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首页>英语>同步>英语七年级下:Unit 2 We love all four seasons知识精讲(牛津上海版):

英语七年级下:Unit 2 We love all four seasons知识精讲(牛津上海版):

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资料类别:  英语/同步 所属版本:  牛津上海
所属地区:  上海 上传时间:  2012/3/22
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Unit 2 We love all four seasons 一. 本周教学内容:     Module 3 Unit 2 We love all four seasons   [教学过程] 重点词汇 awful                    brightly                each Easter                    feeling                 go on a picnic Sleep                      go to sleep           wake                   whole wear, put on,dress与in的区别及用法 三者的区别在于: dress (vt.)可作及物动词或不及物动词,dress somebody或者dress oneself,意思是“(给……)穿衣服”(表示动作)。 He dress (himself) quickly. 他穿衣服很快。 wear (vt.)只作及物动词,意思是“穿着……衣服”(表示状态)。 He wears a beautiful shirt. 他穿着一件漂亮的衬衣。 put on是个动词短语,意思是“穿上”(表示动作)。例如: Jack puts on his hat and went out. 杰克戴上帽子出去了。 in后面加颜色,in red就是穿着红衣服 例:He is ____ dark glasses to protect his eyes from the sun. A. dressing            B. wearing             C. bearing              D. putting on I know the old man (  )white hair and thick glass. A. having               B. wearing             C. on                    D. in (1)wear + glasses 戴着眼镜 (2)wear + white hair留着白发 (3)wear + shoes 穿鞋   not…until意思是“直至某时才做某事” She didn't arrive until 6 o'clock. 她直到6点才到。 Don't get off the bus until it has stopped. 公共汽车停稳后再下车。 I didn't manage to do it until you had explained how. 直到你教我后,我才会做。     not until …在句首,主句用倒装。 Not until the early years of the 19th century did man know what heat is. 直到19 世纪初,人类才知道热能是什么。 Not until I began to work did I realize how much time I had wasted. 直到我开始工作,我才认识到了我已蹉跎了几多岁月   either…or的句法功能 1. 作为并列连词,either…or一般用来连接句子中的同等成分,如名词、动词、介词短语等。但有时也可见到前后不一的情况。 1)连接名词     I was always given either bread and butter, or bread and jam,     2)连接动词 Either come in or go out. 3)连接不定式     You can either to look after your sister or to do your homework. Some of the insects do nothing to either help or harm us.有些昆虫对我们既无益也无害。学习网XK] 4 There are two ways of rising in the world, either by your own industry or by the folly of others.(La Bruyere)在世上要获得成功的方法有二:一是靠自己的勤奋;二是靠他人的愚蠢。     5)连接分句 Either you are mad , or I am.   2. either…or与主谓一致 1)当either…or…用来连接并列主语,即构成“either A or B” 后面的动词通常与B保持人称和数的一致。试比较: Either my father or my brothers are coming. 要么我父亲来,要么我弟弟们来。 Either my brothers or my father is coming. 2)在一般疑问句中,动词提前,故应与either后的主语保持人称和数的一致。例如: Is either he or you wrong? (试比较:Either he or you are wrong.) Is either your father or your brothers coming? (试比较:Either my father or my brothers are coming.) either…or…表示两种可能性中任选一种,其后面必须连接两个相同的句子成份。例如: The sentence can be either true or false.句子要么是对的要么是错的。 You can either come with me or walk home. 你要么跟我一块去,要么走回家去。 Either mum or I cook supper.要么我母亲要么我做晚饭。 neither…nor…连接两个相同的句子成分,表示否定的意思。动词的单复数形式与nor后的单词主谓语相一致。例如: Neither Li Lei nor Wang Hai was there.李雷和王海都不在那里。 I neither watch TV nor listen to the radio.我既不看电视也不听收音机  go to sleep / go to bed go to bed“就寝”,意思和get to sleep, go to sleep相近,事实上在实际应用中有区别。从次序上先是go to bed, 后是go to sleep。譬如妈妈对孩子说:It's time for you to go to bed. (你该上床睡觉了。)稍后妈妈走进孩子卧室再说:Go to sleep, honey.(宝贝儿,睡吧。)go to bed侧重中止日间一切活动,出于生理上恢复精力、体力需要的就寝。这一习语中的bed不一定是床。睡在沙发或地上也叫go to bed。   like是一个使用频率较高的词,它既可作动词,又能作介词,弄不清楚的同学经常混淆用法。下面就已经学过的用法归纳如下: 1. 作及物动词,意为“喜欢”,后接名词或代词,表示对某一事物的兴趣或爱好。例如: I like fish and vegetables very much. Jack doesn't like his work. 2. 常与would, should连用,表示“想要、愿意、希望”,语气较为客气委婉。例如:Would you like something to drink?你想要喝点什么吗? I would like a bottle of orange and two cakes, please. 我想要一瓶桔子汁和两块蛋糕。 3. like后接动词不定式作宾语,表示喜欢某项特定的或具体的活动。例如: Do you like to play basketball? No. I like to play table tennis. His mother doesn't like to see a film. 4. like后也可跟动词的ing形式作宾语,强调喜欢和爱好的是一般性的行为或事实。例如: Do they like playing games? No. They like watching TV. The girl doesn't like doing housework.   5. How do you like…?句型主要用以询问对方对某个地方或某件事物等的看法,意为“你觉得…怎么样?”例如: How do you like the city?你觉得这座城市怎么样? How do you like the film?你认为这部电影怎样? 6. like作介词,意为“像”、“和……一样”。例如: She looks like her mother. The boy jumps like a monkey. It looks like rain. We don't need a man like him   prefer+名词或动名词+介词 to+名词或动名词。例如: She prefers the town to the country.她喜欢城市而不喜欢乡下。 I prefer taking a walk to sitting in front of the television. 我宁愿散步而不愿看电视。 I prefer swimming to skating . 我喜欢游泳胜过滑冰。 prefer+不定式。例如: He prefers to work alone.他喜欢独自工作。 注:prefer同其本身已含有比较,故不能与more、most连用。

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