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首页>英语>同步>英语七年级下Module 4 《Garden city and its neighbors》 Unit 2 Santa Claus is coming to t own(牛津沈阳版)

英语七年级下Module 4 《Garden city and its neighbors》 Unit 2 Santa Claus is coming to t own(牛津沈阳版)

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初一英语Module 4 Garden city and its neighbors Unit 2 Santa Claus is coming to t own沈阳牛津版 【本讲教育信息】 一. 教学内容: Module 4 Garden city and its neighbors Unit 2 Santa Claus is coming to town (一)课标单词 (二)重点短语 (三)重要句型 (四)频率副词的用法 (五)介词since与for的用法 二. 知识总结与归纳 (一)课标单词 1. patient 2. friendly 3. honest 4. message 5. radio 6. beautifully 7. interview 8. hardworking 9. popular 10. since 11. meal 12. song 13. busy 14. believe 15. holiday 16. Christmas 17. exchange 18. goose 19. picture 20. nearly 21. dish 22. choose 23. circle 24. voice 25. word 26. paper 27. pull (二)重点短语 1. hang up 2. be busy doing 3. 2000 years ago 4. be good at 5. look for 6. be born (三)重要句型 1. We are looking for someone who cares for others. 我们正在寻找关心别人的人。 Someone is in the classroom. Someone cleans the streets every day. 2. People have eaten turkey at Christmas since 1650. since prep. “自从……”后接表示时间点的短语,句子用现在完成时。 He has lived here since 1990. 3. Millions of people believe that Jesus was born about two thousand years ago on Christmas Day. (1) hundred, thousand, million前有具体数字时,不加s。 three million readers (2) hundreds / thousands/ millions of 4. We’ve mixed up the pictures. mix up 混合 I always get the phone numbers mixed up. (四)频率副词的用法 ★always always 意为总是,与进行时态连用时,可以表示赞扬,也可以表示讨厌等感情色彩。(1)I shall always remember my first day at school. 我将永远记住我上学的第一天。 (2)He is always smoking. 他总是抽烟。 usually usually可以指通常的动作,但是侧重已经形成的习惯,它是从已经形成的角度来说明动作。 (1)I usually do some shopping with my parents on Sundays. 我经常在星期天和我的父母一起去买东西。 (2)He usually goes to school by bike. 他通常骑自行车上学。 often often是指经常性的动作,意思为常常, 经常。(1)Children don’t often do homework. 孩子们经常不写作业。 (2)He is often late for school. 他经常上学迟到。 sometimes sometimes意思为有时,不时,表示次数较少(低于often所表达的次数),常常与一般现在时或一般过去时连用。 (1)Sometimes he goes to work by bike, and sometimes he goes by bus. 有时候他骑自行车上班,有时候他乘公共汽车上班。 (2)Sometimes I helped my parents in the house. 有时候我帮助父母做家务。 hardly hardly意思为难得, 几乎从来不,它所表示的次数非常少。 (1)He hardly drinks. 他几乎不喝酒。 (2)She hardly plays cards. 她几乎不打牌。 never never意思为决不, 从未,表示一次也没有。 (1)He never lives there. 他从来都没有在那儿住过。 (2)She never has anything to do. 她一向无所事事。 1. My brother never play basketball. (改错) 2. Sometimes he ____ (do) his homework in the evening.(用所给动词的适当形式填空) 3. They often have rice and meat for lunch every day.(画线部分提问) _______ __________ __________ they _________ rice and meat for lunch? 4. I play football three times a week. (画线部分提问) _____ __________ __________ you play football? 5. He doesn’t often go swimming. (改为肯定句) He _____ __________ swimming. 6. lunch, we, a hamburger, have, sometimes, for (连词成句)7. Simon goes running every day and he is ____ healthy. (用never/ always填空) Keys: 1. My brother never plays basketball. 2. does 3. How often do, have 4. How often do 5. often goes 6. We sometimes have a hamburger for lunch. 7. always (五)介词since, for的用法 用作介词,意思是从……以来;自从”,常与完成时连用。 I haven’t heard from her since last year. 自去年以来我没有收到她的来信。 用作副词,意思是“从那时以来”。 I saw him last year, but we haven’t met since. 我在去年见到过他,从那以后我们就没有见面。 用作连词,意思是“从……以来;由于;既然”等。 He has been ill since I saw him last. 从上次我见他以来,他一直在生病。 Since you have finished the work, let’s go to the park. 既然你已把工作做完了,我们去公园吧。 表示原因时,语气比because弱,表示的原因是对方已知的,所说明的有时不是根本的或直接的原因,是附带的原因,一般把它译成“既然;鉴于”。since引导的从句往往放在主句之前。例如: The fisherman said,“Since I must die, I must... ” 渔夫说:“既然我非死不可,那我就死好了……” 【注意】 1、在现在完成时中,since后接时间点或从句,而for只接时间段,可以说since 1999, since six o’clock, since we came here last year; for two days, for a long time, for a week等,但不能说成since two years, for last week等。 2 如果since后的动词是延续性动词的过去式,句子要译成 我不……已多长时间了。如: It is five years since I smoked/ worked here/ lived here. 我不吸烟/不在这工作/不在这住已五年了。 3、since短语通常不能同一般现在时连用。比较: He is here since five o’clock. (×) He has been here since five o’clock. (√) 但当句子主语为it时,或句子所表示的是一种客观事实时,含since短语的句子谓语也可以采用一般现在时。 【模拟试题】(答题时间:35分钟) 一、翻译词组 1. 写一则广告 _________________ 2. 去面试 ________________ 3. 用计算机工作 ________________ 4. 互赠圣诞卡片 ________________ 5. 将长袜挂起来 _______________ 6. 一个公共假日_______________ 7. 擅长画画 __________________ 8. 数以百万计的人们___________ 二、选择并抄写单词 1. Betty is very ______ (patient, honest), and she never tells a lie (说谎). 2. People are usually ______ (busy, free) at home decorating their Christmas trees. 3. I’ve lived in Shenyang ______ (for, since) 1995. 4. A wreath is a ______ (circle, ball) of flowers and leaves. 5. A king’s wife is ______ (queen, daughter). 三、单项选择 1. I’ve lost my mobile phone, I’m looking ____ it. A. out B. after C. at D. for 2. Betty is a girl ____ is always kind ____ others. A. who, for B. who, to C. which, for D. which, to 3. What people usually do ____ Christmas Day? A. in B. at C./ D. on 4. — How long have you been at Rose Garden School? — ____ two years. A. For B. Since C. Until D. From 5. Mum is busy at home ____ the housework. A. does B. doing C. did D. do 四、句型转换 1. We are looking for a girl. She cares for others. (合并成一句) We are looking for a girl ______ cares for others. 2. He has been a teacher for ten years. (改写成同义句) He has been a teacher ______ ______. 3. People eat turkey at Christmas every year. (对画线部分提问) ______ ______ people ______ at Christmas every year? 4. New Year’s Day is on 1 January. (对画线部分提问) ______ is New Year’s Day? 【试题答案】 一、1. write an advertisement 2. go for an interview 3. work on a computer 4. give Christmas cards to each other 5. hang up stockings 6. a public holiday 7. be good at drawing 8. millions of people 二、1. honest 2. busy 3. since 4. circle 5. queen 三、1~5 DBDAB 四、1. who 2. since 1998 3. What do, do 4. When



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