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首页>英语>课件>英语八年级下 Unit 10《Jobs and Chores》复习课件(北师大版)

英语八年级下 Unit 10《Jobs and Chores》复习课件(北师大版)

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资料类别:  英语/课件 所属版本:  北师大
所属地区:  全国 上传时间:  2012/4/11
下载次数:  125 次 资料类型:  
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一、教学重点: 1. 现在完成时 2. 课文解析。 二、具体内容。 (一)现在完成时: 1. 表示到现在为止已经完成的动作,强调动作的结果和对现在的影响。常与just, yet, already, ever, never 等时间状语连用。 e.g. I have already done my work.(说明不用再工作了) I have become a soldier.(我过去当上了兵,现在仍是兵)   2. 表示过去已经开始,持续到现在仍未结束,并含持续到将来的意思。此用法经常与一些表示一段时间的时间状语连用。如:today, recently, lately, since, during/in the past two days, this week, these days, so far, for a long time…     e.g. We have waited for the whole day.(现在仍然在等) 3. 构成:主语+ have/has +done…     I have written a postcard to my friend.     She has lived here since she was born.   4. have/has been to 和have/has gone to 的区别:     have/has been to 表示“去过某地”,表明说话人的一种经历,可以与“once, several times, ever, never”连用。     e has been to Shanghai three times.     have/has gone to 表示“去了某地”,表明主语已在去某地的路上或已到达某地。一般只能用于第三人称,不能与上述时间状语连用。     He has gone to Shanghai. 5. 过去分词的构成     规则变化:与动词过去式的规则变化相同,即在词尾加ed     work-worked-worked     move-moved-moved      stop-stopped-stopped     study-studied-studied     不规则变化: 1)动词原形,过去式,过去分词三种形式完全相同。 put-put-put   hurt-hurt-hurt    cut-cut-cut   shut-shut-shut 2)过去分词与过去式相同。     make-made-made  dig-dug-dug  build-built-built   pay-paid-paid      3)过去分词与动词原形相同,与过去式不相同。     become-became-become    run-ran-run   overcome-overcame-overcome     4)三词形式完全不相同,过去分词多以n/ne/en结尾。     take-took-taken    eat-ate-eaten   see-saw-seen   grow-grew-grown     do-did-done       go-went-gone (二)课文解析:   1. And, to our surprise, they said okay!     to one’s surprise 使人吃惊的是     To our surprise, Jack came into the classroom.     To my great surprise, father handed me the key to the new car.     to one’s joy/horror     To his horror, they saw the plane falling to the earth, head first.     To my great joy, the school is organizing an outing next week. 2. We know that the teenagers in our community needed a place to hang out, to play sports, to watch movies, or to meet new people.     hang out居住,聚集     Where does your friend John hang out?     He hangs out at Green Street.     They often hang out in a bar near their school. 3. One group is in charge of developing the activities for the center, another in charge of finding more teenagers, and some of us are responsible for cleaning the house.     be in charge of 负责某事     When I was in school, I was in charge of the student union.     I’ll be in charge of the whole factory next week when the director is away.     Who is in charge of here? 4. put up Our geography teacher put up a map of China on the wall in our classroom last week. A new teaching building will be put up next June in our school. 5. take place The wedding took place at 11 a.m. on October 2. Our graduation ceremony will take place next July. [课堂练习] I. 写出下列动词的过去式和过去分词: 1. have _________    __________       2. make _________ _________ 3. happen _________ __________         4. arrive ___________ __________ 5. tell ___________   __________        6. move _________ __________ 7. order ________    __________        8. park ___________ ___________ 9. know ________    _________         10. write _________ __________ 11. break _____________ __________      12. feed _____________ _____________ 13. clean ____________ ______________   14. sweep _____________ ____________ 15. cut  ___________ ______________    16. fix _____________ ______________ 17. come ___________ _____________     18. go_____________ ______________ II. 翻译句子。 1. 我们已经取得了巨大进步。We have _______ a lot of ___________. 2. 工程进展如何?________ is the project ________? 3. 他们刚点了吃的。They have ________ _________ some food. 4. 她刚从房间冲出来。She ______ just _______ ________ _______ the room. 5. 他们刚刚搬了新家。They have just ________ ________ a new house.

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