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首页>英语>同步>英语八年级下:Chapter 6 《A new newspaper》知识精讲(牛津沈阳版)

英语八年级下:Chapter 6 《A new newspaper》知识精讲(牛津沈阳版)

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资料类别:  英语/同步 所属版本:  牛津沈阳
所属地区:  全国 上传时间:  2012/3/26
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Chapter 6 A new newspaper 一、教学内容: Chapter 6 A new newspaper   二、具体过程 ought 和may的具体用法如下: ought 情态动词 aux. 应该;应当 should, ought to +动词原形 (1)表示义务、责任或劝告,可译为“应该”。 You ought to(=should)obey your parents.你应该听你父母的话。 We ought to(=should)love others as ourselves.我们应该爱人如己。 (2)表示“推测”,指根据道理或事实所推理出来的结论,可译为“照道理讲应该”。 He ought to(=should)be able to speak English after studying it so long.他在学习这么久之后,照道理讲应该会说英语。 If he started at nine,he ought to(=should)be here by four. 既然他是九点钟动身的,最迟到四点钟就应该到达这里。 As a Party member, you ought to give the lead. 作为党员,你应当带头。 This work ought to be done at once. 这项工作应当马上就做。 We ought to be hearing from them soon, then. 这么说,我们大概不久就可以接到他们的信了。 You ought to have told me you were coming. 你该告诉我你要来才是。 There ought to be something wrong with the bus. 这辆公共汽车一定出毛病了。 You ought not to do it. 你不应该做这事。 Ought he to start now? Yes , he ought. 他现在该动身了吗?该动身了。 They ought to go now, oughtn’t they? 他们现在该走了,对吗? 情态动词 aux. 该会;理应 words that show what you think will happen Bruce is the fastest runner, so he ought to win the race. 布鲁斯跑得最快,所以他应该会赢得这场赛跑的。 He said he ought to write an article about it. 他说他该为这写一篇文章。 ought to +不定式的进行时,肯定句中表示主语没有做他该做的事;否定句中表示主语正在做他不该做的事。 He ought to be studying for his exam.He shouldn’t be spending all his time on the beach. 他应该正在为他的考试作准备。他不应该把时间都消磨在海滩上。 I ought not to(=shouldn’t)telling you this.It’s supposed to be secret. 我不应该告诉你。这应该是个秘密。 ought to +不定式的完成时,肯定句中表示主语过去该做而未做的事,否定句中表示主语过去做了不该做的事情。 You ought to(=should)have been more careful(but you were not careful enough). 你应该更小心的。 You oughtn’t to(=shouldn’t)have crossed the road when the lights were red. 红灯亮的时候,你就不应该穿越马路。 may 名词 n. (May)五月 the fifth month of the year I saw him sometime in May. 我曾在五月里某个时候见到过他。 May Day is a great international holiday. “五一”是国际性的伟大节日。 The May 4 Movement took place in Beijing in 1919. 五四运动发生在1919年,北京。 情态动词 aux. 可以,允许 have permission to, be allowed to Dogs may not be taken into the park without a lead. 没有皮带牵着的狗不得带入公园。 He asked if he might go. 他问他是否可以走 May I ask you a question? 我可以问你一个问题吗? “May we go to the cinema please?” ”Yes, you may.” “我们可以看电影吗?”“可以。” “May we have the television on?” “Yes, you may.” “我们可以开电视吗?”“可以。” 情态动词 aux. 也许,可能 words that shows what will perhaps happen It may rain today. 今天可能下雨。 Xiao Yang may know his address. 小杨可能知道他的地址。 He may come, or he may not. 他可能来,也可能不来。 The bus may be late. 公共汽车也许晚点。 It may be a good report, but it seems to lack facts. 这或许是个好报告,但事实似乎不充分。 I may pass in seven subjects. 我七门科目可以及格。 You may have read about it in the papers. 你可能在报上已经看到这个消息了。 She may still be waiting for us. 