属版本:  牛津译林
所属地区:  江苏 上传时间:  2014/3/8
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9A Unit 6 Detective stories 第五课时Grammar(新授课) 【学习目标】 1学习并掌握直接引语改间接引语的方法。2学习并掌握直接引语改间接引语时时态的变化。 【学习重点、难点】掌握直接引语改间接引语的变化规则。 【学习过程】 一、课前预习·导学(约 5 分钟) 1.寻找更多的线索_________ 2.听到一声枪响___________ 3.对银行很熟悉 _____________ 4.他三十五六岁__________ 5.带着面罩 6.看到一个人拿着枪 7.出浴室 8.替我说谢谢 9.排队等候 10.张贴一幅嫌疑犯的像 11. 时间用完了 12. 从……抢劫………. 二、课堂学习研讨(约 30 分钟) (一)教学步骤 Step One: Pre—task直接引语是直接引述别人的原话,原话用引号,而间接引述别人的话,不用引号。间接引语在多数情况下构成宾语从句。 Step Two: While—task直接引语改为间接引语时,引述动词是现在时,则间接引语中的动词、时间、时态的形式不变。例如:She says, “ I’ll never forget the moment变成间接引语为She says that she’ll never forget the moment.但是如引述动词为过去时,间接引语中的动词时态一般要作相应的变化。遵循下列规律: 直接引语 间接引语 一般现在时 一般过去时 现在进行时 过去进行时 现在完成时 过去完成时 一般将来时 过去将来时 一般过去时 过去完成时 Pay attention:直接引语表达的意思是客观真理时,时态不变。如: The geography teacher said to us,“The earth goes around the sun. ” →The geography teacher told us that the earth goes around the sun. 1)、直接引语为陈述句时,间接引语的连词用that,that可以省略。如: “I have lived in the south for years,” Mrs Duncan said. →Mrs Duncan told me (that) she had lived in the south for years. Duncan夫人说她在南方住了许多年。 2)、直接引语为一般疑问句时,间接引语的连词用if / whether。如: He said,“Are you interested in English?” →He asked (me) if I was interested in English. 他问我是否对英语感兴趣 3)、直接引语为特殊疑问句时,间接引语的连词用特殊疑问句本身所带的疑问词如when,where,who,why,how,how many,how old等等。如: “What do you want?” he asked me. →He asked me what I wanted. 他问我想要什么。 4)、直接引语为祈使句时,间接引语不用连词,而是将直接引语改为动词不定式用作句子的宾语补足语。如: She said to us,“Please sit down. ” →She asked us to sit down. (二)Language Points 1.dare (1)vi.&vt.(dares,daring,dared,dared) 敢于,胆敢 dare to do sth.(后接不定式,在否定句和疑问句中可省略to。)例:这小女孩不敢在自己的房间里睡觉。The girl didn’t ___ (__) sleep in her room. (2) model. v. 敢,敢于(后接动词原形,一般不用于肯定句,除非是条件句)。例:你敢与我一起去吗? _________ you _______ with me? Yes, I dare./ No, I dare not. 2.risk (1) n. a. (C&U) 危险,风险 例:你不应该低估这一规划的风险。You shouldn’t underestimate the__________ of the enterprise. b. (C)保险对象 例:他是个风险很小的保险对象。He is a good___________. (2)v.(risks,risking,risked,risked)冒…风险;使某人/某人自己面临险境 例:他冒着生命的危险去救那个男孩。He ______ _____ ______ to save the boy. 3.safety n.(U) 安全,平安 例:读“家庭安全”须知。 Read the notice “___________ in the home.” 他们为了孩子的安全而没有走进森林里。They didn’t enter the forest for the children’s______. for safety 为了安全 You’d better not go out alone at night ______ ___________. safe(1) adj.安全的,平安的 safely adv.安全地 例:孩子们在花园里安然无恙。The children are________from danger in the garden. 他们平安地到家了。They _______ ________ ________. (2) n.(C)保险箱 例:他把文件藏在保险箱里。He kept the papers _____ ______ _______. 4.if conj.(1)是否(whether),用于连接宾语从句。例:你能告诉我们澳大利亚冬天是否下雪吗? Could you tell us______/_________ it_______ in winter in Australia? (2)假如,如果,用于连接状语从句。例:我不知道他明天是否来。如果他来,你就打电话给我。I don’t know if______ ______ _______.If he__________;__________ ________ _______. 5.rob vt.抢劫(robs, robbing, robbed, robbed) rob sb./sp. of sth.意为“抢了某人/某处的东西” 抢我阿姨的钱包_______ _________ _________ ______ _________ ________ robber n.(C) 抢劫者,强盗 例:在去美国的途中,他被强盗抢走了所有贵重物品。 On his way _____ _________, he______ _______ _______ ________ _____ __________ ________ by the_____________. robbery n.抢劫,抢劫罪 例:最近街上时有抢劫发生。Recently _________ __________ ________ _________ in the street. 有抢劫罪be________ _____ ___________ 6.queue n.行列,长队 排队等候wait _____ ______ __________ 7.gunshot n.(C)枪声 听到枪声并看到一个持枪的人hear ___________and see __________________ 8.familiar adj.熟悉的 be familiar with…对…熟悉 例:看起来那些抢劫者对这银行很熟悉。It seemed that the_________ _________ __________ _________the bank. 9.in one’s mid-thirties 在某人三十五、六岁时,在某人四十五、六岁时_____ ______ _____________ 10.if 与whether的区别:表示“是否”时通常情况下可以通用,但在下面用法中只能用whether.(1)在带to的动词不定式之前。(2)在介词之后 (3)具有选择意义,有or或or not时 (4)在动词discuss后面的宾语从句中 (5)引导表语从句或主语从句时用whether (6)若用if会引起歧义时,则用whether. 在下列三种情况下常用if, (1)引导否定概念的宾语从句时 (2)表示条件或假设时“假如”(3)表示“虽然,即使” 用if或whether填空: 1.My father hasn’t decided ________ to go by bus or by train. 2.We’re thinking about _________ we can finish the work on time. 3._____ I am wrong, you are wrong, too. 4.He asked me __________ I hadn’t finished my homework. 5.__________he is right or wrong is question. 6. The question is __________we can catch the bus. 三、课堂检测(约 7 分钟) (一)用所给词的适当形式填空 1.Detective Lu said that he ____ ____his report already.(finish) 2.This girl doesn't dare _______ out alone at night. (go) 3.My cousin noticed a man _______ down Upper Street last night.(run) 4.I __ ____her when I get out of the shower.(call) 5.The police ___ ___some witnesses for more details.(interview) The interviewer asked if he ___ __the Valley Town murder.(solve) The police failed ____ ____the murderer this morning.