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首页>英语>同步>英语八年级上:Chapter 1 《A letter from a pen-friend》重难点讲解(牛津沈阳版)

英语八年级上:Chapter 1 《A letter from a pen-friend》重难点讲解(牛津沈阳版)

资料类别:  英语/同步 所属版本:  牛津沈阳
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Chapter 1 A letter from a pen-friend 【本讲教育信息】 一. 教学内容: Chapter One: language, speaking, using English 重点语法: (一)特殊疑问句 特殊疑问句是用来对句子中某一部分提问的疑问句。常以疑问代词、疑问副词开头。常见的引导特殊疑问句的疑问代词和疑问副词有what, who, which, whose, when, where, how, why 等。用法如下:  1. what意为“什么”。用来对“事”或“职业”提问。如: What is this? 这是什么? What is your father? 你爸爸是干什么的? What is the weather like today? 今天天气如何? What do you think of this film? 你认为这部电影怎么样? 2. who意为 “谁”。用来对“人”提问。如:     Who is at the door? 谁在门旁? 3. which意为“哪个”。既可以对“人”提问,也可以对“物”提问。如: Which city is bigger, Beijing or Shanghai? 哪个城市更大,北京还是上海? Which girl won the prize? 哪个女孩得了奖? 4. whose意为“谁的”。如: Whose bag is this? 这个包是谁的? 5. when意为“什么时候”。对时间提问。对具体钟点提问用“what time”。如: When did you arrive? 你什么时候到的? What time does the first class begin? 几点钟开始第一堂课? 6. why 意为“为什么”。对原因提问。如: Why didn’t you go with us yesterday? 你昨天为什么没和我们一起去? Why do you want to build a science lab? 你为什么想建科学实验室? 7. where 意为“在哪里”。对地点提问。如:     Where shall we meet tomorrow? 我们明天在哪儿见面? 8. how 意为“怎样”。对方式,程度,状态等提问。如: How are you? 你好吗? How do you like China? 你认为中国怎么样? 9. how many意为“多少”对可数名词的复数提问。如: How many apples are there on the table?桌子上有多少个苹果? 10. how much意为 “多少”。对不可数名词提问。如:     How much meat is there in the fridge? 冰箱里有多少肉?     How much are these apples? 这些苹果多少钱? 11. how long意为“多长”对时间段和物体的长度提问。如:     How long have you lived here? 你在这儿住多久了?     How long is the Great Wall? 长城有多长? 12. how soon 意为“多久”对in+时间段提问。如:     How soon will he come back? 他什么时候回来?     In three days. 三天后。 13. how often 意为“多久一次”。对频率提问。如:     How often do you water the flowers? 你多长时间浇一次花?   Three times a day. 一天三次。 14. how old意为“多大”。对年龄提问。如:      How old are you? 你几岁?   (二)不定冠词a, an的用法 不定冠词a, an均可表示“一”,“一个”,一般用于以下几种情况: 1. 用于可数名词的单数形式前,指人、事物的某一种类。如: Is that a apple?  那是一个苹果吗? 2. 指某人或某物,但不具体说明是何人或何物。如: An orange is orange. 橘子是橙色的。 3. 表示数量“一”,但不如one 强烈。如:     I have a mouth, a nose, two eyes and two ears.     我有一张嘴,一个鼻子,两只眼睛和两个耳朵。 4. 用于某些固定词组中。如:have a rest(休息),a little(一点儿)等等。     注意:使用a和an时应切记:元音读音开头的单词(或字母)开头用an;辅音读音开头单词(或字母)前用a。如:     There is an “r” and a “u” in the word “universe”. 单词“universe”里有一个“r”和一个“u”。       There are sixty minutes in an hour. 一小时有六十分钟。 (1) Maths is ______ useful subject. You can’t drop it, I think. (2) It is ______long time since we met last. (3) Tom’s father is ______ artist and his mother is ______ engineer. (4) Last Sunday we had ______ good time. (5) There are only two letters in the word “us”,______“u” and ______“s”. (6) Before he became ______ university student, he was ______ army man. (7) I spent ______ hour and ______ half writing the composition. (8) Do you have ______ answer to my question? (9) Have you got ______ ten-yuan note? (10) The car has ______ ugly colour.   英语朗读中的升降调 1. 英语朗读中的陈述句,特殊疑问句或表示命令的祈使句以及感叹句,常用降调。 e.g: He often helps me with my English.(降) Where are you going?(降) Put on your sweater.(降) What a lovely day!(降) 2. 在英语中,如果陈述句表示惊讶,高兴等感情时,句尾常读成升调。 3. Eg: Her birthday is October 1st.     October 1st( 升) (表示惊讶) Your father bought a new bike for you . A new bike for me!( 升)(表示高兴)     重点词汇: 1. correct endings 正确的结尾, correct 正确的= right 2. beginning with 以…开头 beginning with A 以  A开头 3. start with 以…开始 start 开始 ,还有创办的意思: Eg: He starts the company. 他创办了这个公司。 它还有开启的意思 Eg: He started this computer. 他把电脑开了。 4. at the other side 在另一边 5. practise doing sth. 练习做某事 eg: He practiced playing the violin . 6. at the arrow 在箭头处 7. make , let, have 这三个词都可以加 do sth.: make sb. do sth.= let sb. do sth=have sb. do sth 8. such as = for example 举例子 9. say it well: well 是副词,意思是好的。Do it well. 好好做.well 还有形容词性。意思是健康,eg: I am well. 我很好。(我很健康) 10. in the same order as 用像…的顺序



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