她可能还在等我们。 You might have helped me when I asked you. 当我求你帮忙时,你本来就可以帮我的。 Let’s hurry up so that we may finish the work in time. 咱们快一点,好及时完成任务。 情态动词 aux. 祝;愿 hope that things will happen: May you live happily! 祝您生活愉快! May you be happy! 祝你幸福! May you have a safe journey. 祝你一路平安。 decide:[di’said] vt.&vi.决定,决心;名词形式为decision。 1)跟名词或代词: ①It is the people who decide the fate of mankind. 决定人类命运的是人民。 ②The question will be decided by themselves. 问题将由他们自己决定。 2)跟不定式: ①He decided to give a one-man show. 他决定唱一段独角戏。 ②We haven’t decided when to start. 我们还没决定何时动身。 3)跟从句: ①Let’s first decide where we should go. (=Let’s first decide where to go.) 我们先决定一下到什么地方去。 ②It is not decided whether we will go there. 还没有决定我们是不是去那儿。 4)跟介词短语(跟on或upon,表示“就某事做出决定”): Don’t decide on important matters too quickly. 重要的事情不要匆忙做出决定。 suggest 是个及物动词,后面可以跟名词、代词、动词 -ing 形式或从句作它的宾语。suggest 的考查通常涉及到它的非谓语动词形式、宾语从句及宾语从句的虚拟语气等方面。   (一)suggest 作“间接表明;建议;使想起”解时,后面可以跟名词、代词或动词 -ing 形式作宾语。例如: ① That girl’s sun-tanned face suggests excellent health. 那个姑娘被太阳晒黑了的脸表明她身体非常健康。 ② Mr. Smith suggested a way out of the difficulty. 史密斯先生提出了一个克服困难的办法。 ③ An explanation suddenly suggested itself to me. 一种解释突然出现在我的脑海里。 ④ I have written him a letter and suggested his sending it to the Ministry of Culture. 我给他写了一封信,并建议他把它寄给文化部。 suggest 后面可以跟“ to sb. to do sth. ”结构。其中的介词 to 不能省略。动词不定式短语 to do sth. 作宾语补足语。例如: ⑤ Who suggested to you to do it this way? 谁提出要你这样做的?   (二)suggest 作“建议”解,而且后面跟 that 从句作宾语时,宾语从句中的谓语动词用虚拟语气,即谓语动词用“(should)动词原形”。例如: ① Almost all his friends suggested that he visit Mr. Johnson at once. ② — The experiment has failed!—I suggest you try again.   (三)suggest 作“表明、说明、暗示、指出”解,而且后面跟 that 从句作宾语时,宾语从句中的谓语动词用陈述语气。例如: ① He often came to the theater, but his attitude suggested he was not really interested in the play. ② Jane’s pale face suggested that she was ill, and her parents suggested that she have a medical examination. 例②中第一个 suggested 作“表明、说明”解,所以其后的宾语从句的谓语动词用陈述语气;第二个 suggested 的意思是“建议”,所以其后的宾语从句的谓语动词用虚拟语气,其中的 should 被省略了。   (四)在下列含 suggest 的句式中,如果 suggest 表示“建议”时,其后的宾语从句的谓语动词仍然用虚拟语气。 句式一、It’s suggested that…(有人建议……)例如: ① It’s suggested that we ( should ) put on a short play at the party. 有人建议我们在晚会上演一个短剧。 ② It has been suggested that Robert should go to Chicago and try to find a job there. 有人建议罗伯特到芝加哥去,设法在那里找个工作。 句式二、What( All that )sb. suggests is that…(某人建议的是……)例如: ① What I suggest is that we visit a class right away. 我的建议是我们马上去听课。 ② What she suggested was that the clinic should make better use of those herbs. 她建议医疗站更好地利用那些草药。   (五)名词 suggestion 的用法。 suggestion 作“建议”解,后面跟同位语从句时,以及 suggestion 用作主语,后面跟表语从句时,从句中的谓语动词均用虚拟语气。例如: ① My suggestion is that the work should be started at once. 我的建议是立即动工。 ② The monitor’s suggestion that she should come another day has not been accepted. 班长提出的她改天来的建议还是没有被接受。

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