(arrest) We ____ _the children’s parents already.(contact) I wondered whether they ___ ___to America soon(fly) 10.The police said that they __ ___a girl’s body the day before.(find) (二)根据提示填入适当的单词完成句子 The police believed that the murder __ ____(take) place between 9 p.m. and 1 a.m. last night. Mary told her father she ___ ___(visit) a farm the next day. He said light ____ __(travel) faster than sound. At last, two theives _____ ____(arrest) by the police. He dare____ __(not go) out at night. She insisted that she ____ ____(rob) of a purse on her way back home. Some____ ____(witness) reported that the man was running along the street with a bag on his back. Someone was heard ___ ____(cough) heavily outside the house at that time. He has no ___ __(crime) record. This may be his first time to steal something. 10.One of the ____ ____(attack) was arrested yesterday. The police are searching for the others. 四、作业布置 (一)将下列句子改写成间接引语 1、“We don’t know where she is,”he said.He said . 2、“The earth goes round the sun,”says the teacher.The teacher says . 3、“Do you know me?”she said to us.She asked us . 4、“I’ll have a meeting tomorrow,”she said. She said . 5、“I watched TV an hour ago,”my brother said.My brother said . (二)单项选择 ( )1、I wonder you would like to come to my birthday party. A.that B.whether C.that if D.that whether ( )2、What kind of things can’t a murderer use to kill a person? A.Gun B.Knife C.Feather D.Brick ( )3、He said that he had bought the jacket . A.before three days B.three days before C.three days ago D.last week ( )4、The teacher told us that the sun in the east and in the west. A.raised;set B.rose;set C.rise;set D.rises;sets ( )5、--What happended to you yesterday? --They young man robbed ____. A.my mobile phone B.a mobile phone of me C.me of my mobile phone D.a mobile phone from me ( )6.My mother has been frightened to _____ .You mustn’t play these practical jokes any more. A.die B.dying C.death D.dead ( )7.They volunteered to collect money to help the_____ out of the earthquake. A.victims B.poor C.villagers D.witnesses ( )8.His coming ______ our happiness. A.added B.added up C.added to D.added for ( )9.Our English teacher is____ a teacher to us. A.not only B.much C.more than D.not just ( )10.Yesterday,Jim was arrested ______ stealing things from a shop. A.on B.at C.to D.for ( )11._________ highly possible _____ he stole the necklace yesterday. A.It’s;that B.It’s;it C.That’s;it D.That’s;that ( )12.----May I ________ this book home? ----Yes.But don’t forget to____ it to me tomorrow. A.take;take B.take;bring C.bring;take D.bring;bring ( )13.I didn’t know he___ from Beijing the week before.I thought he was still there. A.had gone to B.has returned C.had returned D.had been returned ( )14.The number of crimes ________ rapidly in the last few years. A.have increased B.increased C.had increased D.has increased ( )15.--Can I help you? --Yes.I’d like a ticket to Mount Emei.Can you tell me___ take to get there? A.how soon will it B.how soon it will C.how long it will D.how long will it ( )16.You can’t imagine ___ when they received these nice Christmas presents. A.how they were excited B.how excited they were C.how excited were they D.they were how excited ( )17.----Could you tell me ________? ----Sorry,I don’t know.I was not at the meeting. A.what does he say at the meeting B.what did he say at the meeting C.what he says at the meeting D.what he said at the meeting ( )18.Every morning the patients are asked if ____ their temperature taken. A.they had had B.have they had C.they have had D.had they had (三)首字母填空 A rich American went into a shop in London.He wanted very much to buy a nicelooking w 1 ,but the o 2 of the shop asked five hundred dollars for it.Suddendly a young man came into the shop,took the watch out of the owner’s h 3 and ran out with it.It all h 4 in a few seconds.When the owner ran out into the street,the young man had already d 5 among the pelple. The American went on his way.At the next corner,he saw the young man with the s 6 watch in his hand.“Do you want to buy a fine watch for only 100 dollars,sir?”“The young man doesn’t know I saw him stealing the watch,”he thought.The American p 7 at once and went b 8 to his room with the watch. His friend took a look at the watch,and started l 9 .He said,“You are a fool This watch isn’t worth even ten dollars.I’m sure the shop owner and the young man p 10 this together.” 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 初中学习网,资料共分享!我们负责传递知识!www.czxxw.com

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