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首页>英语>同步>英语七年级下Module 1 《The natural elements》Unit 1 Controlling fire(牛津沈阳版)知识精讲

英语七年级下Module 1 《The natural elements》Unit 1 Controlling fire(牛津沈阳版)知识精讲

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资料类别:  英语/同步 所属版本:  牛津沈阳
所属地区:  全国 上传时间:  2012/3/21
下载次数:  156 次 资料类型:  
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七年级英语Module 1 Unit 1 Controlling fire沈阳牛津版 【本讲教育信息】 一. 教学内容: Module 1 The natural elements Unit 1 Controlling fire (一)掌握词汇、短语 (二)重要句型 (三)句型:there be句型 (四)介词in, on, at, outside的用法 二. 知识总结与归纳 (一)掌握词汇、短语 1. natural 2. careful 3. end 4. control 5. question 6. happen 7. kind 8. information 9. cause 10. screen 11. metal 12. everywhere 13. shape 14. drop 15. glass 16. put 17. lose 18. everything 19. card 20. myself 21. carry 22. pack 23. breathe 24, rule 25. downstairs 26. fan 27. else 28. sentence 29. be used for 30. be careful with 31. go downstairs 32. queue up 33. one… the other 34. on the first floor 35. outside the classroom 36. in the corridor 37. on the wall (二)重要句型 1. What is it used for? 2. It is used for putting out a fire. 3. What may happen if we are not careful with fire? 4. You must not pack your bag before you leave the classroom. (三)句型:there be句型 There be 结构用以表达“某处(某时)有某人(某物)”基本句型为 “There be + 某物或某人 + 某地或某时”,其中there 是引导词,没有词义;be是谓语动词; “某人或某物”是句子的主语; “某地或某时”作句子的状语,多是介词短语。如: There is a football under the chair. 椅子下面有一个足球。There be结构中的动词be的确定1. there be 结构中的谓语动词be在人称和数上应与其后的主语保持一致。主语是不可数名词或单数可数名词时用is,是复数时用are。如: There is a flower in the bottle. 瓶里有一朵花。There is some money in the purse. 钱包里有些钱。2. 若句子中有几个并列的主语时,be的形式要与离其最近的一个主语在人称和数上保持一致。如: There is a boy, a girl and two women in the house. 房子里有一个男孩,一个女孩和两个妇女。There are ten students and a teacher in the office. 办公室里有十个学生和一个教师。另外,在陈述句中为了强调地点,也可将介词短语提置句首。如: In the tree there are five birds. 树上有五只鸟。 There be 结构的句型转换1. 否定句: there be的否定式通常在be后加not构成(在口语中be时常与not缩写在一起)。如果句中有some,一般要变成any。如: There are some children in the picture. →There aren't any children in the picture. 2. 一般疑问句及其答语:把be提到there前,首字母大写,句末用问号即可。其肯定答语是Yes, there is / are;否定答语为No, there isn't / aren't。如: -Are there two cats in the tree? -Yes, there are. (No, there aren't.) 3. 特殊疑问句及其回答:①提问句子的主语(包括主语前的修饰语)时,句型一律用"what is + 地点介词短语?"(无论主语是单数还是复数都用is)。如: There are some birds in the tree. →What's in the tree? ②就there be后面的地点状语进行提问时,句型用"where is / are + 主语?"如: There is a car in the street. →Where is the car? ③提问可数名词(主语)前的数量时,用how many,句型结构为"how many + 复数名词 + are there + 其它?"(主语无论是单数还是复数,be通常要用are)。如: There is a cat under the bed. →How many cats are there under the bed? (四)介词in, on, at, outside的用法 1. in in the corridor 2. on on the wall 3. at at the staircase 4. outside outside the classroom 【模拟试题】(答题时间:40分钟) 一、选择并抄写单词 1. Be ________ (careful, carefully) when you start a fire. 2. Let’s go ________ (upstairs, downstairs) from the fifth floor to the first floor. 3. The firemen carry ________ (breathing, breathe) equipments to protect themselves. 4. Don’t ________ (remember, forget) to switch off the lights before you leave the room. 5. People may lose their ________ (life, lives) and homes in a fire. 二、用所给词的适当形式填空 1. ________ students often forget to bring homework or books to school. (careful) 2. People may be ________ injured in a fire. (serious) 3. You must not drop ________ cigarette ends everywhere. (burn) 4. After the early men ________ the fire, they started eating cooked food. (discover) 5. There is an alarm bell on the ________ floor. (three) 三、用适当的介词填空 1. I’ve got some information ______ my computer ______ fire. 2. Can you tell us the answer ______ the question? 3. Please look at the picture ______ the wall. 4. What do people do ______ rubbish in your school? 5. What may happen if we are not careful ______ fire? 四、选词填空(用所给词的适当形式填空) tell look read draw take 1. Books are used for ________. 2. Watches are used for ________ us the time. 3. Rulers are used for ________ a straight line (直线). 4. Cars are used for ________ us everywhere. 5. Mirrors (镜子) are used for ________ at yourself. 五、句型转换 1. It is used for blowing glass in different sizes. (对画线部分提问) ________ is it used for? 2. Ken may forget to water the flower. (改写成同义句) Ken may ________ ________ to water the flower. 3. We use a hosepipe to put out a fire. (改写成同义句) A hosepipe ______ used ______ ______ out a fire. 六、用some, any填空 1. There’s ______ water in the cup. There isn’t ______ tea in the cup. 2. Is there ______ bread here? Yes, there is. There’s ______ on the table. 3. Are there ______ cars in front of the building? No, there aren’t. 4. There isn’t _____ chocolate on the table. 5. Is there ______ soap on the dressing table? 七、用is, are填空 1. There ______ a spoon on the plate. 2. There ______ some milk on the table. There ______ coffee, too. 3. There ______ some clouds in the sky. There ______ some boats on the river. 4. There ______ some knives in the box. 5. There ______ a newspaper in the living room. 6. ______ there any books in the room? Yes, there ______ . ______ there any magazines on the television? No, there ______ . 7. There ______ a policeman in the kitchen. 8. There ______ 60 minutes in an hour. 9. There ______ a pencil, a ruler and 2 books on the desk. 10. There ______ 2 glasses and a cup on the table. 【试题答案】 一、1. careful 2. downstairs 3. breathing 4. forget 5.lives 二、1. Careless 2. seriously 3. burning 4.discovered 5. third 三、1. on, about 2. to 3. on 4. about 5. with 四、1. reading 2. telling 3. drawing 4. taking 5. looking 五、1. What 2. not remember 3. is for putting 六、1. some, any 2. any, some 3. any 4. any 5. any 七、1. is 2. is, . is 3. are, are 4. are 5. is 6. Are, are / Are, aren’t 7. is 8. are 9. is 10. are

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